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Physical capacity, occupational physical demands, and relative physical strain of older employees in construction and healthcare
Purpose To assess age-related differences in physical capacity, occupational physical demands, and relative physical strain at a group level, and the balance between capacity and demands at an individual level, for construction and healthcare workers. Methods Shoulder strength, back strength, and aerobic capacity were assessed among construction ( n  = 62) and healthcare workers ( n  = 64). During a full working day, accelerometers estimated upper-arm elevation, trunk flexion, and occupational physical activity as indicators of occupational physical demands. Simultaneously...
Quels sont les facilitateurs du maintien en emploi en santé des travailleurs seniors dans un milieu d’éducation au Québec?
Le pourcentage de travailleurs seniors âgés de 45 ans et plus augmente sans cesse sur le marché du travail au Québec. Dans le secteur de l'éducation, une large portion de la main-d'œuvre est âgée de 45 ans et plus (41 %) et un tiers du personnel aura quitté son poste entre 2009 et 2018 (Grenier, 2009). Des statistiques récentes montrent aussi que les lésions tant de nature physique que psychologique des travailleurs québécois du secteur de l'éducation sont souvent associées à...
Comparing the Relationship Between Age and Length of Disability Across Common Chronic Conditions
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the association between age and disability length across common chronic conditions. Methods: Analysis of 39,915 nonwork-related disability claims with a diagnosis of arthritis, diabetes, hypertension, coronary artery disease, depression, low back pain, chronic pulmonary disease, or cancer. Ordinary least squares regression models examined age-length of disability association across chronic conditions. Results: Arthritis (76.6 days), depression (63.2 days), and cancer (64.9 days) were associated with longest mean disability lengths; hypertension was...
Rehabilitation and return to work
An analysis of EU and Member State systems and programmes Against the backdrop of the ageing workforce, this report gives an overview of the approaches taken to rehabilitation and return to work throughout Europe. It analyses the factors that influence whether rehabilitation and return-to-work systems are developed and implemented in countries, and it goes on to identify particular success factors of these systems in Europe. It concludes by discussing the policy-relevant findings, and identifying areas where additional research is required to bridge the current knowledge gaps. Source: https://osha...
Predictors of permanent work disability among =50-year-old patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention
Objectives: This study aimed to describe the incidence and periprocedural predictors of permanent work disability (PWD) pension among patients ≤50 years old who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: Patient records of 910 consecutive patients undergoing PCI at four Finnish hospitals in 2002–2012 were reviewed for baseline and procedural data and late adverse events. Data on permanent work disability (PWD) pension allocation were acquired from the Finnish Centre for Pensions, which governs the statutory pension security in Finland. Results: Mean follow-up was 41 ...
Les documents de la conférence «Safer and healthier work at any age» sont disponibles en ligne
Une conférence portant sur la sécurité et la santé au travail des travailleurs âgés s'est tenue au Parlement européen en décembre. La manifestation était organisée dans le cadre d'un projet pilote du Parlement européen mené par l'EU-OSHA à la demande de la Commission européenne, lequel a pour objectif d'améliorer les connaissances au sujet des politiques et programmes actuels, de stimuler l'échange de meilleures pratiques et d'examiner plus en détail les...
Impact of pre-existing chronic conditions on age differences in sickness absence after a musculoskeletal work injury
A path analysis approach Objectives: This study aims to examine the extent to which a greater prevalence of pre-existing chronic conditions among older workers explains why older age is associated with longer duration of sickness absence (SA) following a musculoskeletal work-related injury in British Columbia. Methods: A secondary analysis of workers' compensation claims in British Columbia over three time periods (1997–1998; 2001–2002, and 2005–2006), the study comprised 102 997 and 53 882 claims among men and women, respectively. Path models examined the relationships between...
Short-term goal attainment of in-patient rehabilitation in Germany and long-term risk of early retirement in patients with musculoskeletal diseases: results from a prospective 5-year follow-up study
Purpose: Occupational consequences of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are consistently found in epidemiological studies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of various short-term rehabilitation outcome parameters on early retirement in Germany. Method : In a prospective multi-centre cohort study of self-rated patient status, physician chosen therapy goals and attainment were measured by means of standardized questionnaires at the beginning and end of medical rehabilitation. Information with regard to disability was collected by self-report over a 5-year follow-up period...
