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Choisir une protection respiratoire contre les bioaérosols
Ce nouvel outil vise à soutenir les intervenants dans le choix d'une protection respiratoire contre les bioaérosols infectieux ou non infectieux présents dans différents milieux de travail. Source: http://74.123.92.235/bioaerosol/
Trends in needlestick injury incidence following regulatory change in Ontario, Canada (2004–2012)
An observational study Background: A number of jurisdictions have used regulation to promote the adoption of safety-engineered needles as a primary solution to reduce the risk of needlestick injuries among healthcare workers. Regulatory change has not been complemented by ongoing efforts to monitor needlestick injury trends which limits opportunities to evaluate the need for additional investment in this area. The objective of this study was to describe trends in the incidence of needlestick injuries in Ontario prior to and following the establishment of regulation to promote the adoption of safety...
Double Gloves
A Randomized Trial to Evaluate a Simple Strategy to Reduce Contamination in the Operating Room BACKGROUND: Oral flora, blood-borne pathogens, and bacterial contamination pose a direct risk of infection to patients and health care workers. We conducted a study in a simulated operating room using a newly validated technology to determine whether the use of 2 sets of gloves, with the outer set removed immediately after endotracheal intubation, may reduce this risk. METHODS: Forty-one anesthesiology residents (PGY 2-4) were enrolled in a study consisting of individual or group simulation sessions....
Needlestick injury prevention
Lessons learned from acute-care hospitals in Ontario Needlestick injuries have been identified as an important modifiable risk factor associated with the transmission of blood-borne pathogens between patients and health-care workers. A number of jurisdictions, including the province of Ontario, turned to regulation to accelerate the adoption of safety-engineered needles (SENs) for the prevention of needlestick injuries. Yet surveillance data available in work-related emergency department and workers' compensation claims records demonstrates that needlestick injuries have not declined substantially...
The Use of Respirators to Reduce Inhalation of Airborne Biological Agents
Respiratory protection devices are an important element of an overall contagion control strategy when infectious biological aerosols are potentially present in an occupational environment. In health care facilities, N95 class FFR certified by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) are typically the minimum class of respiratory protection recommended. In contrast, studies exist that suggest that surgical masks normally used in health care settings may be equally effective in reducing disease transmission. The “respirator versus surgical mask” debate continues...
An evaluation of the efficacy of safer sharps devices: Systematic review
Sharps-related injuries carry the risk of serious blood borne infection. A systematic review was undertaken to consider the evidence related to safer sharps devices and their impact on needlestick injury reduction within the healthcare sector. The quality and quantity of evidence was limited. Despite this, there was sufficient published evidence to consider the use of safer sharps devices to reduce the incidence of sharps injuries amongst UK healthcare workers. Studies showed that when educational programmes were implemented alongside a safer sharps device, lower rates of sharps injuries were sustained...
Are Health Care Workers Protected?
Background : The proper use of personal protective equipment (PPE) by health care workers (HCWs) is vital in preventing the spread of infection and has implications for HCW safety. Methods: An observational study was performed in 11 hospitals participating in the Canadian Nosocomial Infection Surveillance Program between January 7 and March 30, 2011. Using a standardized data collection tool, observers recorded HCWs selecting and removing PPE and performing hand hygiene on entry into the rooms of febrile respiratory illness patients. Results : The majority of HCWs put on gloves (88%, n = 390),...
Breathe Safer: How to Use Respirators Safely and Start a Respirator Program
Ce guide, destiné aux employeurs, superviseurs et travailleurs, renseigne sur les risques respiratoires, les types d’appareils de protection respiratoire (APR) correspondant aux différents contaminants. Source : http://www.worksafebc.com/publications/health_and_safety/by_topic/assets/pdf/breathe_safer.pdf
Résistance des gants de protection contre les piqûres d’aiguille
En réponse à une demande formulée par deux associations sectorielles paritaires et trois milieux de travail représentants les policiers, les agents de la paix en services correctionnels et les cols bleus, l'Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail (IRSST) a mis au point une méthode d'essai pour déterminer la résistance des gants de protection contre les piqûres causées par les aiguilles médicales. L'absence de méthodes d'essai normalisées rendait...
La main au travail (Risques - Prévention - Réparation)
En raison de la multiplicité de ses fonctions, la main se trouve très fréquemment en situation dangereuse. Les risques découlant de l'activité professionnelle peuvent être classés selon la nature du travail en trois catégories : - les risques mécaniques - les risques thermiques et électriques, - les risques chimiques. Bien souvent, ces risques se manifestent lors d'opérations de manipulation, de préhension, levage, transport de charges. Les causes des accidents et des maladies professionnelles de la main...

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