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How Can Supervisors Contribute to the Return to Work of Employees Who have Experienced Depression?
Background: In Western countries, work disability due to depression is a widespread problem that generates enormous costs. Objective: The goal of this study was to determine the types and prevalence of supervisor contributions during the different phases of the return-to-work (RTW) process (before and during the sick-leave absence, and during the RTW preparations) of employees diagnosed with depression. Moreover, we sought to determine which contributions actually facilitate employees' RTW, and to identify the work accommodations most frequently implemented by supervisors at the actual time...
La reconstruction professionnelle après un burnout
Pour continuer à s'intégrer dans une vie professionnelle et sociale, un cadre victime de burnout (épuisement professionnel) doit se reconstruire. L'analyse sociologique du parcours de reconstruction post-burnout permet de montrer que les étapes traversées par les victimes sont identiques. Cette même analyse met en évidence les places respectives de la centralité et du sens du travail qui ont un rôle essentiel dans l'identité professionnelle. Cet article propose aux médecins du travail et/ou aux gestionnaires...
Personal Resources and Support When Regaining the Ability to Work: An Interview Study with Exhaustion Disorder Patients
Purpose The aim of the study was to explore experiences and thoughts in the process of returning to work in employed patients with Exhaustion Disorder. Methods Twelve patients with Exhaustion Disorder (burnout) who had been referred to a Stress Rehabilitation Clinic were interviewed. All patients were employed but a majority was on full or part-time sick leave. Grounded Theory was used as the qualitative method. Results A core category, regaining the ability to work, was developed. Alongside, two categories, internal resources and the external support system, were experienced as being important...
Burnout and Behavior-Related Health Risk Factors: Results From the Population-Based Finnish Health 2000 Study
Ahola, Kirsi et coll. (2012). Burnout and Behavior-Related Health Risk Factors: Results From the Population-Based Finnish Health 2000 Study. Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine , 54(1): 17-22. Objective: To explore the relationship between burnout and behavior-related health risk factors. Methods: We collected data from a population-based sample ( n = 3264) through interviews, questionnaires, and health examinations. Burnout was assessed using the Maslach Burnout Inventory—General Survey. Smoking, alcohol consumption, and leisure-time physical activity were self-reported...
Job burnout and job wornout as risk factors for long-term sickness absence
Objective: Contingent self-esteem has been assumed to be a risk for burnout-related disorders, and a contingent self-worth notion of job burnout was applied to study the prospective relationship between job burnout and registered episodes of sickness absence of ? 60 consecutive days. Methods: Job burnout was defined as being in the high quartiles on the Maslach Burnout Inventory – General Survey (MBI-GS) scales of exhaustion and cynicism and, in addition, as being above the median on a scale for performance-based self-esteem. Another high exhaustion-cynicism group, a "job wornout"...
Impact of Burnout and Psychosocial Work Characteristics on Future Long-Term Sickness Absence
titre complet: Impact of Burnout and Psychosocial Work Characteristics on Future Long-Term Sickness Absence. Prospective Results of the Danish PUMA Study Among Human Service Workers. Objectives: The objective of this study was to examine if burnout and psychosocial factors predicted long-term sickness absence (>2 weeks) at work unit level. Methods: Data were collected prospectively at 82-work units in human services (PUMA cohort, PUMA: Danish acronym for Burnout, Motivation and Job satisfaction) followed up during the proceeding 18 months regarding onset of long-term sickness absence. Questionnaire...
Occupational burnout as a predictor of disability pension: a population-based cohort study
Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate whether burnout predicts new disability pension at population level during a follow-up of approximately 4 years. The diagnosis for which the disability pension was granted was also examined in relation to the level of burnout. Methods: We used a population-based cohort sample (n = 3125) of 30–60-year-old employees from an epidemiological health study, the Health 2000 Study, gathered during 2000–2001 in Finland. The data collection comprised an interview, a clinical health examination including a standardised mental health interview...
The relationship between burnout and musculoskeletal pain in seven Norwegian occupational groups
Occupational and gender differences were investigated in the relationship between burnout and musculoskeletal pain in the head, neck, shoulders, and back. Representative samples of lawyers, physicians, nurses, teachers, church ministers, bus drivers, and information technology workers in Norway (N = 4507) were analyzed using structural equation modeling. The exhaustion dimension of burnout was positively associated with musculoskeletal pain in all groups, and the strength of the relationship ranged from moderate to strong. The disengagement dimension of burnout was negatively associated with musculoskeletal...

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