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Models of care for the management of persistent musculoskeletal pain and/or depression
Musculoskeletal pain can occur following damage to the muscles, ligaments, tendons, and bones. The three main causes of musculoskeletal pain are unusual or repetitive strain on the system, trauma to a specific area from a fall, sprain or blow, and certain musculoskeletal diseases.1 Many Australians experience musculoskeletal pain, however for a few, this becomes chronic or persistent. 2 Persistent musculoskeletal pain is often associated with depression and anxiety.3 Persistent musculoskeletal pain is a major cause of disability in older age and a major cause of work absence in the working age...
An exploratory study of the rehabilitation process of people with stress-related disorders
The aim was to describe how former clients with stress-related disorders and rehabilitation team members experience the rehabilitation process, and to describe how experiences from the rehabilitation have been integrated into the former clients' everyday lives. A qualitative grounded theory approach was used. The sample consisted of seven team members working at a vocational rehabilitation clinic and eight former clients who were interviewed. The participants were involved in four different rehabilitation programmes, all of which used cognitive approaches. In addition, two of the programmes...
Patients' experience of groups in outpatient mental health services and its significance for daily occupations
The prevalence of mental health problems such as depression and anxiety in the Swedish population is increasing and individuals' daily occupations are seriously affected. Occupational therapy groups have long been used in mental health services. Now, with the increase in the number of outpatients and the current principle of patients' participation there is a need for further knowledge of this group of patients' perspective on the method. The aim of this study was thus to explore how outpatients in mental health services experience treatment in occupational therapy groups and what significance...
Validation of a Risk Factor-Based Intervention Strategy Model Using Data from the Readiness for Return to Work Cohort Study
Background Low back pain (LBP) is a common and in some cases disabling condition. Until recently, workers presenting with non-specific LBP have generally been regarded as a homogeneous population. If this population is not homogeneous, different interventions might be appropriate for different subgroups. We hypothesized that (1) Clusters of individuals could be identified based on risk factors, (2) These clusters would predict duration and recurrences 6 months post-injury. Methods The study focuses on the 442 LBP claimants in the Readiness for Return-to-Work Cohort Study. Claimants ( n = 259) who...

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