Prognostic Factors for Recovery in Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain: A Systematic Review
Verkerk, Karin (2012). Prognostic Factors for Recovery in Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain: A Systematic Review . Physical Therapy (sous presse, version électronique) Background Few data are available on predictors for a favorable outcome in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain (CNLBP). Purpose To assess prognostic factors for pain intensity, disability, return to work, quality of life, or global perceived effect in patients with CNLBP at short-term (≤ 6 months) and long-term (> 6 months) follow-up. Data Sources Relevant studies evaluating the prognosis of CNLBP were searched...
Association of Returning to Work With Better Health in Working-Aged Adults
A Systematic Review Objectives. We systematically reviewed the literature on the impact of returning to work on health among working-aged adults. Methods. We searched 6 electronic databases in 2005. We selected longitudinal studies that documented a transition from unemployment to employment and included a comparison group. Two reviewers independently appraised the retrieved literature for potential relevance and methodological quality. Results. Eighteen studies met our inclusion criteria, including 1 randomized controlled trial. Fifteen studies revealed a beneficial effect of returning to work...
Pain Catastrophizing and Pain-related Emotions: Influence of Age and Type of Pain
Ruscheweyh, Ruth et al. (2011). Pain Catastrophizing and Pain-related Emotions: Influence of Age and Type of Pain. Clinical Journal of Pain , 27 (7): 578–586. Objectives: One of the most important determinants of the individual pain experience is pain catastrophizing, reflecting an excessively negative cognitive and emotional orientation toward pain. Its assessment by standard questionnaires, which ask participants to reflect on idiosyncratic past painful experiences, is important. It is currently not known whether different types of pain differently shape pain catastrophizing. Furthermore...
Disability-Free Life Expectancy: A Cross-National Comparison Among Bulgarian, Italian, and Latin American Older Population
Minuchi, Nadie et al. (2011). Disability-Free Life Expectancy: A Cross-National Comparison Among Bulgarian, Italian, and Latin American Older Population. Journal of Aging & Health , 23 (4): 629-681. Objective: To present sociodemographic and health status harmonized variables constructed to evaluate cross-national differences in term of Disability Free Life Expectancy (DFLE) across different surveys. Method: The study comprises national surveys conducted in Bulgaria, Italy, and Latin America and the Caribbean. A homogeneous group of health determinants for the older population was created and...
Chronic Diseases and Functional Limitations Among Older Construction Workers in the United States: A 10-Year Follow-up Study
Dong, Xiuwen Sue et al. (2011). Chronic Diseases and Functional Limitations Among Older Construction Workers in the United States: A 10-Year Follow-up Study. Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine , 53 (4): 372–380. Objectives: To examine the health status of older construction workers in the United States, and how occupation and the aging process affect health in workers' later years. Methods: We analyzed six waves (1998 to 2008) of the Health and Retirement Study, a longitudinal survey of US residents age 50+. The study sample totaled 7200 male workers (510 in construction...
10 fiches action pour l'emploi des seniors
Maintien et retour en activité professionnelle des seniors Ce guide pour l'action est composé de 10 fiches. Il permet de définir la politique de maintien en activité des seniors dans votre entreprise (fiches 1, 2 et 10). Il décrit des actions mises en oeuvre par des entreprises pour recruter et maintenir en emploi des seniors. Ces démarches s'organisent autour de trois grands leviers d'action : préserver la santé (fiches 3 et 4), développer les compétences (fiches 5, 6 et 7), et favoriser l'engagement au travail...
Les bonnes pratiques des entreprises en matière de maintien et de retour en activité professionnelle des seniors en Nord - Pas de Calais
Cette étude a pour thème les bonnes pratiques des entreprises en matière de maintien et de retour en activité professionnelle des seniors. Les actions conduites dans 40 entreprises dont 10 en Nord Pas de Calais, ont été recensées, décrites qualifiées de manière en tirer des enseignements, lesquels sont à certaines conditions, généralisables et transposables à d'autres entreprises, dans une perspective d'allongement de la vie professionnelle. Ce rapport présente les enseignements de l'étude...

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