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Effectiveness of a return-to-work program for workers without an employment contract, sick-listed due to common mental disorders
A participatory supportive return-to-work (RTW) program did not result in a significant shorter duration until sustainable RTW of workers without an employment contract, sick-listed due to a common mental disorder, compared to usual occupational healthcare. Further research is needed to consider how vocational needs of these vulnerable workers could be better addressed. Source: Lammerts L, Schaafsma FG, Bonefaas-Groenewoud K, van Mechelen W, Anema JR. Scand J Work Environ Health , 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3588
Workplace social capital and risk of long-term sickness absence
Are associations modified by occupational grade? BACKGROUND: Workplace social capital (WSC) is an emerging topic among both work environment professionals and researchers. We examined (i) whether high WSC protected against risk of long-term sickness absence (LTSA) in a random sample of the Danish workforce during a 1-year follow-up and (ii) whether the association of WSC with sickness absence was modified by occupational grade. METHODS: We measured WSC by self-report in a cohort of 3075 employees and linked responses to a national register of sickness absence. We calculated hazard ratios (HRs)...
Quel est l’impact du système d’indemnisation maladie sur la durée des arrêts de travail pour maladie ?
En France, les indemnités journalières versées à un salarié en cas d'absence au travail pour maladie sont fi nancées par un système à trois étages. Le premier étage est constitué des indemnités journalières versées par l'Assurance maladie. Le deuxième étage dépend des dispositions de la convention collective dont le salarié relève. Le troisième étage, facultatif pour les employeurs, est négocié au niveau de chaque entreprise, et...
Ankle fractures and employment
A life-changing event for patients PURPOSE: Ankle fractures, one of the most common types of orthopaedic injury, have been associated with reduced functional outcome and significant changes in long-term employment. Although information on unemployment following ankle fractures can be important in cases of financial compensation, no studies have investigated rates of short-term disability and employment status among patients who have suffered isolated ankle fractures in the US. METHOD: We retrospectively reviewed 573 medical charts for patients who were treated for ankle fractures in the last 3...
La reconstruction professionnelle après un burnout
Pour continuer à s'intégrer dans une vie professionnelle et sociale, un cadre victime de burnout (épuisement professionnel) doit se reconstruire. L'analyse sociologique du parcours de reconstruction post-burnout permet de montrer que les étapes traversées par les victimes sont identiques. Cette même analyse met en évidence les places respectives de la centralité et du sens du travail qui ont un rôle essentiel dans l'identité professionnelle. Cet article propose aux médecins du travail et/ou aux gestionnaires...
Psychosocial working conditions, occupational groups, and risk of disability pension due to mental diagnoses: a cohort study of 43 000 Swedish twins
Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate associations between psychosocial working conditions, occupational groups defined by sector, and disability pension (DP) with mental diagnoses while accounting for familial confounding. Methods A prospective population-based cohort study was conducted, including all Swedish twins who, in January 1993, were living and working in Sweden and not on old-age pension or DP (N=42 715). The twins were followed from 1993–2008 regarding DP. Data on DP, exposures, and covariates were obtained from national registries. Cox proportional hazards regression...
A prospective cohort study on severe pain as a risk factor for long-term sickness absence in blue- and white-collar workers
Andersen, Lars Louis et al. (2011). A prospective cohort study on severe pain as a risk factor for long-term sickness absence in blue- and white-collar workers. Occuputional and Environmental Medicine , 68 : 590-592. Source: http://oem.bmj.com/content/68/8/590.abstract Objective To estimate the impact of pain in different body regions on future long-term sickness absence (LTSA) among blue- and white-collar workers. Method Prospective cohort study in a representative sample of 5603 employees (the Danish Work Environment Cohort Study) interviewed in 2000, and followed in 2001–2002 in a national...
Low–Socioeconomic Status Workers: Their Health Risks and How to Reach Them
Objective: To help workplace health promotion practitioners reach low–socioeconomic status workers at high risk for chronic diseases. Methods: We describe low–socioeconomic status workers’ diseases, health status, demographics, risk behaviors, and workplaces, using data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, and Bureau of Labor Statistics. Results: Workers with household annual incomes less than $35,000, or a high school education or less, report more chronic diseases and lower health status. They tend to be younger, nonwhite, and...
The Effect of Self-assessed Job Security on the Demand for Medical Rehab
The interdependence of labor market conditions and the demand for health care has been addressed by several theoretical and empirical analyses. We contribute to the debate by empirically examining the eff ect of a decrease in self-perceived job security on health care utilization. That is, employees at risk of losing their job might postpone or even try not to use non-acute rehab measures in order to reduce their individual risk of being laid off by avoiding absenteeism and signaling good health. We use individual-level data from the German Socioeconomic Panel for the years 2003, 2004, and 2006...

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