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Return-to-work in patients with acquired brain injury and psychiatric disorders as a comorbidity
A systematic review OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between psychiatric disorders as a comorbidity and return-to-work (RTW) in individuals with acquired brain injury (ABI). METHODS: A systematic review was performed. The search strategy (2002-2012) contained terms related to ABI, psychiatric comorbidity and keywords adapted to the outcome measure RTW. Selection and review were performed by two authors independently. In the case of uncertainty, a third author was consulted to reach consensus on inclusion or exclusion. The methodological quality of included studies was determined and evidence...
Factors affecting return to work after carpal tunnel syndrome surgery in a large French cohort
Parot-Schinkel, E. et coll. (2011). Factors affecting return to work after carpal tunnel syndrome surgery in a large French cohort. Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation , 92 (11) :1863-1869. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate occupational outcomes after surgical release of the median nerve in carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). DESIGN: Retrospective study 12 to 24 months after surgery. SETTING: Hand centers (N=3) in 2 different areas. PARTICIPANTS: Patients who had undergone surgical release of the median nerve in 2002 to 2003. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Duration of sick leave...
Chronic Diseases and Functional Limitations Among Older Construction Workers in the United States: A 10-Year Follow-up Study
Dong, Xiuwen Sue et al. (2011). Chronic Diseases and Functional Limitations Among Older Construction Workers in the United States: A 10-Year Follow-up Study. Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine , 53 (4): 372–380. Objectives: To examine the health status of older construction workers in the United States, and how occupation and the aging process affect health in workers' later years. Methods: We analyzed six waves (1998 to 2008) of the Health and Retirement Study, a longitudinal survey of US residents age 50+. The study sample totaled 7200 male workers (510 in construction...
Functional Limitations and Occupational Issues in Obesity: A Review
Four hundred million adults are obese. Such a pandemic involves people of working age. Excess weight imposes abnormal mechanics on body movements, which could account for the high incidence of musculoskeletal disorders in these subjects. This article reviews the physiological and biomechanical causes of the reduced work capacity in obese workers and speculates on the relationships between occupational exposure and obesity. The reduction in work capacity appears to be due to the following factors: reduced spine flexibility, decay in endurance, limited range of movement of the major joints, reduced...
The impact of ill health on exit from paid employment in Europe among older workers
Objective To determine the impact of ill health on exit from paid employment in Europe among older workers. Methods Participants of the Survey on Health and Ageing in Europe (SHARE) in 11 European countries in 2004 and 2006 were selected when 50–63 years old and in paid employment at baseline (n=4611). Data were collected on self-rated health, chronic diseases, mobility limitations, obesity, smoking, alcohol use, physical activity and work characteristics. Participants were classified into employed, retired, unemployed and disabled at the end of the 2-year follow-up. Multinomial logistic...
Sleep Disturbances as a Predictor of Cause-Specific Work Disability and Delayed Return to Work
Study Objective: To examine sleep disturbances as a predictor of cause-specific work disability and delayed return to work. Design: Prospective observational cohort study linking survey data on sleep disturbances with records of work disability (≥ 90 days sickness absence, disability pension, or death) obtained from national registers. Setting: Public sector employees in Finland. Participants: 56,732 participants (mean age 44.4 years, 80% female), who were at work and free of work disability at the study inception. Measurements and Results: During a mean follow-up of 3.3 years, incident diagnosis...
Evidence and Practice in the Self-Management of Low Back Pain: Findings From an Australian Internet-based Survey
Low back pain (LBP) is common, but sufferers pursue a range of management options and only some seek professional advice. This study examines how Australian consumers report that they manage LBP, with emphasis on the extent to which their practices match clinical recommendations and guidelines. Methods: A self-reported cross-sectional online survey comprising 29 questions in English (see Supplemental Digital Content 1, http://links.lww.com/CJP/A13 ) was conducted in February 2009. The internet-based survey sample was matched with national population proportions; 1220 respondents were screened and...
Has the Prevalence of Invalidating Musculoskeletal Pain Changed Over the Last 15 Years (1993–2006)? A Spanish Population-Based Survey
The aim of the current study was to estimate the prevalence and time trend of invalidating musculoskeletal pain in the Spanish population and its association with socio-demographic factors, lifestyle habits, self-reported health status, and comorbidity with other diseases analyzing data from 1993-2006 Spanish National Health Surveys (SNHS). We analyzed individualized data taken from the SNHS conducted in 1993 (n = 20,707), 2001 (n = 21,058), 2003 (n = 21,650) and 2006 (n = 29,478). Invalidating musculoskeletal pain was defined as pain suffered from the preceding 2 weeks that decreased main working...
Quality of life assessed with Short Form 36 – a comparison between two populations with long-term musculoskeletal pain disorders
To assess quality of life (QoL) in two groups of patients with long-term musculoskeletal pain with and without psychiatric co-morbidity and to compare them with a reference group of normative controls. The patients in both study groups were sick-listed full or part time for 3 months or more. Method .The patients were recruited from a company health service and consulting psychiatry. A generic QoL questionnaire, the SF-36, was used to assess QoL. Each group was compared with age- and gender-matched normative controls. Results .Both groups reported a pronounced impairment of QoL ( p <0.001) compared...

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