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Factors associated with return to work in men and women with work-related traumatic brain injury
Background: Symptoms that persist subsequent to a work-related traumatic brain injury (wrTBI) influence the ability to return to work (RTW) and indicate areas of functional disability, as classified in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) framework. Objective: The purpose of this study was to describe the relationship between RTW status and ICF framework domains in men and women with a wrTBI. Methods: A retrospective chart review of 209 consecutive workers with TBI (mild TBI: 71.8%; mean age: 40.2 ± 11.1, men: 71.3%) was conducted. Workers were assessed...
L'effet des arrêts maladie sur les trajectoires professionnelles
À la fin des années 2000, les taux d'emploi des personnes ayant des incapacités en France étaient de 46 % contre 72 % pour les personnes sans incapacités. Si l'on sait évaluer, pour l'Assurance maladie, le coût de l'indemnisation de l'incapacité temporaire de travail pour maladie (6,7 milliards d'euros soit 3,7 % des dépenses de santé en 2012), on ignore encore largement les effets de ces arrêts de travail sur les parcours professionnels. Cette étude analyse l'effet des arrêts maladie...
Work-injury absence and compensation among partnered and lone mothers and fathers
Background: The purpose of this study is to examine the risk of a work-injury absence and the likelihood of receiving compensation among partnered and lone mothers and fathers. Methods: This study utilized data from an annual survey of Canadian residents. Logistic regression models examined the association between family status and the receipt of workers' compensation, and absences due to work-related injury or illnesses of 7 or more days. Results: Being a lone mother was significantly associated with the risk of work-injury absence. Gender differences were observed for workers' compensation...
Travailler après un cancer du sein
Enjeux, contraintes et perspectives Le présent article s'intéresse aux conséquences du cancer du sein sur la réinsertion professionnelle de 21 femmes, âgées de moins de 40 ans lors du diagnostic et interrogées de 16 à 24 mois après. Si la volonté d'un réinvestissement dans une vie professionnelle fait l'unanimité, chacun de leurs parcours témoigne des profondes transformations des rapports à la vie professionnelle, induites par la maladie. Dans une analyse mettant en lumière les interactions...
Remain in Work—What Work-Related Factors Are Associated With Sustainable Work Attendance
A General Population-Based Study of Women and Men Objective: To analyze if organizational climate and work commitment, demand and control, job strain, social support, and physical demands at work are associated with remain in work (RIW), that is, work attendance without sick leave over 15 days per year. Methods: This Swedish cross-sectional study was based on 4013 workers (aged 19 to 64 years), randomly selected from a general population. Data were collected (2008) through postal questionnaire and registers. Results: Fair organizational climate, the combination of fair organizational climate and...
Workplace Rehabilitation and Supportive Conditions at Work: A Prospective Study
Purpose To investigate the impact of rehabilitation measures on work ability and return to work (RTW), specifically the association between workplace rehabilitation/supportive conditions at work and work ability and RTW over time, among women on long-term sick leave. Methods Questionnaire data were collected (baseline, 6 and 12 months) from a cohort of women (n = 324). Linear mixed models were used for longitudinal analysis of the repeated measurements of work ability index (WAI), work ability score and working degree. These analyses were performed with different models; the explanatory variables...
Work-related psychosocial and mechanical risk factors for work disability
A 3-year follow-up study of the general working population in Norway Objectives This study examines the impact of work-related psychosocial and mechanical risk factors for work disability in the general working population. Methods A randomly drawn cohort from the general population in Norway aged 18–66 years was followed for 3 years (N=12 550, 67% response rate at baseline). Eligible respondents were in paid work for ≥10 hours per week in 2006 and were still in paid work or had quit working because of health problems (work disability) in 2009 (N=6745). Five work-related psychosocial factors...
The Combination of Work Organizational Climate and Individual Work Commitment Predicts Return to Work in Women But Not in Men
Objective : To analyze if the combination of organizational climate and work commitment can predict return to work (RTW). Methods : This prospective Swedish study was based on 2285 participants, 19 to 64 years old, consecutively selected from the employed population, newly sick-listed for more than 14 days. Data were collected in 2008 through postal questionnaire and from register data. Results : Among women, the combination of good organizational climate and fair work commitment predicted an early RTW with an adjusted relative risk of 2.05 (1.32 to 3.18). Among men, none of the adjusted variables...
