Parcourir par tags

Tous les tags » Dramatisation (catastrophizing) (RSS)
Pain coping in injured workers with chronic pain
What's unique about workers? Purpose: Pain caused by a work injury is a complex phenomenon comprising multiple factors, e.g. age, gender, prior health status, occupation, job demands, and severity of injury. Little research has focused on injured workers with chronic pain. This study investigates injured workers' pain coping. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study design was used to measure coping strategies of injured workers in a work rehabilitation program. Differences in coping strategies by demographics, injury-related variables, pain, disability, and depression were measured...
Fear-Avoidance Beliefs, Catastrophizing, and Distress: A Longitudinal Subgroup Analysis on Patients With Musculoskeletal Pain
Westman, Anders E. et al. (2011). Fear-Avoidance Beliefs, Catastrophizing, and Distress: A Longitudinal Subgroup Analysis on Patients With Musculoskeletal Pain . Clinical Journal of Pain, 27 (7) : 567–577. Purpose: The aim of the present study was to describe fear-avoidance beliefs, catastrophizing, and emotional distress among musculoskeletal pain patients in primary healthcare and to explore the relationship of psychological risk profiles for pain, function, and sick leave from baseline through 1-year and 3-year follow-ups. Methods: Ratings from 110 musculoskeletal pain patients were collected...
Pain Catastrophizing and Pain-related Emotions: Influence of Age and Type of Pain
Ruscheweyh, Ruth et al. (2011). Pain Catastrophizing and Pain-related Emotions: Influence of Age and Type of Pain. Clinical Journal of Pain , 27 (7): 578–586. Objectives: One of the most important determinants of the individual pain experience is pain catastrophizing, reflecting an excessively negative cognitive and emotional orientation toward pain. Its assessment by standard questionnaires, which ask participants to reflect on idiosyncratic past painful experiences, is important. It is currently not known whether different types of pain differently shape pain catastrophizing. Furthermore...
Clinical Investigation of Pain-related Fear and Pain Catastrophizing for Patients With Low Back Pain
Objective: To investigate select psychometric properties of fear-avoidance model measures commonly used to assess pain-related fear and catastrophizing in clinical studies of low back pain. Methods: A convenience sample was recruited from patients (n=80) seeking outpatient physical therapy for low back pain. All patients completed self-report questionnaires for pain-related fear [Fear-avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire-physical activity (FABQ-PA), FABQ-work scale (W), and Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia -11] and pain catastrophizing (PCS) at initial evaluation session. Patients also completed clinical...
Identifying predictors of early non-recovery in a compensation setting: The Whiplash Outcome Study
People with Whiplash Associated Disorder (WAD) often experience pain and disability for extended periods of time. A large proportion of these people will seek treatment through a compensation process. Rarely is data related to people's health collected within the compensation process making it difficult to identify those that are at risk of delayed recovery and appropriately direct interventions. Study objective: To compare people with WAD who have recovered with those that have not, within 3 months of injury and identify potential predictors of poorer health and non-recovery to inform claim...
Can the Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire predict work status in people with work-related musculoskeltal disorders?
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the predictive validity of fear avoidance beliefs as assessed by the Work Subscale (FABQ-W) of the Fear Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire in a sample of 117 patients with a work-related musculoskeletal disorder, and identify two FABQ-W cut off points that identified participants as high or low risk of non return to work, following an interdisciplinary rehabilitation program. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patient data collected in conjunction with the Victorian Workcover Authority "Sprains and Strains" program. Sequential logistic regression analysis was...
The association between cognitive factors, pain and disability in patients with idiopathic chronic neck pain
Purpose .The aim of this study was to establish the relationship between known cognitive factors and levels of pain and disability in patients with idiopathic chronic neck pain. Method .Ninety-four patients referred for physiotherapy because of chronic neck pain completed measures of pain, disability, catastrophising, pain-related fear, pain vigilance and awareness and self-efficacy beliefs. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were then performed to establish whether the cognitive factors were significant determinants of levels of pain and disability. Results .The cognitive measures were...
Comparisons of Catastrophizing, Pain Attitudes, and Cold-Pressor Pain Experience Between Chinese and European Canadian Young Adults
Experimental pain research indicates ethnic differences in pain experience. Most of the cross-cultural pain research studied African Americans and Hispanics with little data available for Asian groups. This study examined differences in pain catastrophizing, pain attitudes, and pain responses between Chinese and European Canadian young adults. Prior to completing a cold-pressor (CP) task, 80 Chinese and 80 European Canadian undergraduate students were administered measures of pain catastrophizing and pain attitudes, including stoicism and cautiousness. Pain threshold, pain tolerance, and pain intensity...
The association between cognitive factors, pain and disability in patients with idiopathic chronic neck pain
Purpose .The aim of this study was to establish the relationship between known cognitive factors and levels of pain and disability in patients with idiopathic chronic neck pain. Method .Ninety-four patients referred for physiotherapy because of chronic neck pain completed measures of pain, disability, catastrophising, pain-related fear, pain vigilance and awareness and self-efficacy beliefs. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were then performed to establish whether the cognitive factors were significant determinants of levels of pain and disability. Results .The cognitive measures were...
Coping self-efficacy as a mediator between catastrophizing and physical functioning: treatment target selection in an osteoarthritis sample
The purpose of this study was to assess the relative effects of coping self-efficacy and catastrophizing on physical functioning. Over a 9-month period, studying changes in self-efficacy as possible mediator between catastrophizing changes and physical functioning changes might provide evidence for the most promising treatment target. Data came from a randomized, longitudinal controlled trial comparing exercise, self-management and the two combined to treat 254 individuals with early knee osteoarthritis. A secondary analysis using a bootstrapped linear mixed-effects mediational model produced estimates...
Interactive effects of catastrophizing and suppression on responses to acute pain: a test of an appraisal × emotion regulation model
We examined whether people who tend to catastrophize about pain and who also attempt to regulate negative thoughts and feelings through suppression may represent a distinct subgroup of individuals highly susceptible to pain and distress. Ninety-seven healthy normal participants underwent a 4-min ischemic pain task followed by a 2-min recovery period. Self-reported pain and distress was recorded during the task and every 20 s during recovery. Participants completed the Pain Catastrophizing Scale and the White Bear Suppression Inventory. Repeated measures multiple regression analysis (using General...

Abonnement courriel

Messages récents

Catégories

Méthodes et types d’études

Mots-Clés (Tags)

Blogoliste

Archives