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Étude des qualités psychométriques de l’Outil d’identification de la situation de handicap au travail (OISHT) utilisé auprès de travailleurs ayant un trouble musculosquelettique ou un trouble mental courant
L'outil d'identification de la situation de handicap au travail (OISHT) consiste en une entrevue structurée qui a été développée pour aider les cliniciens à identifier de façon systématique les facteurs liés à l'incapacité au travail. L'OISHT est un des rares outils disponibles en réadaptation pour la clientèle en phase chronique d'incapacité au travail. Il tient compte de l'influence de différents systèmes (personnel, santé, travail, indemnisation) et a...
Prévention de l'incapacité prolongée chez les travailleurs indemnisés pour troubles musculo-squelettiques
Une revue systématique de la littérature - Mise à jour 2008-2013 La présente mise à jour confirme et renforce les tendances déjà observées dans la revue de la littérature précédemment citée et couvrant la période 2000-2007 : l'intérêt pour le dépistage des travailleurs à risque d'incapacité prolongée, l'intérêt pour les points de vue de différents acteurs intervenant dans le processus de prévention, l'intérêt...
Outcomes of the introduction of a standardized fitness-for-duty evaluation of commercial truck drivers on the incidence of low back injuries and workers' compensation costs
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of low back injuries and associated workers' compensation costs before and after the introduction of a standardized fitness-for-duty evaluation of commercial truck drivers who present for their comprehensive Department of Transportation (DOT) physical examination. METHODS: Trained physical therapists administered questionnaires and performed functional testing of commercial truck drivers scheduled for their DOT examination. The results were communicated to providers performing DOT examinations. Incidence rates of low back injury and associated workers'...
The Clinical Utility of the Multidimensional Pain Inventory (MPI) in Characterizing Chronic Disabling Occupational Musculoskeletal Disorders
Purpose The Multidimensional Pain Inventory (MPI) was designed to help capture unique characteristics of chronic pain patients. The present study examined the proportion of subgroups classified by the MPI in a chronic disabling occupational musculoskeletal disorder (CDOMD) patient cohort, and described characteristics of MPI profile groups in terms of other psychosocial variables. Methods A cohort of 1,270 CDOMD patients undergoing an interdisciplinary functional restoration program was studied. Before the start of the program, all patients received a standard psychosocial assessment battery. A...
The 11-item workplace organizational policies and practices questionnaire (OPP-11): examination of its construct validity, factor structure, and predictive validity in injured workers with upper-limb disorders
Background Reliable and valid measurement of workplace organizational policies and practices (OPPs) is needed to evaluate their influences on the prevention and management of occupational injuries. Methods Injured workers (n = 614) attending an upper-limb specialty clinic operated by the Workplace Safety & Insurance Board of Ontario were recruited for a 1-year study. The OPP-11, completed at baseline, was examined for scaling properties (floor/ceiling effects, internal consistency, and item-convergent/discriminant validity), construct validity, and factor structure. Predictive validity for...
Has the Prevalence of Invalidating Musculoskeletal Pain Changed Over the Last 15 Years (1993–2006)? A Spanish Population-Based Survey
The aim of the current study was to estimate the prevalence and time trend of invalidating musculoskeletal pain in the Spanish population and its association with socio-demographic factors, lifestyle habits, self-reported health status, and comorbidity with other diseases analyzing data from 1993-2006 Spanish National Health Surveys (SNHS). We analyzed individualized data taken from the SNHS conducted in 1993 (n = 20,707), 2001 (n = 21,058), 2003 (n = 21,650) and 2006 (n = 29,478). Invalidating musculoskeletal pain was defined as pain suffered from the preceding 2 weeks that decreased main working...
A Biopsychosocial Perspective on the Management of Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders
This article provides an overview of current literature about workplace-related musculoskeletal disorders from a biopsychosocial perspective. The authors conclude that disability management and early intervention efforts can only be meaningful within the context of targeted interventions, including mechanisms for psychosocial screening. In addition, they suggest that return to work should be considered an integral, rather than superficial, contribution to the rehabilitative process. Source:
Correlates of Upper Extremity Disability in Medical Transcriptionists
Objective To investigate the association between disability and personal/lifestyle, medical, and psychosocial risk factors for upper extremity musculoskeletal symptoms and disorders (UEMSDs) in medical transcriptionists. Methods A web-based survey involving the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) and Overall Job Satisfaction (OJS) questionnaires of all medical transcriptionists working at a large healthcare facility. Results Responses were received from 80% (251 of 314) possible participants. Mean DASH, PSS, and OJS scores for those working at their current...
The relationship between burnout and musculoskeletal pain in seven Norwegian occupational groups
Occupational and gender differences were investigated in the relationship between burnout and musculoskeletal pain in the head, neck, shoulders, and back. Representative samples of lawyers, physicians, nurses, teachers, church ministers, bus drivers, and information technology workers in Norway (N = 4507) were analyzed using structural equation modeling. The exhaustion dimension of burnout was positively associated with musculoskeletal pain in all groups, and the strength of the relationship ranged from moderate to strong. The disengagement dimension of burnout was negatively associated with musculoskeletal...

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