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Replication of a Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial of Resource Facilitation to Improve Return to Work and School after Brain Injury
OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent to which previous findings on the effectiveness of resource facilitation to impact return to work and school could be replicated. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Outpatient rehabilitation clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-four outpatients with acquired brain injury. INTERVENTION: Fifteen months of resource facilitation services. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: A revised version of the Vocational Independence Scale and the Participation Index of the Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory-4. RESULTS: Participants randomized to the resource facilitation group demonstrated...
The Effect of Social Support Features and Gamification on a Web-Based Intervention for Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients
Randomized Controlled Trial Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is chronic systematic disease that affects people during the most productive period of their lives. Web-based health interventions have been effective in many studies; however, there is little evidence and few studies showing the effectiveness of online social support and especially gamification on patients' behavioral and health outcomes. Objective: The aim of this study was to look into the effects of a Web-based intervention that included online social support features and gamification on physical activity, health care utilization...
Effect of the Danish return-to-work program on long-term sickness absence
Results from a randomized controlled trial in three municipalities Objectives : The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the Danish return-to-work (RTW) program on long-term sickness absence in a randomized controlled trial in three municipalities. Methods : The intervention group comprised 1948 participants while the control group comprised 1157 participant receiving ordinary sickness benefit management (OSM). Study participants were working-age adults receiving long-term (≥8 weeks or more) benefits, included regardless of reason for sickness absence or employment status. Each beneficiary...
Predictors of Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI) and work status after 1 year in patients with subacromial shoulder pain
Background. Shoulder pain is a common complaint in primary health care and has an unfavourable outcome in many patients. The objectives were to identify predictors for pain and disability (SPADI) and work status in patients with subacromial shoulder pain. Methods. Secondary analyses of data from a randomized clinical controlled trial were performed. Outcome measures were the absolute values of the combined Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI) and work status 1 year after treatment with supervised exercises (SE) or radial extracorporeal shockwave therapy (rESWT). Predictors of outcome were...
Effectiveness of a Targeted Occupational Health Intervention in Workers with High Risk of Sickness Absence
Titre complet: "Effectiveness of a Targeted Occupational Health Intervention in Workers with High Risk of Sickness Absence: Baseline Characteristics and Adherence as Effect Modifying Factors in a Randomized Controlled Trial" In a recently published randomized controlled trial (RCT), a targeted occupational health (OH) intervention was found effective in an intention-to-treat analysis in controlling sickness absence among workers with high risk of sickness absence, compared to usual care. We performed an exploratory subgroup analysis in order to detect possible effect modifiers and mediators...
Coping self-efficacy as a mediator between catastrophizing and physical functioning: treatment target selection in an osteoarthritis sample
The purpose of this study was to assess the relative effects of coping self-efficacy and catastrophizing on physical functioning. Over a 9-month period, studying changes in self-efficacy as possible mediator between catastrophizing changes and physical functioning changes might provide evidence for the most promising treatment target. Data came from a randomized, longitudinal controlled trial comparing exercise, self-management and the two combined to treat 254 individuals with early knee osteoarthritis. A secondary analysis using a bootstrapped linear mixed-effects mediational model produced estimates...
Evaluation of the effectiveness and efficacy of iyengar yoga therapy on chronic low back pain
STUDY DESIGN: The effectiveness and efficacy of Iyengar yoga for chronic low back pain (CLBP) were assessed with intention-to-treat and per-protocol analysis. Ninety subjects were randomized to a yoga (n = 43) or control group (n = 47) receiving standard medical care. Participants were followed 6 months after completion of the intervention. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate Iyengar yoga therapy on chronic low back pain. Yoga subjects were hypothesized to report greater reductions in functional disability, pain intensity, depression, and pain medication usage than controls. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND...

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