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Association of hip osteoarthritis and manual handling of loads over 20 kg
Physically loading work factors may play a considerable role in the development of hip osteoarthritis. Recurrent work-related manual handling of workloads over 20 kg was associated with hip osteoarthritis in both genders between the ages of 30 and 97. The risk was visible after 12 years' exposure. These results are based on a study of the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Kuopio University Hospital, University of Eastern Finland and National Institute for Health and Welfare. There were a nationally representative sample of 3110 Finnish men and 3446 women in the study. Source : Kaila...
Back Injury Trajectories in Heavy Industries: Defining Outcomes for Epidemiological Research
Objective: To propose an incidence definition of back injury for epidemiologic studies using health care contacts. Methods: Medical services, hospitalizations, and workers' compensation data were linked for a longitudinal database of health care contacts among a cohort of heavy-industry workers for trajectory, group-based analysis. Results: During follow-up, 25.8% of workers had no health care contacts for back injury. Among workers with at least one contact, four trajectories were identified: one with a high probability of back injury during follow-up and three with episodic trajectories of...
Epidemiology of Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common joint disorder in the United States. Symptomatic knee OA occurs in 10% men and 13% in women aged 60 years or older. The number of people affected with symptomatic OA is likely to increase due to the aging of the population and the obesity epidemic. OA has a multifactorial etiology, and can be considered the product of an interplay between systemic and local factors. Old age, female gender, overweight and obesity, knee injury, repetitive use of joints, bone density, muscle weakness, and joint laxity all play roles in the development of joint OA, particularly...
Has the Prevalence of Invalidating Musculoskeletal Pain Changed Over the Last 15 Years (1993–2006)? A Spanish Population-Based Survey
The aim of the current study was to estimate the prevalence and time trend of invalidating musculoskeletal pain in the Spanish population and its association with socio-demographic factors, lifestyle habits, self-reported health status, and comorbidity with other diseases analyzing data from 1993-2006 Spanish National Health Surveys (SNHS). We analyzed individualized data taken from the SNHS conducted in 1993 (n = 20,707), 2001 (n = 21,058), 2003 (n = 21,650) and 2006 (n = 29,478). Invalidating musculoskeletal pain was defined as pain suffered from the preceding 2 weeks that decreased main working...

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