Absenteeism due to Functional Limitations Caused by Seven Common Chronic Diseases in US Workers

Objective: The study examined the relationship between functional limitation due to chronic diseases and absenteeism among full-time workers. The studied chronic diseases include arthritis/rheumatism, cancer, diabetes, heart disease, hypertension, lung disease, and stroke.
Methods: We analyzed data from the 2011 to 2013 National Health Interview Survey. Economic impact was determined by workdays lost and lost income.
Results: Increase in absenteeism was observed for each studied condition. Employees with multiple conditions also saw increase absenteeism. Employers lose 28.2 million workdays annually ($4.95 billion in lost income) due to functional limitation caused by chronic diseases.
Conclusions: The results show a burden on society due to functional limitation caused by studied chronic diseases. Employers should look into implementing intervention/prevention programs, such as the Chronic Disease Self-Management Programs, to help reduce the cost associated with absenteeism.

Source: Vuong, Tam D.; Wei, Feifei; Beverly, Claudia J. Journal of Occupational & Environmental Médicine, July 2015, Volume 57, Issue 7, p. 779-784.

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