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Les facteurs influençant le retour au travail après une dépression
Le point de vue et le rôle des acteurs syndicaux En 2005, l'Organisation mondiale de la Santé (OMS) stipulait que dans moins d'une décennie, la dépression constituerait une des premières causes d'incapacité avec les maladies cardiovasculaires (World Health Organization, 2005). En effet, on constate une augmentation des prestations d'invalidité attribuables aux troubles mentaux, notamment la dépression. Celles-ci sont à l'origine de plus de 40% de toutes les réclamations d'assurance-salaire (MSSS, 2005)...
Workplace Characteristics, Depression, and Health-Related Presenteeism in a General Population Sample
Objectives: To investigate the relationships between workplace psychosocial factors, work/family conflicts, depression, and health-related presenteeism in a sample of employees who were randomly selected from the communities. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 4032 employees representative of the working population aged 25 to 64 years in Alberta, Canada. Data about workplace characteristics, depression, and health-related presenteeism were collected through telephone. Results: In the participants, 47.3% and 42.9% reported some degree of impaired job performance in completing work and avoiding...
Work Related Factors and Sick Leave After Rehabilitation in Burnout Patients: Experiences from the REST-Project
Introduction The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of psychosocial working conditions and coping strategies at work on change in sick leave level for patients on long-term sick leave due to burnout. Methods A cohort sample of patients ( n = 117) on long-term sick leave due to burnout was analyzed. The patients answered a questionnaire at baseline and sick leave information was collected from the Swedish Social Insurance Agency at baseline and at follow-up 2 years later. Two groups were formed depending on whether the patients had “improved” and reduced their sick leave...
Psychosocial work environment and stress-related disorders, a systematic review
Background Knowledge on the impact of the psychosocial work environment on the occurrence of stress-related disorders (SRDs) can assist occupational physicians in the assessment of the work-relatedness of these disorders. Aims To systematically review the contribution of work-related psychosocial risk factors to SRDs. Methods A systematic review of the literature was carried out by searching Medline, PsycINFO and Embase for studies published up until October 2008. Studies eligible for inclusion were prospective cohort studies or patient–control studies of workers at risk for SRDs. Studies...
Factors Associated with Work Participation and Work Functioning in Depressed Workers: A Systematic Review
Background Depression is associated with negative work outcomes such as reduced work participation (WP) (e.g., sick leave duration, work status) and work functioning (WF) (e.g., loss of productivity, work limitations). For the development of evidence-based interventions to improve these work outcomes, factors predicting WP and WF have to be identified. Methods This paper presents a systematic literature review of studies identifying factors associated with WP and WF of currently depressed workers. Results A total of 30 studies were found that addressed factors associated with WP ( N = 19) or WF...
Understanding how traumatic re-enactment impacts the workplace: Assisting clients' successful return to work
This research explores the observation that people who have had traumatic life experiences may connect with work in an unhealthy way, impacting their ability to return to work successfully. Purpose: This research aims to understand how past traumatic experiences influence career choice and workplace behaviour and, given this understanding, consider how occupational therapists can facilitate change towards a successful return to work. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were used to gather information from twenty-five clients experiencing depression, anxiety or post-traumatic stress disorder. Clients...
Disruption, disbelief and resistance: A meta-synthesis of disability in the workplace
This article presents the findings from a meta-synthesis of qualitative research on the experiences of persons with disabilities in the workplace. The purpose of this review was to explore how organizational culture influences the experiences of people with disabilities in the workplace, and the impact of disability on organizational culture. Findings from seven qualitative peer-reviewed studies on the experiences of people with disabilities at work and organizational culture published between 1995 and 2006 were synthesized using the meta-ethnography approach. The findings highlight how experiences...
Stress at work - causes, signs and symptoms
What is stress? - HSE's formal definition of work related stress is “The adverse reaction people have to excessive pressures or other types of demand placed on them at work.” In these pages we explain what stress is, its causes and the signs and symptoms to watch for. Source: http://www.hse.gov.uk/stress/furtheradvice/whatisstress.htm
Validation of a Risk Factor-Based Intervention Strategy Model Using Data from the Readiness for Return to Work Cohort Study
Background Low back pain (LBP) is a common and in some cases disabling condition. Until recently, workers presenting with non-specific LBP have generally been regarded as a homogeneous population. If this population is not homogeneous, different interventions might be appropriate for different subgroups. We hypothesized that (1) Clusters of individuals could be identified based on risk factors, (2) These clusters would predict duration and recurrences 6 months post-injury. Methods The study focuses on the 442 LBP claimants in the Readiness for Return-to-Work Cohort Study. Claimants ( n = 259) who...
The Influence of Employer Support on Employee Management of Chronic Health Conditions at Work
Introduction This study examined the relationship between employer support, self-efficacy and self-management of chronic illness at work. Method 772 employees reporting musculoskeletal pain ( n = 230), arthritis and rheumatism ( n = 132), asthma ( n = 129), depression and anxiety ( n = 121), heart disease ( n = 80) and diabetes ( n = 80) completed a questionnaire distributed across four large organizations. A modified version of the Self-Efficacy to Manage Symptoms Scale and the Self-Management Behaviors Scale were used. Support from line manager and occupational health were assessed. Results Structural...

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