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Workplace social capital and risk of long-term sickness absence
Are associations modified by occupational grade? BACKGROUND: Workplace social capital (WSC) is an emerging topic among both work environment professionals and researchers. We examined (i) whether high WSC protected against risk of long-term sickness absence (LTSA) in a random sample of the Danish workforce during a 1-year follow-up and (ii) whether the association of WSC with sickness absence was modified by occupational grade. METHODS: We measured WSC by self-report in a cohort of 3075 employees and linked responses to a national register of sickness absence. We calculated hazard ratios (HRs)...
The Effect of Social Support Features and Gamification on a Web-Based Intervention for Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients
Randomized Controlled Trial Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is chronic systematic disease that affects people during the most productive period of their lives. Web-based health interventions have been effective in many studies; however, there is little evidence and few studies showing the effectiveness of online social support and especially gamification on patients' behavioral and health outcomes. Objective: The aim of this study was to look into the effects of a Web-based intervention that included online social support features and gamification on physical activity, health care utilization...
After the storm: the social relations of return to work following electrical injury
In this study, we explored the experiences of 13 individuals who had suffered an electrical injury at work and had subsequently returned to work. In this article, we report on the social, institutional, and relational elements that workers perceived to influence return to work experiences and the provision of workplace accommodations. These elements included (a) worker resources, (b) job characteristics, (c) workplace setting, (d) injury elements, (e) workers' compensation context, and (f) supports and advocacy provided. We conclude that the availability and provision of supportive accommodations...
Development of a new tool to evaluate work support needs and guide vocational rehabilitation
The Work-ability Support Scale (WSS) Purpose: This article outlines our overall approach, qualitative work, and pilot testing to develop a tool to facilitate identification of level of support needs and assist in planning for vocational rehabilitation interventions. Methods: A set of foundation principles drawn from literature and previous critiques of work-ability assessment tools were used to guide a set of studies to develop a new tool. A review of the literature regarding factors that influence work-ability, qualitative interviews and focus groups with a range of stakeholders in the return...
A Theoretical Model of Co-worker Responses to Work Reintegration Processes
Purpose Emerging research has shown that co-workers have a significant influence on the return-to-work outcomes of partially fit ill or injured employees. By drawing on theoretical findings from the human resource and wider behavioral sciences literatures, our goal was to formulate a theoretical model of the influences on and outcomes of co-worker responses within work reintegration. Methods From a search of 15 data bases covering the social sciences, business and medicine, we identified articles containing models of the factors that influence co-workers' responses to disability accommodations;...
Studies reveal crucial role of co-workers in return-to-work process
Co-workers can play an important role after a work-related injury. They can provide details about the circumstances of an accident, offer emotional support to the injured worker and help with job tasks upon a co-worker's return to work (RTW). Working with an injured co-worker, however, can also strain work relationships and increase workload. The purpose of this study was to determine the role that co-workers play after a work-related injury and during the RTW process in the unionized, electrical construction sector. Methods We conducted two focus groups with injured electricians and union...
The social interaction of return to work explored from co-workers experiences
The social interaction of return to work explored from co-workers experiences Read More: http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.3109/09638288.2011.553708 Tjulin, Åsa et coll. (2011). The social interaction of return to work explored from co-workers experiences. Disability & Rehabilitation , 33 (21-22) : 1979-1989. Purpose .   The objective was to explore the role and contribution of co-workers in the return-to-work process. The social interaction of co-workers in the return-to-work process are analysed within the framework of the Swedish national and local employer organisational...
Young adults' experience of stroke: a qualitative review of the literature
Stroke is a life-threatening event that has a devastating impact on young adults and their families. The author conducted a systematic review of the qualitative literature to explore the experience of stroke from the perspective of young adults. Four primary research 'papers' were analyzed using the Qualitative Assessment and Review Instrument; 60 findings were extracted from the papers and merged into 13 categories, from which three synthesized findings were developed - disorientation, disrupted sense of self, and roles and relationships. Many of the effects of stroke are 'invisible'...
Penser la douleur à la rencontre du culturel et du biologique : repères anthropologiques
La douleur constitue un phénomène complexe qui recoupe des aspects neurophysiologique, psychologique et socioculturel. Si la sensation de douleur est un phénomène universel qui concerne l'ensemble du monde animal, chez l'homme, l'expression des émotions et les attitudes et les comportements qui y sont relatifs varient selon les cultures et les milieux sociaux. Cet article présente quelques repères pour une contribution anthropologique à l'étude de la douleur en questionnant les conditions de son intégration dans...
Rehabilitation - A short guide to the evidence
172 million working days were lost due to sickness absence last year. 34 million of these were due to an injury or illness caused by work. For most people who become ill or are injured, their main priority is to get their health back as soon as possible. Usually a person will get better by themselves, but often the person will need help and support in recovering. If they have been off work for a long time they may also need help in regaining their confidence in getting back to work. http://www.tuc.org.uk/h_and_s/tuc-16616-f0.cfm

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