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Étude des qualités psychométriques de l’Outil d’identification de la situation de handicap au travail (OISHT) utilisé auprès de travailleurs ayant un trouble musculosquelettique ou un trouble mental courant
L'outil d'identification de la situation de handicap au travail (OISHT) consiste en une entrevue structurée qui a été développée pour aider les cliniciens à identifier de façon systématique les facteurs liés à l'incapacité au travail. L'OISHT est un des rares outils disponibles en réadaptation pour la clientèle en phase chronique d'incapacité au travail. Il tient compte de l'influence de différents systèmes (personnel, santé, travail, indemnisation) et a...
Validation of the Readiness for Return-To-Work Scale in outpatient occupational rehabilitation in Canada
Purpose: To examine construct and concurrent validity of the Readiness for Return-To-Work (RRTW) Scale with injured workers participating in an outpatient occupational rehabilitation program. Methods: Lost-time claimants (n = 389) with sub-acute or chronic musculoskeletal disorders completed the RRTW Scale on their first day of their occupational rehabilitation program. Statistical analysis included exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses of the readiness items, reliability analyses, and correlation with related scales and questionnaires. Results: For claimants in the non-job...
The capability set for work
Development and validation of a new questionnaire Objectives: The aim of this study was to develop a questionnaire to measure work capabilities based on Amartya Sen's capability approach and evaluate its validity. Methods: The development of the questionnaire was based on a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods: interviews, literature study, and an expert meeting. Additionally, in a survey, the validity was evaluated by means of hypotheses testing (using correlations and regression analyses). Results: The questionnaire consists of a set of seven capability aspects for work. For...
How can a brief intervention contribute to coping with back pain?
A focus group study about participants' expériences Background: Our aim was to explore how individuals who had participated in a brief back and neck pain intervention perceived connections between the intervention and their subsequent coping. Methods: Three focus group discussions were conducted with a sample of ten employees aged 20–67 years, who had participated in a brief intervention for back and neck pain, perceived the intervention as helpful and had returned or remained at work subsequent to the intervention. Participants were invited to share stories of how the intervention...
Screening manual and office workers for risk of long-term sickness absence
Cut-off points for the Work Ability Index Objectives : The aim of this study was to investigate the Work Ability Index (WAI) as a tool to screen for risk of different durations of long-term sickness absence (LTSA) among manual and office workers. Methods : The prospective study comprised a cohort of 3049 (1710 manual and 1339 office) workers participating in occupational health surveys between 2010–2012. The survey date was set as baseline and incident LTSA episodes of different duration (>14, >28, >42, >60, and >90 days) were retrieved from an occupational health register...
Dose–response relation between perceived physical exertion during healthcare work and risk of long-term sickness absence
Objective : An imbalance between physical work demands and physical capacity of the worker may be a risk factor for poor health. Perceived physical exertion provides information about the individual perception of the work demands relative to the capacity to perform the work. This study estimates the risk for long-term sickness absence (LTSA) from perceived physical exertion among healthcare workers. Methods : This prospective cohort study comprises 8592 Danish healthcare workers who responded to a baseline questionnaire in 2004–2005, and subsequently were followed for one year in the Danish...
Prognostic value of self-reported work ability and performance-based lifting tests for sustainable return to work among construction workers
Objective : This study aims to evaluate whether performance-based tests have additional prognostic value over self-reported work ability for sustainable return to work (RTW) in physically demanding work. Methods : A one-year prospective cohort study was performed among 72 construction workers on sick leave for six weeks due to musculoskeletal disorders. The Work Ability Index (WAI) question regarding “current work ability” was used. Three dynamic lifting tests were used from a Functional Capacity Evaluation (FCE). Sustainable RTW was the number of days on sick leave until the first...
Work Disability, Work, and Justification Bias in Europe and the U.S.
To analyze the effect of health on work, many studies use a simple self-assessed health measure based upon a question such as “do you have an impairment or health problem limiting the kind or amount of work you can do?” A possible drawback of such a measure is the possibility that different groups of respondents may use different response scales. This is commonly referred to as “differential item functioning” (DIF). A specific form of DIF is justification bias: to justify the fact that they don't work, non-working respondents may classify a given health problem as a...
High nerve injury pain predicts upper extremity disability
When people suffer nerve injuries of the shoulder, arm and hand, their degree of recovery is usually based on tests measuring their functioning. These tests measure how they feel and move (their sensory and motor functions). Patients' own accounts of how well they are doing are not usually assessed. This study aimed to learn more about self-reports of health and well-being among patients with upper extremity nerve injuries, and to find out if these reports predicted greater disability. http://www.iwh.on.ca/highlights/high-nerve-injury-pain-predicts-upper-extremity-disability
Prognostic Factors for Intervention Effect on Neck/Shoulder Symptom Intensity and Disability among Female Computer Workers
It has been suggested that treatments may be more effective when they are matched to patient characteristics. This study aimed at investigating potential prognostic factors for clinically relevant improvement in symptom intensity and symptom-related disability among employees with symptoms in the neck/shoulder area, receiving either ergonomics counseling or such counseling in combination with myofeedback training. A randomized controlled study was performed among female computer users aged 45 or older ( n = 36). A clinical examination and a questionnaire survey were performed before inclusion in...

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