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Chronic Diseases and Functional Limitations Among Older Construction Workers in the United States: A 10-Year Follow-up Study
Dong, Xiuwen Sue et al. (2011). Chronic Diseases and Functional Limitations Among Older Construction Workers in the United States: A 10-Year Follow-up Study. Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine , 53 (4): 372–380. Objectives: To examine the health status of older construction workers in the United States, and how occupation and the aging process affect health in workers' later years. Methods: We analyzed six waves (1998 to 2008) of the Health and Retirement Study, a longitudinal survey of US residents age 50+. The study sample totaled 7200 male workers (510 in construction...
Job burnout and job wornout as risk factors for long-term sickness absence
Objective: Contingent self-esteem has been assumed to be a risk for burnout-related disorders, and a contingent self-worth notion of job burnout was applied to study the prospective relationship between job burnout and registered episodes of sickness absence of ? 60 consecutive days. Methods: Job burnout was defined as being in the high quartiles on the Maslach Burnout Inventory – General Survey (MBI-GS) scales of exhaustion and cynicism and, in addition, as being above the median on a scale for performance-based self-esteem. Another high exhaustion-cynicism group, a "job wornout"...
The influence of work and treatment related factors on clinical status and disability in patients with non-specific work-related upper limb disorders
Objective: To assess the influence of work- and treatment-related factors on clinical status and functional disability in patients with non-specific work-related upper limb disorders (WRULD). Participants: 182 computer workers with non-specific WRULD, 18–50 years old, not having specific WRULD nor incomplete medical records. Methods: Retrospective cohort study among computer workers with non-specific WRULD; average follow-up 4 years. Medical records at time of diagnosis and during treatment period and a follow-up questionnaire were used. Setting: Outpatient department of Rehabilitation Medicine...
Sleep Disturbances as a Predictor of Cause-Specific Work Disability and Delayed Return to Work
Study Objective: To examine sleep disturbances as a predictor of cause-specific work disability and delayed return to work. Design: Prospective observational cohort study linking survey data on sleep disturbances with records of work disability (≥ 90 days sickness absence, disability pension, or death) obtained from national registers. Setting: Public sector employees in Finland. Participants: 56,732 participants (mean age 44.4 years, 80% female), who were at work and free of work disability at the study inception. Measurements and Results: During a mean follow-up of 3.3 years, incident diagnosis...
Work disability prevention in rural healthcare workers
Approximately 20% of healthcare workers in high-income countries such as Australia, Canada and the USA work in rural areas. Healthcare workers are known to be vulnerable to occupational injury and poor work disability outcomes; given their rural–urban distribution, it is possible to compare work disability prevention in rural and urban areas. However, little attention has been paid to work disability prevention issues specific to rural workers, including rural healthcare workers. A comprehensive review of the literature was conducted to identify rural–urban differences in work disability...
Predictors of lost time from work among nursing personnel who sought treatment for back pain
Objective: To examine possible predictors of lost workdays among nurses and nurses' aides who sought treatment for work-related back pain. Participants: Nursing staff employed at a tertiary care medical center over a 13-year time period (1994 through 2006). Methods: We used existing data from clinic surveys administered to nursing personnel during their initial treatment visit to the hospital's occupational health clinic. Predictors of losing ? 7 and ? 8 workdays was examined. Results: 589 of 708 (83%) nursing personnel with complaints of work-related back pain completed the survey, with...
Prevalence of arm, shoulder and neck symptoms, risk factors and sick leave in computer workers
Titre complet: Effectiveness of a questionnaire based intervention programme on the prevalence of arm, shoulder and neck symptoms, risk factors and sick leave in computer workers: A cluster randomised controlled trial in an occupational setting Arm, shoulder and neck symptoms are very prevalent among computer workers. In an attempt to reduce these symptoms, a large occupational health service in the Netherlands developed a preventive programme on exposure to risk factors, prevalence of arm, shoulder and neck symptoms, and sick leave in computer workers. The purpose of this study was to assess the...
Experience of Health Complaints and Help Seeking Behavior in Employees Screened for Depressive Complaints and Risk of Future Sickness Absence
The aim of this study was to examine the associations between on the one hand depressive complaints and risk of future sickness absence and on the other hand experience of health complaints and help seeking behavior in the working population. Methods Cross-sectional data were used from employees working in the banking sector ( n = 8,498). The screening instrument included measures to examine the risk of future sickness absence, depressive complaints and help seeking behavior. Results Of employees reporting health complaints, approximately 80% had already sought help for these complaints. Experience...
Correlates of Upper Extremity Disability in Medical Transcriptionists
Objective To investigate the association between disability and personal/lifestyle, medical, and psychosocial risk factors for upper extremity musculoskeletal symptoms and disorders (UEMSDs) in medical transcriptionists. Methods A web-based survey involving the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) and Overall Job Satisfaction (OJS) questionnaires of all medical transcriptionists working at a large healthcare facility. Results Responses were received from 80% (251 of 314) possible participants. Mean DASH, PSS, and OJS scores for those working at their current...
Occupational Safety and Health Interventions to Reduce Musculoskeletal Symptoms in the Health Care Sector
Introduction Health care work is dangerous and multiple interventions have been tested to reduce the occupational hazards. Methods A systematic review of the literature used a best evidence synthesis approach to address the general question “Do occupational safety and health interventions in health care settings have an effect on musculoskeletal health status?” This was followed by an evaluation of the effectiveness of specific interventions. Results The initial search identified 8,465 articles, for the period 1980–2006, which were reduced to 16 studies based on content and quality...
A Systematic Review of Workplace Ergonomic Interventions with Economic Analyses
Introduction This article reports on a systematic review of workplace ergonomic interventions with economic evaluations. The review sought to answer the question: “what is the credible evidence that incremental investment in ergonomic interventions is worth undertaking?” Past efforts to synthesize evidence from this literature have focused on effectiveness, whereas this study synthesizes evidence on the cost-effectiveness/financial merits of such interventions. Methods Through a structured journal database search, 35 intervention studies were identified in nine industrial sectors. A...
Review of sickness absence data in the waste and recycling industry
While injury rates have been calculated and reduced in the waste and recycling industry in recent years (HSE Research Report 701), little is known about the prevalence of ill health for this industry. The main objective of this project was to review sickness absence data for the industry and provide estimates of the occupational ill health rate and the annual number of days absent from work. Source: http://news.hse.gov.uk/2009/10/22/rr750-review-of-sickness-absence-data-in-the-waste-and-recycling-industry/

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