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Les vêtements de protection appropriés aux travaux de soudage et de techniques connexes
Ce guide porte sur les vêtements de protection qui doivent être portés par les soudeurs et tous les travailleurs et employeurs qui utilisent des procédés de soudage ou des techniques connexes, régulièrement ou à l'occasion. Les techniques connexes sont les opérations qui présentent des risques semblables à ceux du soudage, par exemple l'oxycoupage, le gougeage à la flamme ou à l'arc et la projection thermique. Il s'adresse à l'ensemble des responsables intervenant dans la chaîne...
ANSI/ISEA 203-2018 – American National Standard for Secondary Single-Use Flame Resistant Protective Clothing for Use Over Primary Flame Resistant Protective Clothing
ISEA has developed this new standard to establish minimum performance and labeling requirements for secondary single-use flame resistant protective clothing. These are commonly used in utility work and refinery maintenance and in steel processing facilities where metal is being cut or welded. Apparel covered by ANSI/ISEA 203-2018 is designed for use in industrial settings where flame hazards may exist and such clothing will not negatively impact the thermal performance afforded by the primary flame resistant protective clothing that is worn underneath. Compliant items are independently evaluated...
Firefighter attitudes, norms, beliefs, barriers, and behaviors toward post-fire decontamination processes in an era of increased cancer risk
Firefighters' are exposed to carcinogens such as volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) during fires and from their personal protective equipment (PPE). Recent research has shown that decontamination processes can reduce contamination on both gear and skin. While firefighter cultures that honor dirty gear are changing, little is known about current attitudes and behaviors toward decontamination in the fire service. Four hundred eighty-five firefighters from four departments completed surveys about their attitudes, beliefs, perceived norms, barriers, and...
Vêtements de travail de protection contre les feux à inflammation instantanée causés par des hydrocarbures et facultativement contre la vapeur et les liquides chauds
La présente Norme nationale du Canada énonce les exigences minimales de rendement ainsi que les méthodes d'essai relatives aux vêtements de travail portés pour se protéger contre les expositions imprévues aux feux à inflammation instantanée causés par des hydrocarbures et facultativement contre la vapeur et les liquides chauds. Source: http://publications.gc.ca/site/fra/9.848261/publication.html
ISO 12127 - Vêtements de protection contre la chaleur et la flamme
La présente partie de l'ISO 12127 spécifie une méthode d'essai pour la détermination de la transmission thermique par contact. Elle est applicable aux vêtements de protection (y compris les gants de protection) et à leurs matériaux constitutifs destinés à protéger l'utilisateur contre des températures de contact élevées. Source: https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-en-iso-12127-1/vetements-de-protection-contre-la-chaleur-et-la-flamme-determination-de-la-transmission-thermique-par-contact-a-travers...
Evaluation method for thermal protection of firefighters’ clothing in high-temperature and high-humidity condition
A review Purpose: To provide researchers with the details of developments in test apparatus and evaluation methods to rate the thermal protective performance (TPP) of firefighters' clothing under high-temperature and high-humidity condition. Design/methodology/approach: This review paper describes the influence laws of moisture on thermal protection and the moisture distribution in actual fire environment. Different evaluation methods used for assessing the effect of moisture on the TPP were investigated, with an emphasis on test devices, evaluation indexes as well as their relationship and...
Évaluation de nouvelles technologies visant à réduire le stress thermophysiologique associé au port de vêtements individuels de protection pour les pompiers
Les contraintes thermiques liées au port des vêtements individuels de protection (VIP) contre la chaleur et les flammes sont un problème préoccupant pour la santé et la sécurité des pompiers. Les matériaux utilisés dans la fabrication des VIP ont souvent le désavantage d'être lourds, rigides et d'empêcher l'évacuation de la chaleur produite par l'activité physique lors d'une intervention. Deux nouvelles technologies de matériaux ont été développées...
Characterization of textiles used in chefs' uniforms for protection against thermal hazards encountered in the kitchen environment
Within the kitchen the potential for burn injuries arising from contact with hot surfaces, flames, hot liquid, and steam hazards is high. The chef's uniform can potentially offer some protection against such burns by providing a protective barrier between the skin and the thermal hazard, although the extent to which can provide some protection is unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine whether fabrics used in chefs' uniforms were able to provide some protection against thermal hazards encountered in the kitchen. Fabrics from chefs' jackets and aprons were selected. Flammability...