Situations de travail et trajectoires professionnelle des actifs atteints d'un cancer
La Fondation ARC et l'INCa ont lancé conjointement en 2006 un appel à projets de recherche s'inscrivant dans les orientations du premier Plan cancer et visant à explorer les conséquences de la maladie et de ses traitements sur les situations d'emploi et de travail des personnes atteintes. Les six recherches soutenues et menées dans ce cadre, présentées dans la partie II, ont permis, à travers des approches quantitatives ou qualitatives, de mesurer et de mieux comprendre l'impact de la survenue du cancer sur la vie professionnelle...
Prognostic Factors for Recovery in Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain: A Systematic Review
Verkerk, Karin (2012). Prognostic Factors for Recovery in Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain: A Systematic Review . Physical Therapy (sous presse, version électronique) Background Few data are available on predictors for a favorable outcome in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain (CNLBP). Purpose To assess prognostic factors for pain intensity, disability, return to work, quality of life, or global perceived effect in patients with CNLBP at short-term (≤ 6 months) and long-term (> 6 months) follow-up. Data Sources Relevant studies evaluating the prognosis of CNLBP were searched...
Partner relationships and long-term sick leave among female workers: consequences and impact on dimensions of health and return to work
Dellve, Lotta et Tone Ahlborg (2012). Partner relationships and long-term sick leave among female workers: consequences and impact on dimensions of health and return to work. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences . Few efforts have been made to prospectively identify resources and obstacles outside work that may predict regained work ability and return to work when workers are on sick leave. This study investigates the association between partner relationships and sick leave. Our research questions were as follows: (i) What is the influence of sick leave, pain, stress and domestic strain on the...
Pain Catastrophizing and Pain-related Emotions: Influence of Age and Type of Pain
Ruscheweyh, Ruth et al. (2011). Pain Catastrophizing and Pain-related Emotions: Influence of Age and Type of Pain. Clinical Journal of Pain , 27 (7): 578–586. Objectives: One of the most important determinants of the individual pain experience is pain catastrophizing, reflecting an excessively negative cognitive and emotional orientation toward pain. Its assessment by standard questionnaires, which ask participants to reflect on idiosyncratic past painful experiences, is important. It is currently not known whether different types of pain differently shape pain catastrophizing. Furthermore...
Defining Gender Disparities in Pain Management
Leresche, L. (2011). Defining Gender Disparities in Pain Management. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research , 469(7): 1871-1877. (Accès limité) Background: Prevalence rates of most musculoskeletal pain conditions are higher among women than men. Reasons for these prevalence disparities likely include sex differences in basic pain mechanisms and gender differences in psychosocial factors. Questions/purposes: The purposes of this review were to (1) identify reasons for differences in pain prevalence between men and women, (2) assess whether musculoskeletal pain conditions are differently...
Disability-Free Life Expectancy: A Cross-National Comparison Among Bulgarian, Italian, and Latin American Older Population
Minuchi, Nadie et al. (2011). Disability-Free Life Expectancy: A Cross-National Comparison Among Bulgarian, Italian, and Latin American Older Population. Journal of Aging & Health , 23 (4): 629-681. Objective: To present sociodemographic and health status harmonized variables constructed to evaluate cross-national differences in term of Disability Free Life Expectancy (DFLE) across different surveys. Method: The study comprises national surveys conducted in Bulgaria, Italy, and Latin America and the Caribbean. A homogeneous group of health determinants for the older population was created and...
Gender differences in disability after sickness absence with musculoskeletal disorders...
titre complet: Gender differences in disability after sickness absence with musculoskeletal disorders: five-year prospective study of 37,942 women and 26,307 men (article en libre accès) Gender differences in the prevalence and occupational consequences of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are consistently found in epidemiological studies. The study investigated whether gender differences also exist with respect to chronicity, measured as the rate of transition from sickness absence into permanent disability pension (DP). Methods: Prospective national cohort study in Norway including all...
Work–family interference and long-term sickness absence: a longitudinal cohort study
Background : Alongside work environment factors, interference between work and domestic life has been proposed as an important explanation for long-term sickness absence, particularly for women. The aim was to investigate the association between work-to-family interference, family-to-work interference and long-term sickness absence among women and men in different family- and work-related settings. Methods : The study population was a random sample of 2867 gainfully employed adults in Sweden aged 25–50. In 2004, telephone interview data were collected that included questions about family...
The work ability index and single-item question
Associations with sick leave, symptoms, and health – a prospective study of women on long-term sick leave Objectives : This study investigated the association between the work ability index (WAI) and the single-item question on work ability among women working in human service organizations (HSO) currently on long-term sick leave. It also examined the association between the WAI and the single-item question in relation to sick leave, symptoms, and health. Predictive values of the WAI, the changed WAI, the single-item question, and the changed single-item question were investigated for degree...
