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Return to work following road accidents: Factors associated with late work resumption
Objective: To analyse factors associated with late return to work in road accident victims. Materials and methods: The ESPARR cohort comprises road accident victims monitored over time from initiation of hospital care. A total of 608 ESPARR cohort subjects were working at the time of their accident and answered questionnaires at 6 months and/or 1 year. For each level of overall severity of injury (Maximum – Abbreviated Injury Scale (M-AIS) 1, 2, 3 and 4–5), a time-off-work threshold was defined, beyond which the subject was deemed to be a late returner; 179 subjects were considered...
Relationship between competency in activities, injury severity, and post-concussion symptoms after traumatic brain injury
Objective : To determine to what extent injury severity and post-concussion symptoms after 3 months predict ability in activities 12 months after traumatic brain injury (TBI) and assess the frequency of problems in daily activities. Methods : A one-year cohort of 63 persons with mild to severe TBI was assessed on admission, after three and 12 months. Injury severity was assessed using the Glasgow Coma Scale, Abbreviated Injury Scale for the head and Injury Severity Score. Post-concussion symptoms were reported using the Rivermead Post Concussion Symptoms Questionnaire after three months. The Patient...
Determinants of return to work following non life threatening acute orthopaedic trauma: a prospective cohort study
OBJECTIVE: To determine factors associated with return to work following acute non-life-threatening orthopaedic trauma. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and sixty-eight participants were recruited and followed for 6 months. The study achieved 89% participant follow-up. METHODS: Baseline data were obtained by survey and medical record review. Participants were further surveyed at 2 weeks, 3 and 6 months post-injury. Logistic regression was used to examine the association between potential predictors and first return to work by these 3 time-points. RESULTS: Sixty-eight...
Bio-psychosocial determinants of time lost from work following non life threatening acute orthopaedic trauma
Background: To determine factors predicting the duration of time away from work following acute orthopaedic non life threatening trauma. Methods: Prospective cohort study conducted at four hospitals in Victoria, Australia. The cohort comprised 168 patients aged 18-64 years who were working prior to the injury and sustained a range of acute unintentional orthopaedic injuries resulting in hospitalization Baseline data was obtained by survey and medical record review. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis was used to examine the association between potential predictors and the...

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