Boussole est le nouvel outil en ligne de la Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de l'assurance contre les accidents du travail (CSPAAT) de l'Ontario. L'outil apporte plus de transparence à la sécurité professionnelle en Ontario en donnant aux gens la possibilité de consulter les statistiques sur la santé et la sécurité de tous les lieux de travail et de comparer ces statistiques entre les différentes entreprises. Voici un aperçu de ce que l'outil permet de faire:
- obtenir des données sur le nombre et le type de lésions d'un lieu de travail;
- avoir une idée de la gravité des lésions en examinant le nombre de personnes qui ont interrompu le travail au-delà du jour de l'accident et le nombre de personnes qui reçoivent toujours des prestations un an après l'accident;
- comparer les statistiques de santé et sécurité de jusqu'à cinq entreprises différentes à la fois.


Frequent Exertion and Frequent Standing at Work, by Industry and Occupation Group - United States, 2015

Repeated exposure to occupational ergonomic hazards, such as frequent exertion (repetitive bending or twisting) and frequent standing, can lead to injuries, most commonly musculoskeletal disorders. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders have been estimated to cost the United States approximately $2.6 billion in annual direct and indirect costs. A recent literature review provided evidence that prolonged standing at work also leads to adverse health outcomes, such as back pain, physical fatigue, and muscle pain. To determine which industry and occupation groups currently have the highest prevalence rates of frequent exertion at work and frequent standing at work, CDC analyzed data from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) Occupational Health Supplement (OHS) regarding currently employed adults in the United States. By industry, the highest prevalence of both frequent exertion and frequent standing at work was among those in the agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting industry group (70.9%); by occupation, the highest prevalence was among those in the construction and extraction occupation group (76.9%). Large differences among industry and occupation groups were found with regard to these ergonomic hazards, suggesting a need for targeted interventions designed to reduce workplace exposure.


Comparing workers’ compensation across Australia and New Zealand

The 2017 Comparison of workers' compensation arrangements in Australia and New Zealand report is now available.
Workers' compensation providers, governments and businesses operating across multiple workers' compensation schemes can use this report to compare the coverage, benefits and return to work provisions offered by each scheme.


Working conditions of workers of different ages

Demographic change is changing the face of working life across the EU. The increased demand on a shrinking pool of workers to provide for the social needs of an ageing population is leading to increases in the employment rate of older workers and a lengthening of working life. Policy reforms have – on the whole – focused on raising the statutory retirement age and providing financial incentives for older workers to remain in work beyond retirement age. However, a range of other factors also influence workers' decision to continue working into old age – including health and well-being, work–life balance, career prospects and job security, and working conditions such as autonomy, hours of work and psychosocial aspects of the workplace. This report analyses these factors in depth for the 28 EU Member States, using data from the latest European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS 2015) and in the context of Eurofound's concept of ‘sustainable work over the life course'. An executive summary is available - see Related content.


Comparative Analysis of the Burden of Injury and Illness at Work in Selected Countries and Regions

Developed countries have made tremendous progress in Workplace Safety and Health in terms of reducing the burden of occupational injuries caused by accidents. Developing countries and transition economies experience both high injury and illness risks at work. There is a clear need to look more carefully at the long latency diseases and disorders caused by work. In order to have a baseline for priority setting and future work, a better picture of the burden caused by work is needed. Data on both fatalities and non-fatal outcomes, attributable fractions based on the exposure-outcome relationship, Labour Force Surveys including ad hoc modules on workplace injuries and ill-health and data from several comparable countries have been obtained, modified, adapted, and used. Comparisons between countries are not straightforward but an effort has been made to compare numbers and rates. Globally there were 2.3 million work-related deaths in 2011. While cancers (666,000 deaths) and cardiovascular diseases (827,000 deaths) kill much more workers than injuries (353,000 deaths), the number of Years of Lives Lost to work-related injuries is still very high as those injured were much younger than, for example, those who died from work-related cancers. Various estimates indicated that largely comparable numbers exist for work-related cancer, while other work-related diseases, disorders and injuries were less comparable due to non-coverage of some and poor coverage of others. For major countries and regions, China had 173,000 work-related cancer deaths while the European Union (EU28) had 103,000. China's workforce is around three times bigger but also younger than that of EU28. China had an estimated 99,000 injury deaths at work while EU28 had 4,700 such deaths. For smaller comparable countries, Hungary had 96 fatal occupational injuries, 3,986 work-related disease deaths, totalling 4,082 deaths. Singapore had 115 fatal occupational injuries based on compensation records, and an estimated one workrelated suicide and 1,323 fatal work-related diseases totalling 1,439 fatal work-related injuries and illnesses. Hungarian and Singaporean burden and fatal work-related disease cases and rates of work-related diseases were comparable taken the size of workforce. Fatal injury rates in these countries are at the same level than in most Western European countries and Japan and are among the 20 safest countries globally. Of individual factors causing deaths asbestos appears to be the most significant one with an estimated 237,000 (184,000 – 290,000) work-related deaths. In workers' self-reported surveys carried out in 2007-2008, Hungarian and Singaporean non-fatal injury rates were also comparable. Later surveys showed increasing non-fatal trends and compensation sources indicated lower fatality trends. Background data for calculations and comparative tables are presented in separately available datasets by WHO regions and country and based on the 2014 ILO study. The authors concluded that health disorders at work are much less comparable than fatal injuries across countries and regions. Future studies can improve the estimates but there is no reason to wait for further research to start taking action to reduce both injuries and illnesses. Many work-related diseases, such as occupational cancers can be eliminated by reducing the exposures. Applying a mindset of Vision Zero and Zero Harm at work is needed for eliminating or radically reducing the burden of injuries and illnesses from work.