Factors Related to Return to Work by Women with Breast Cancer in Northern France
Earlier diagnosis and better treatment have increased the survival rates of breast cancer patients. This warrants research on return to work of cancer survivors, especially about subjective factors because they affect the mental desire to return to work. Moreover, knowledge in this issue is very limited in France. Objectives This study aims to explore the objective and subjective factors that affect whether and when women with breast cancer return to work. Methods 379 women with breast cancer aged 18–60 years who were working at the time of diagnosis responded to a 45 item questionnaire....
Work and Family Characteristics as Predictors of Early Retirement in Married Men and Women
This study presents an integrative model of early retirement using data from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study. The model extends prior work by incorporating work—family conflict to capture the interaction between the work and family domains and by assuming proximal and distal predictors of early retirement. More precisely, the model suggests that family and job demands and resources predict family-to-work and work-to-family conflict, respectively. All of these factors are presumed to have only indirect effects on retirement timing via the intervening effect of quality-of-life measures, that...
The Adequacy of Chronic Pain Management Prior to Presenting at a Tertiary Care Pain Center: The Role of Patient Socio-Demographic Characteristics
The Pain Management Index (PMI) is used to assess pain medication adequacy in black and white chronic pain patients (18–50 years) at referral to tertiary pain care. Using WHO guidelines for pain treatment, PMI was calculated from pain severity and drug analgesic potency. From 183 patients recruited, 128 provided treatment information for analyses (53% white, 60% female). Most (51.6%) had adequate PMI. Blacks were prescribed fewer pain medications ( P = .03); fewer women had adequate medication strength ( P = .04). In hierarchical regression, PMI was predicted at entry by female gender, lower...
Determinants of return to work after long-term sickness absence in six Danish municipalities
BACKGROUND: Different follow-up times and methods in return to work (RTW) research make it difficult to compare results between studies, and not all intervention effects and determinants may be constant over time. AIMS: This study aimed to describe the RTW process of a population of long-term sickness-absent workers over a 3-year period in terms of the effect of selected determinants over time. METHODS: A total of 7780 sickness-absent persons were registered by social workers in six different municipalities and were followed up for 2 to 3 years. Estimates from multiple logistic regression analyses...
Prospective predictors of return to work in the 5 years after hematopoietic cell transplantation
INTRODUCTION: Work return is an indicator of recovery and functional status for cancer survivors. We investigated whether demographic, medical and functional factors predicted full-time work return following hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). METHODS: Adults (N = 197), most with hematologic malignancy, completed assessments before their HCT and at intervals over 5 years. Assessments included treatment and demographic factors, and date of return to full-time work. We created binary variables, indicative of major impairment, from the Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36) mental (MCS) and physical...
Engagement in patterns of daily occupations and perceived health among women of working age
The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to examine how subjective experiences of engagement in patterns of daily occupations (gainful employment, domestic work, enjoyable and recreational occupations) were associated with perceived health among women of working age. The sample ( n =488) was drawn from a longitudinal cohort study of women of working age in Gothenburg, Sweden. Participants were women 38 ( n =202) and 50 ( n =286) years of age. They completed a questionnaire including questions about occupational experiences in relation to their patterns of daily occupations, perceived health...
A critical review of gender issues in understanding prolonged disability related to musculoskeletal pain: how are they relevant to rehabilitation?
Purpose . The purpose of this critical review is to describe the available theoretical models for understanding the gender issues in prolonged work disability related to persistent musculoskeletal (MSK) pain. Method . A critical literature review was conducted in medicine, health sciences, and social sciences databases (MEDLINE, CINHAL, PsychINFO and SOCINDEX) using specific keywords. After screening titles and abstracts, followed by methodological quality assessment, a total of 55 references were retained for content analysis. Results . Gender issues in disability related to persistent MSK pain...
Multidisciplinary rehabilitation for fibromyalgia and musculoskeletal pain in working age adults
Non-malignant musculoskeletal pain is an increasing problem in western countries. Fibromyalgia syndrome is an increasing recognised chronic musculoskeletal disorder. The objective of this systematic review was to determine the effectiveness of multidisciplinary rehabilitation for fibromyalgia and widespread musculoskeletal pain among working age adults. http://mrw.interscience.wiley.com/cochrane/clsysrev/articles/CD001984/pdf_fs.html
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