2011-02-01 12:00 - Messages

Review of the J-value literature – Final report

Completed for HSE by Michael Spackman

This report is in response to a request by the HSE to review the 'J-value approach' (Judgement-value).  This is a method for objective assessment of health and safety spending, i.e. for comparing the costs and benefits of safety regulation, focusing on its potential contribution to regulatory decision making. The J-value literature may appear to offer an analytical basis for larger numbers for the "values of a prevented fatality" (VPF) and for the valuation of large accident risks, but it does not really offer a way forward. There may however be other avenues worth considering, in developing a structured approach to the recurring problem of appraising impacts that can justify the expenditure of much more on some safety measures than would be justified by the expected reduction in human costs alone. These could include closer examination of all the public expenditure and other costs associated with some specific hazards and the development of earlier work on “societal concerns”. The report concludes that the method is too simplistic to be a competitor to the methods now established in the UK and elsewhere for the valuation of fatality risks.

Source: http://www.hse.gov.uk/nuclear/j-value-report.htm

Implementation of the Directives on Health and Safety at Work as a Cost Factor

Policy areas: Employment and social affairs

The study aims at better understanding the importance of Occupational Health and Safety (OSH) as a contributing factor to the economic viability of an organisation and looks into the potential effects of the proposals currently on the table for reducing administrative burdens in the field of health and safety at work. It considers the costs and benefits of compliance with OSH obligations, new and emerging risks and the need for new prevention measures to address these.


Source: http://osha.europa.eu/en/news/implementation-of-the-directives-on-health-and-safety-at-work-as-a-cost-factor


HSE - In-year work-related deaths reported to HSE

This information is the collated picture of ‘as reported' information on fatalities, including those documented in our Chief Executive's reports. It is updated on a monthly basis. It does not purport to be a formal statistical release. Subsequent investigation may determine that some are not reportable under RIDDOR1, for example deaths due to natural causes. Other deaths shown here may have been caused by gas incidents in the home. In such cases these deaths will not be counted in our statistics for workplace fatal injuries. Provisional quarterly figures for workplace fatal injuries are available from our latest quarterly injury figures[1] and validated figures and information will only be available on publication of the annual fatality statistics for Great Britain.

Source : http://www.hse.gov.uk/foi/fatalities/in-year-names.htm

Le travail de nuit des salariés en 2009

Fréquent dans les services publics ; en augmentation dans l'industrie et pour les femmes
En 2009, 15,2 % des salariés (21,4 % des hommes et 9 % des femmes), soit 3,5 millions de personnes, travaillent la nuit, habituellement ou occasionnellement. C'est un million de salariés de plus qu'en 1991, l'augmentation étant particulièrement forte pour les femmes.
Les trois quarts des salariés qui travaillent la nuit le font dans les services : 31 % dans le secteur public et 42 % dans une entreprise privée de services. Santé, sécurité et transports restent en effet les principaux secteurs recourant au travail de nuit. Toutefois, celui-ci s'est développé plus rapidement dans l'industrie.
À autres caractéristiques comparables, les salariés qui travaillent la nuit ont une rémunération plus élevée mais des conditions de travail nettement plus difficiles que les autres salariés : ils sont soumis à des pénibilités physiques plus nombreuses, une pression temporelle plus forte, des tensions avec leurs collègues ou le public plus fréquentes.

Source : http://www.travail-emploi-sante.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/2011-009.pdf

Benchmarking organizational leading indicators for the prevention and management of injuries and illnesses

Can a simple tool be developed that will predict a firm's workplace injury experience based on an assessment of its health and safety policies and practices? This was the question that a team of partners within Ontario's occupational health and safety system set out to answer, and it looks like the answer is “yes.”
The team developed an eight-item questionnaire that was then administered to over 800 workplaces. One respondent in each workplace was asked to assess the degree to which their organization adhered to optimal occupational health and safety policies and practices. Respondents' answers were scored and matched to their organization's injury rates over the previous three-plus years.
Workplaces where respondents reported higher scores had lower injury claim rates.
Although more work needs to be done to determine the reliability and best use of this eight-item questionnaire, it is an important step in the development of a “leading indicator” measurement tool that could be of benefit to occupational health and safety stakeholders in Ontario and beyond.

Source : http://www.iwh.on.ca/benchmarking-organizational-leading-indicators 

Part-time work in Europe

Non-standard employment and, more particularly, part-time work has been increasing worldwide for the past two decades. This trend has been especially strong in Europe, where the issue of different working time arrangements is an important part of the discussion among policymakers and social partners, and something which the European Union (EU) has promoted to increase flexibility for workers and employers. However, part-time work is spread very unevenly across Member States, reflecting differences in legislation, infrastructure and cultural conventions. This report uses data from the fourth European Working Conditions Survey and the second Company Survey.

Source : http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/publications/htmlfiles/ef1086.htm

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