Source: Takala, J., Hämäläinen, P., Nenonen, N., Takahashi, K., Chimed-Ochir, O. et Rantanen, J. O. R. M. A. (2017). Cent. Eur. J. Occup. Environ. Med, 23, 6-31.

Quelles sont les évolutions récentes des conditions de travail et des risques psychosociaux ?

Les premiers résultats de la dernière enquête « Conditions de travail » conduite en 2016 font état d'une stabilisation des contraintes de rythme de travail et d'une baisse de certaines contraintes psychosociales (charge mentale en diminution, horaires moins contraignants, soutien social fort et stabilisation de la demande émotionnelle) qui s'accompagnent d'un recul des comportements hostiles. En revanche l'autonomie des salariés poursuit son recul. Les contraintes physiques sont globalement stabilisées à un niveau qui reste élevé.


ÉPICEA, une base de données sur les accidents du travail au service de la prévention

La base de données ÉPICEA recense des cas d'accidents du travail de salariés du régime général. Les données recueillies abordent le contexte de l'accident,son déroulement, sesconséquences et les mesures préconisées à la suite de l'analyse. La base peut être interrogée dans sa version " publique " sur internet, ou dans son intégralité par l'intermédiaire de l'INRS. Elle fournit des cas couvrant tous les risques professionnels. Cette information constitue une ressource précieuse pour des actions de sensibilisation en entreprise, de formation ou pour toute réflexion portant sur la prévention des accidents du travail.

Source: TIissot C. (2017). Références en santé au travail (152), 91-97.

Economic evaluations of ergonomic interventions preventing work-related musculoskeletal disorders

Systematic review of organizational-level interventions
Background: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD) represent a major public health problem and economic burden to employers, workers and health insurance systems. This systematic review had two objectives: (1) to analyze the cost-benefit results of organizational-level ergonomic workplace-based interventions aimed at preventing WMSD, (2) to explore factors related to the implementation process of these interventions (obstacles and facilitating factors) in order to identify whether economic results may be due to a successful or unsuccessful implementation.
Methods: Systematic review. Studies were searched in eight electronic databases and in reference lists of included studies. Companion papers were identified through backward and forward citation tracking. A quality assessment tool was developed following guidelines available in the literature. An integration of quantitative economic results and qualitative implementation data was conducted following an explanatory sequential design.
Results: Out of 189 records, nine studies met selection criteria and were included in our review. Out of nine included studies, grouped into four types of interventions, seven yielded positive economic results, one produced a negative result and one mixed results (negative cost-effectiveness and positive net benefit). However, the level of evidence was limited for the four types of interventions given the quality and the limited number of studies identified. Our review shows that among the nine included studies, negative and mixed economic results were observed when the dose delivered and received by participants was low, when the support from top and/or middle management was limited either due to limited participation of supervisors in training sessions or a lack of financial resources and when adequacy of intervention to workers' needs was low. In studies where economic results were positive, implementation data showed strong support from supervisors and a high rate of employee participation.
Conclusion: Studies investigating the determinants of financial outcomes of prevention related to implementation process are very seldom. We recommend that in future research economic evaluation should include information on the implementation process in order to permit the interpretation of economic results and enhance the generalizability of results. This is also necessary for knowledge transfer and utilization of research results for prevention-oriented decision-making in occupational health and safety.

Source: Sultan-Taïeb, H., Parent-Lamarche, A., Gaillard, A., Stock, S., Nicolakakis, N., Hong, Q. N., ... et Berthelette, D. (2017). BMC public health, 17(1), 935.

CNESST - Statistiques annuelles 2016

Ce document contient une série de tableaux et graphiques qui présentent les différentes activités de la CNESST au cours de l'année 2016, en regard des éléments de sa mission, soit la prévention-inspection, la réparation, le financement, les normes du travail et l'équité salariale.


Portrait des jeunes travailleurs de 24 ans ou moins - Année 2016

Ce rapport présente les statistiques de 2016 concernant la situation des jeunes travailleurs sur le plan de la santé et de la sécurité du travail. On y fait notamment état de la nature et de la fréquence des accidents dont les jeunes ont été victimes dans les différents secteurs d'activité.


