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Psychosocial work environment and mental health-related long-term sickness absence among nurses
Purpose: We investigated which job demands and job resources were predictive of mental health-related long-term sickness absence (LTSA) in nurses. Methods: The data of 2059 nurses were obtained from the Norwegian survey of Shift work, Sleep and Health. Job demands (psychological demands, role conflict, and harassment at the workplace) and job resources (social support at work, role clarity, and fair leadership) were measured at baseline and linked to mental health-related LTSA during 2-year follow-up. Cox regression models estimated hazard ratios (HR) and related 95% confidence intervals (CI)....
Remain in Work—What Work-Related Factors Are Associated With Sustainable Work Attendance
A General Population-Based Study of Women and Men Objective: To analyze if organizational climate and work commitment, demand and control, job strain, social support, and physical demands at work are associated with remain in work (RIW), that is, work attendance without sick leave over 15 days per year. Methods: This Swedish cross-sectional study was based on 4013 workers (aged 19 to 64 years), randomly selected from a general population. Data were collected (2008) through postal questionnaire and registers. Results: Fair organizational climate, the combination of fair organizational climate and...
Heavy work and disability pension
A long term follow-up of Swedish construction workers Objectives : The objective of this study was to investigate the occurrence of disability pensions over time among workers with physically demanding jobs. Methods : The occurrence of disability pension was prospectively studied between 1980–2008 among 325 549 Swedish construction workers. The risks for disability pension and years lost of working life were compared among 22 occupational groups, adjusting for age, body mass index, height, and smoking habits. Results : The risk varied considerably among blue-collar workers. For example, rock...
Studies reveal crucial role of co-workers in return-to-work process
Co-workers can play an important role after a work-related injury. They can provide details about the circumstances of an accident, offer emotional support to the injured worker and help with job tasks upon a co-worker's return to work (RTW). Working with an injured co-worker, however, can also strain work relationships and increase workload. The purpose of this study was to determine the role that co-workers play after a work-related injury and during the RTW process in the unionized, electrical construction sector. Methods We conducted two focus groups with injured electricians and union...
Situations de travail et trajectoires professionnelle des actifs atteints d'un cancer
La Fondation ARC et l'INCa ont lancé conjointement en 2006 un appel à projets de recherche s'inscrivant dans les orientations du premier Plan cancer et visant à explorer les conséquences de la maladie et de ses traitements sur les situations d'emploi et de travail des personnes atteintes. Les six recherches soutenues et menées dans ce cadre, présentées dans la partie II, ont permis, à travers des approches quantitatives ou qualitatives, de mesurer et de mieux comprendre l'impact de la survenue du cancer sur la vie professionnelle...
Prognostic Factors for Recovery in Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain: A Systematic Review
Verkerk, Karin (2012). Prognostic Factors for Recovery in Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain: A Systematic Review . Physical Therapy (sous presse, version électronique) Background Few data are available on predictors for a favorable outcome in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain (CNLBP). Purpose To assess prognostic factors for pain intensity, disability, return to work, quality of life, or global perceived effect in patients with CNLBP at short-term (≤ 6 months) and long-term (> 6 months) follow-up. Data Sources Relevant studies evaluating the prognosis of CNLBP were searched...
Travailleurs exposés à une surcharge : analyse cinématique du genou lors de la marche
L'exposition à une surcharge peut-elle entraîner des changements dans la cinématique du genou et contribuer au développement de la gonarthrose ? L'ostéoarthrose du genou, communément appelé gonarthrose, est la plus susceptible de causer des incapacités fonctionnelles ou occupationnelles chroniques lorsque comparée à d'autres articulations. Une forte prévalence de gonarthrose est rapportée chez les travailleurs qui occupent un emploi soumettant les genoux à une surcharge mécanique. Dans cette...
Functional Limitations and Occupational Issues in Obesity: A Review
Four hundred million adults are obese. Such a pandemic involves people of working age. Excess weight imposes abnormal mechanics on body movements, which could account for the high incidence of musculoskeletal disorders in these subjects. This article reviews the physiological and biomechanical causes of the reduced work capacity in obese workers and speculates on the relationships between occupational exposure and obesity. The reduction in work capacity appears to be due to the following factors: reduced spine flexibility, decay in endurance, limited range of movement of the major joints, reduced...
Work in cancer survivors: a model for practice and research
As with other illnesses, several variables can impact the transition back to the workplace, long-term work productivity, or job retention among cancer survivors. We developed a model related to work and cancer based in part on the general area of work disability and the specific literature on cancer survivors and work. Methods: A systematic search of the literature on work and cancer was conducted to determine whether an evidence base existed to support the proposed model. Results : Forty-five papers met the review criteria. The percentage of studies that addressed modifiable categories included...
Difficulties with multitasking on return to work after TBI: A critical case study
Work performance research highlights that psychometric cognitive measures and cognitive component information processing measures are strong predictors of success in multitasking work environments [14]. People with a mild to moderate traumatic brain injury (TBI) returning to a job requiring multitasking, may have difficulty succeeding despite pre-morbid equivalent cognitive scores. A critical case study is presented to begin to determine what aspects of information processing contribute to difficulties in multitasking work performance, for people with a TBI. The Perceive Recall Plan and Perform...
Job-Related Osteoarthritis of the Knee, Foot, Hand, and Cervical Spine
Objectives: To assess the influence of occupational exposures on risk of site-specific radiographic osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee, hand, foot, and cervical spine. Methods: Using a cross-sectional design, data collected from men and women aged 40 years and older participating in the Clearwater Osteoarthritis Study were analyzed (n = 3436). Subjects' occupational exposures were queried using the study intake form, including stair climbing, standing on a rigid surface, squatting, and jolting. Physical examinations including radiographs of the knee, hand, foot, and cervical spine were conducted...
The predictive effect of fear-avoidance beliefs on low back pain among newly qualified health care workers with and without previous low back pain: a prospective cohort study
Health care workers have a high prevalence of low back pain (LBP). Although physical exposures in the working environment are linked to an increased risk of LBP, it has been suggested that individual coping strategies, for example fear-avoidance beliefs, could also be important in the development and maintenance of LBP. Accordingly, the main objective of this study was to examine (1) the association between physical work load and LBP, (2) the predictive effect of fear-avoidance beliefs on the development of LBP, and (3) the moderating effect of fear-avoidance beliefs on the association between...

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