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Physical capacity, occupational physical demands, and relative physical strain of older employees in construction and healthcare
Purpose To assess age-related differences in physical capacity, occupational physical demands, and relative physical strain at a group level, and the balance between capacity and demands at an individual level, for construction and healthcare workers. Methods Shoulder strength, back strength, and aerobic capacity were assessed among construction ( n  = 62) and healthcare workers ( n  = 64). During a full working day, accelerometers estimated upper-arm elevation, trunk flexion, and occupational physical activity as indicators of occupational physical demands. Simultaneously...
Quels sont les facilitateurs du maintien en emploi en santé des travailleurs seniors dans un milieu d’éducation au Québec?
Le pourcentage de travailleurs seniors âgés de 45 ans et plus augmente sans cesse sur le marché du travail au Québec. Dans le secteur de l'éducation, une large portion de la main-d'œuvre est âgée de 45 ans et plus (41 %) et un tiers du personnel aura quitté son poste entre 2009 et 2018 (Grenier, 2009). Des statistiques récentes montrent aussi que les lésions tant de nature physique que psychologique des travailleurs québécois du secteur de l'éducation sont souvent associées à...
Les documents de la conférence «Safer and healthier work at any age» sont disponibles en ligne
Une conférence portant sur la sécurité et la santé au travail des travailleurs âgés s'est tenue au Parlement européen en décembre. La manifestation était organisée dans le cadre d'un projet pilote du Parlement européen mené par l'EU-OSHA à la demande de la Commission européenne, lequel a pour objectif d'améliorer les connaissances au sujet des politiques et programmes actuels, de stimuler l'échange de meilleures pratiques et d'examiner plus en détail les...
Introduction to the Special Section: Sustainability of Work with Chronic Health Conditions
Background The increasing prevalence of older workers and chronic health conditions represents a growing occupational health concern. More research is needed to understand risk factors, apply and adapt theories, and test workplace-focused interventions that might prevent work disability and disengagement among chronically ill workers. Methods A 2-h roundtable symposium involving 28 participants was held at an international conference (Second Scientific Conference on Work Disability Prevention & Integration, Groningen, The Netherlands) in October 2012. In that symposium, small groups of participants...
The quest for greater flexibility: Creative innovations for workers with arthritis
Arthritis is a leading cause of disability among adults, and it often affects them in the prime of their career. How it’s approached in the workplace can make all the difference, according to a new study by an adjunct scientist at the Institute for Work & Health. An accessible and supportive workplace is the litmus test as to whether a person with arthritis can continue working. This is the implication of a study led by Institute for Work & Health (IWH) Adjunct Scientist Dr. Monique Gignac, which explored the sometimes mercurial combination of arthritis and work. Gignac and her team...
Disability-Free Life Expectancy: A Cross-National Comparison Among Bulgarian, Italian, and Latin American Older Population
Minuchi, Nadie et al. (2011). Disability-Free Life Expectancy: A Cross-National Comparison Among Bulgarian, Italian, and Latin American Older Population. Journal of Aging & Health , 23 (4): 629-681. Objective: To present sociodemographic and health status harmonized variables constructed to evaluate cross-national differences in term of Disability Free Life Expectancy (DFLE) across different surveys. Method: The study comprises national surveys conducted in Bulgaria, Italy, and Latin America and the Caribbean. A homogeneous group of health determinants for the older population was created and...
Chronic Diseases and Functional Limitations Among Older Construction Workers in the United States: A 10-Year Follow-up Study
Dong, Xiuwen Sue et al. (2011). Chronic Diseases and Functional Limitations Among Older Construction Workers in the United States: A 10-Year Follow-up Study. Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine , 53 (4): 372–380. Objectives: To examine the health status of older construction workers in the United States, and how occupation and the aging process affect health in workers' later years. Methods: We analyzed six waves (1998 to 2008) of the Health and Retirement Study, a longitudinal survey of US residents age 50+. The study sample totaled 7200 male workers (510 in construction...
The impact of ill health on exit from paid employment in Europe among older workers
Objective To determine the impact of ill health on exit from paid employment in Europe among older workers. Methods Participants of the Survey on Health and Ageing in Europe (SHARE) in 11 European countries in 2004 and 2006 were selected when 50–63 years old and in paid employment at baseline (n=4611). Data were collected on self-rated health, chronic diseases, mobility limitations, obesity, smoking, alcohol use, physical activity and work characteristics. Participants were classified into employed, retired, unemployed and disabled at the end of the 2-year follow-up. Multinomial logistic...
Seeking a balance between employment and the care of an ageing parent
A growing number of middle-aged people are engaged in informal care of their parents while employed. To provide support as employers, co-workers or staff, health care professionals need insight into the experiences of people managing these responsibilities. Aim:  To elucidate the experience of providing informal care to an ageing parent while managing the responsibilities of a working life. Methods:  Narrative interviews were performed with 11 persons with experience of the phenomenon. Transcribed interviews were analysed with phenomenological hermeneutics. Ethics:  Informed consent...