The influence of arc-flash and fire resistant clothing on thermoregulation during exercise in the heat
PURPOSE: We evaluated the effect of arc-flash and fire resistant (AFR) clothing ensembles (CE) on whole-body heat dissipation during work in the heat. METHODS: On 10 occasions, seven males performed four 15-min cycling bouts at a fixed rate of metabolic heat production (400W) in the heat (35°C), each separated by 15-min of recovery. Whole-body heat loss and metabolic heat production were measured by direct and indirect calorimetry, respectively. Body heat storage was calculated as the temporal summation of heat production and heat loss. Responses were compared in a semi-nude state and while...
The European, Japanese and US protective helmet, gloves and boots for firefighters
Thermoregulatory and psychological évaluations The purpose of this study was to investigate the physiological and subjective responses of the European, Japanese (JPN) and US firefighters' helmet, gloves and boots for international standardisation. Three experimental conditions were evaluated (clothing mass: 9.4, 8.2 and 10.1 kg for the three conditions, respectively) at the air temperature of 32°C and 60% relative humidity. The results showed that there was no significant difference among the three conditions in oxygen consumption, heart rate, total sweat rate, rectal temperature...
The critical differentiator for the safety of flame resistant garment should be "Proven" vs. "Unproven"
What should be critically important to the ultimate end user is that the garments are flame resistant (FR) for the life of the garment. The FR protection shouldn't wash out, wear out, or fall off, and it should be there every time the garment is taken out of a locker or drawer and worn to work. It is also critically important to look for proven products. The fabric properties most important to wearers of flame resistant apparel are protection, comfort, and overall value. There are large differences among otherwise compliant FR fabrics, including those that at first glance appear quite similar...
No substitute for a properly conducted blind wear test
Comfort has rapidly become a key factor in the selection of flame resistant (FR) and arc-rated (AR) protective clothing In fact, recent research shows it is more important to wearers and specifiers than any single factor. The text reviews what is known about comfort and clears up several common misconceptions. Comfort cannot be reliably predicted by any single lab test of a fabric or by any series of different fabric tests, because comfort is inherently subjective; it is entirely a perception in the mind of the individual wearer and thus defies objective, quantified analysis. Weight and breathability...
Assessment of Factors Affecting the Continuing Performance of Firefighters' Protective Clothing: A Literature Review
There has been some research into the level of damage and changes to important properties of firefighters' protective clothing after exposure to conditions such as elevated temperature and ultra violet radiation. However, at this time, the results are not comprehensive enough to develop a standard procedure to estimate the remaining useful life of firefighters' protective clothing. There is also a need to develop non-destructive techniques to evaluate clothing, for most tests used to evaluate properties of clothing are destructive, and visual cues cannot completely assess the level of deterioration...
A fractionation of the physiological burden of the personal protective equipment worn by firefighters
Load carriage increases physiological strain, reduces work capacity and elevates the risk of work-related injury. In this project, the separate and combined physiological consequences of wearing the personal protective equipment used by firefighters were evaluated. The overall impact upon performance was first measured in 20 subjects during a maximal, job-related obstacle course trial and an incremental treadmill test to exhaustion (with and without protective equipment). The fractional contributions of the thermal protective clothing, helmet, breathing apparatus and boots were then separately...
Vulnerability of oil contaminated fire retardant overalls
Overalls become oil-contaminated very rapidly in many work situations, particularly offshore, in some cases within one day. From time to time, there are significant hydrocarbon fires offshore. There is evidence that frequent washing reduces the fire retardant properties of some materials, thereby increasing personal risk to persons and compromising their safety in a fire. Secondly, there is a problem with fires in the laundries offshore. Because of the large potential for escalation of fires offshore, the reduction of fuel loading and the prevention of ignition sources must remain a high priority...
Vêtements de protection contre la chaleur et les flammes
La présente Norme internationale spécifie les exigences de performance relatives aux articles d'habillement fabriqués avec des matériaux souples, conçus pour protéger le corps humain, sauf les mains, contre la chaleur et/ou la flamme. Pour la protection de la tête et des pieds, les seuls articles d'habillement de protection relevant du domaine d'application de la présente Norme internationale sont les guêtres, les cagoules et les couvre-chaussures. Toutefois, en ce qui concerne les cagoules, aucune exigence n'est donnée...

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