Surveillance des expositions en laboratoire aux agents pathogènes humains et aux toxines au Canada en 2016

Contexte : Le Canada a récemment adopté un projet de loi autorisant la collecte de données sur les incidents en laboratoire mettant en cause un agent biologique. L'Agence de la santé publique du Canada (l'ASPC) est responsable de cette activité dans le cadre d'un programme national complet visant à protéger les Canadiens des risques pour la santé et la sécurité posés par les agents pathogènes humains et d'animaux terrestres ainsi que les toxines.
Objectif : Présenter les données sur les incidents d'exposition en laboratoire et les infections contractées en laboratoire au Canada, qui ont été recueillies au cours de la première année de collecte de données suivant l'entrée en vigueur du Règlement sur les agents pathogènes humains et les toxines.
Méthodologie : Les incidents survenus entre le 1er janvier et le 31 décembre 2016 ont été déclarés par les parties réglementées du gouvernement fédéral de l'ensemble du Canada au moyen d'un formulaire normalisé du système de surveillance de déclaration des incidents en laboratoire au Canada (DILC). Les incidents d'exposition ont été décrits par secteur, fréquence de survenue, délai de déclaration, nombre de personnes touchées, agents pathogènes humains et toxines en cause, causes et mesures correctives prises. Le programme Microsoft Excel 2010 a été utilisé pour les analyses descriptives de base.
Conclusions : Le système de surveillance de déclaration des incidents en laboratoire au Canada est l'un des premiers systèmes de surveillance au monde, qui recueille des données exhaustives sur les incidents
en laboratoire mettant en cause des agents pathogènes humains et des toxines. Les incidents d'exposition signalés au cours de la première année ont été relativement rares, survenant dans moins de 4 % des zones
de confinement des laboratoires.


Impact de l’allongement de la période de maturité des données sur les indicateurs de SST

L’Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail (IRSST) produit et publie depuis plusieurs années des indicateurs statistiques de santé et de sécurité du travail (fréquence, gravité, fréquence-gravité, coûts). Ceux-ci sont habituellement produits tous les 5 ans à l’aide de données administratives de la Commission des normes, de l’équité, de la santé et de la sécurité du travail (CNESST) qui ont, en moyenne, 3 ans de maturité. Les indicateurs sont donc élaborés à partir de données qui ne cumulent pas tous les effets des conséquences des lésions professionnelles. La production de ces indicateurs repose sur la présomption qu’une période de 3 ans de maturité est suffisamment longue pour dresser un portait représentatif de celui qu’on obtiendrait avec des données à pleine maturité tirées des dossiers d’indemnisation fermés. Notons également qu’il y a des considérations pratiques associées à l’utilisation de données ayant 3 ans de maturité, soit qu’il n’y ait pas un délai trop long entre les années de références de ces indicateurs et la réalité d’aujourd’hui.
La présente étude analyse, dans un premier temps, l’impact de l’utilisation de données d’une maturité plus longue, sur les indicateurs produits à l’IRSST. Ensuite, la stabilité des classements identifiant les groupes et problématiques cibles a été évaluée, à partir de ces mêmes indicateurs, afin de statuer sur le bien-fondé de l’utilisation de données dont la maturité atteint 3 ans.


Comparative performance monitoring report 19th Edition

Comparison of work health and safety and workers' compensation schèmes in Australia and New Zealand.


Linking Compensation and Health Surveillance Data Sets to Improve Knowledge of US Coal Miners’ Health

Objective: Increase knowledge of US coal miners’ respiratory health by linking data from the black lung benefits program (BLBP) and the coal workers’ health surveillance program (CWHSP).
Methods: BLBP claims data from 2000 through 2013 was linked to CWHSP data from 1970 through 2016.
Results: Overall, 273,644 miners participated in CWHSP, 37,548 in BLBP, and 22,903 in both programs. Median age of miners at their time of first/only participation in CWHSP was 28 and 32 years, respectively. BLBP claimants were older (median age 59). Thirty-nine percent of BLBP claimants had not participated in CWHSP. The relative contributions of states to participation differed between CWHSP and BLBP. For example, Kentucky miners accounted for 18% of CWHSP participants, but 36% of BLPB participants.
Conclusions: Many BLBP claimants never appeared in CWHSP, indicating missed opportunities for secondary prevention.

Source: Almberg, K. S., Cohen, R. A., Blackley, D. J., Laney, A. S., Storey, E., & Halldin, C. N. (2017). Journal of occupational and environmental medicine, 59(10), 930-934.

2017 Work and Well-Being Survey

At a time of change and uncertainty across the country, American adults who have been affected by change at work are more likely to report chronic work stress, less likely to trust their employer and more likely to say they plan to leave the organization within the next year compared with those who haven't been affected by organizational change, according to a survey released by the American Psychological Association.
Half of American workers (50 percent) say they have been affected by organizational changes in the last year, are currently being affected by organizational changes or expect to be affected by organizational changes in the next year, according to APA's 2017 Work and Well-Being Survey.


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