Influence of Health and Work on Early Retirement
Objective: The influence of health and work on early retirement and incentives for longer working were determined. Methods: A systematic review was conducted of longitudinal studies on factors for nondisability early retirement. Besides, seven focus group interviews ( n = 32) were conducted about reasons for planning retirement early and incentives to stay longer in work among workers with poor and excellent work ability. Results: Eight longitudinal studies showed that important factors for early retirement were poor health, being single, high physical work demands, high work pressure, low job...
10 fiches action pour l'emploi des seniors
Maintien et retour en activité professionnelle des seniors Ce guide pour l'action est composé de 10 fiches. Il permet de définir la politique de maintien en activité des seniors dans votre entreprise (fiches 1, 2 et 10). Il décrit des actions mises en oeuvre par des entreprises pour recruter et maintenir en emploi des seniors. Ces démarches s'organisent autour de trois grands leviers d'action : préserver la santé (fiches 3 et 4), développer les compétences (fiches 5, 6 et 7), et favoriser l'engagement au travail...
Les bonnes pratiques des entreprises en matière de maintien et de retour en activité professionnelle des seniors en Nord - Pas de Calais
Cette étude a pour thème les bonnes pratiques des entreprises en matière de maintien et de retour en activité professionnelle des seniors. Les actions conduites dans 40 entreprises dont 10 en Nord Pas de Calais, ont été recensées, décrites qualifiées de manière en tirer des enseignements, lesquels sont à certaines conditions, généralisables et transposables à d'autres entreprises, dans une perspective d'allongement de la vie professionnelle. Ce rapport présente les enseignements de l'étude...
Older workers: An exploration of the benefits, barriers and adaptations for older people in the workforce
The continuation of older people in the paid workforce is regarded as beneficial for both the economy and older workers. While there have been attempts to encourage older people to continue working, little is understood about older workers' perspectives. This qualitative study explored the lived experiences and perceptions of paid workers aged 60 years and older with the aim of understanding why older people continue to work and the barriers and facilitators they encounter. Sixteen older Australians (eight males and eight females, mean age 67 years) who participated in paid employment for at...
Self-Management Strategies to Reduce Pain and Improve Function among Older Adults in Community Settings: A Review of the Evidence
Context. Self-management strategies for pain hold substantial promise as a means of reducing pain and improving function among older adults with chronic pain, but their use in this age group has not been well defined. Objective. To review the evidence regarding self-management interventions for pain due to musculoskeletal disorders among older adults. Design. We searched the Medline and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature databases to identify relevant articles for review and analyzed English-language articles that presented outcome data on pain, function, and/or other relevant...
Job strain and older workers: Can a reduction in job strain help to eliminate the Social Security drain?
Job strain is the psychological and physiological response to a lack of control or support in the work environment. It appears to be an important risk factor for continued employment throughout the lifespan. Reducing job strain earlier in a workers life has the potential to have substantial beneficial health effects throughout a workers life. Early screening for job strain should be implemented in known high risk or high strain jobs. This is particularly important since there a fewer younger workers entering the labor force and there will be a growing need for older workers to remain in the workforce...
Age and Disability Employment Discrimination: Occupational Rehabilitation Implications
As concerns grow that a thinning labor force due to retirement will lead to worker shortages, it becomes critical to support positive employment outcomes of groups who have been underutilized, specifically older workers and workers with disabilities. Better understanding perceived age and disability discrimination and their intersection can help rehabilitation specialists and employers address challenges expected as a result of the evolving workforce. Methods Using U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Integrated Mission System data, we investigate the nature of employment discrimination...
Towards a comprehensive approach for managing transitions of older workers with hearing loss
Demographic and legislative trends suggest that many older workers may remain at work past the traditional retirement age. This extended work trajectory poses new challenges and opportunities for workers with acquired hearing loss as they age. Workplaces require a new approach to enable transitions of older workers with hearing loss to remain safe and productive. A review of the literature on older workers, those with hearing loss, and strategies used to accommodate them suggests that individualized and piecemeal approaches are predominant. While universal design represents a fresh ideology that...
Identification of recruitment and retention strategies for rehabilitation professionals in Ontario, Canada: results from expert panels
Demand for rehabilitation services is expected to increase due to factors such as an aging population, workforce pressures, rise in chronic and complex multi-system disorders, advances in technology, and changes in interprofessional health service delivery models. However,health human resource (HHR) strategies for Canadian rehabilitation professionals are lagging behind other professional groups such as physicians and nurses. The objectives of this study were: 1) to identify recruitment and retention strategies of rehabilitation professionals including occupational therapists, physical therapists...

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