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Influences on use of hand moisturizers in nurses
Background: Nurses are at high risk of hand dermatitis. Regular hand moisturizing can prevent dermatitis, but nurses' use of hand moisturizers is suboptimal. Aims: To establish (i) what beliefs about hand dermatitis and hand moisturizer use are associated with hand moisturizer use by nurses at home and at work and (ii) if hand moisturizer use behaviours in nurses are associated with the prevalence of hand dermatitis. Methods: We used a questionnaire to investigate nurses' knowledge, beliefs and behaviours regarding hand dermatitis and use of hand moisturizers. Results: The response rate...
ASTM F1461 - 17 - Standard Practice for Chemical Protective Clothing Program
This practice is intended to promote the proper selection, use, maintenance, and understanding of the limitations of chemical protective clothing (CPC) by users, employers, employees, and other persons involved in programs requiring CPC, thereby limiting potentially harmful and unnecessary skin exposures. Source: https://www.astm.org/Standards/F1461.htm
Modified gloves: A chance for the prevention of nosocomial infections
Background: Non-sterile gloves primarily serve as a barrier protection for health care workers (HCWs). However, pathogens may often contaminate the skin of HCWs during glove removal; therefore, pathogens may be further transmitted and cause nosocomial infections. Methods: A field study was conducted comparing contamination rates when using standard gloves or a new modified product equipped with an additional flap (doffing aid) for easier removal. Gloves were removed after bathing gloved hands in an artificial fluorescent lotion. The number of contamination spots was then visually examined using...
Passage percutané et protection cutanée vis-à-vis du risque chimique
Deux outils disponibles L'INRS met à disposition deux outils, en ligne. D'une part, une base de données, IH SkinPerm, développée par l'Association américaine d'hygiène industrielle (AIHA) et traduite en français par l'INRS, permet d'estimer le passage percutané des agents chimiques. D'autre part, un logiciel, ProtecPo, développé en partenariat avec l'Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail (IRSST) du Québec, aide au choix des matériaux...
Prediction methods of skin burn for performance evaluation of thermal protective clothing
Most test methods use skin burn prediction to evaluate the thermal protective performance of clothing. In this paper, we reviewed different burn prediction methods used in clothing evaluation. The empirical criterion and the mathematical model were analyzed in detail as well as their relationship and limitations. Using an empirical criterion, the onset of skin burn is determined by the accumulated skin surface energy in certain periods. On the other hand, the mathematical model, which indicates denatured collagen, is more complex, which involves a heat transfer model and a burn model. Further studies...
Sun Protection Behaviors Among Latino Migrant Farmworkers in Eastern North Carolina
Objective: Farmworkers are at an increased risk of skin cancer from exposure to excessive amounts of ultraviolet radiation from the sun. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate sun protection behaviors. Methods: A cross-sectional study of Latino farmworkers in eastern North Carolina was conducted using personal interviews followed by a full-body examination for skin cancers (N = 157). Results: Participants were predominately, young, males from Mexico who spent 9 or more hours each work day in the sun. Most reported wearing long sleeved shirts (85.7%) and long pants (98.0%). Few workers...
Exploratory breath analyses for assessing toxic dermal exposures of firefighters during suppression of structural burns
Firefighters wear fireproof clothing and self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) during rescue and fire suppression activities to protect against acute effects from heat and toxic chemicals. Fire services are also concerned about long-term health outcomes from chemical exposures over a working lifetime, in particular about low-level exposures that might serve as initiating events for adverse outcome pathways (AOP) leading to cancer. As part of a larger US National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) study of dermal exposure protection from safety gear used by the City of Chicago...
Double Gloves
A Randomized Trial to Evaluate a Simple Strategy to Reduce Contamination in the Operating Room BACKGROUND: Oral flora, blood-borne pathogens, and bacterial contamination pose a direct risk of infection to patients and health care workers. We conducted a study in a simulated operating room using a newly validated technology to determine whether the use of 2 sets of gloves, with the outer set removed immediately after endotracheal intubation, may reduce this risk. METHODS: Forty-one anesthesiology residents (PGY 2-4) were enrolled in a study consisting of individual or group simulation sessions....
Devices for preventing percutaneous exposure injuries caused by needles in healthcare personnel
Needlestick injuries (NSIs) from devices used for blood collection or for injections expose healthcare workers to the risk of serious infections such as hepatitis or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Safety features such as shields or retractable needles can help prevent these injuries. We wanted to find out how effective these devices are. We searched for studies in multiple databases until January 2012 for randomised (RCTs) and non-randomised studies (NRS). Source: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD009740.pub2/abstract
Gloves, extra gloves or special types of gloves for preventing percutaneous exposure injuries in healthcare personnel
Healthcare workers are at risk of acquiring viral diseases such as hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV through exposure to contaminated blood and body fluids at work. Most often infection occurs when a healthcare worker inadvertently punctures the skin of their hand with a sharp implement that has been used in the treatment of an infected patient, thus bringing the patient's blood into contact with their own. Such occurrences are commonly known as percutaneous exposure incidents. Source: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD009573.pub2/abstract;jsessionid=C1C876D4D630D401729A12548A2C8D4C...
Une nouvelle norme ISO relative aux vêtements de protection aidera agriculteurs et travailleurs agricoles à réduire les risques professionnels liés à l’utilisation de pesticides liquides.
Une nouvelle norme ISO relative aux vêtements de protection aidera agriculteurs et travailleurs agricoles à réduire les risques professionnels liés à es pesticides sont communément utilisés dans l'agriculture pour lutter contre les organismes nuisibles, les maladies et les mauvaises herbes. Selon leur toxicité et le scénario d'utilisation, ces produits peuvent présenter des risques pour la santé de l'utilisateur si celui-ci n'est pas équipé de vêtements de protection adéquats....
La main au travail (Risques - Prévention - Réparation)
En raison de la multiplicité de ses fonctions, la main se trouve très fréquemment en situation dangereuse. Les risques découlant de l'activité professionnelle peuvent être classés selon la nature du travail en trois catégories : - les risques mécaniques - les risques thermiques et électriques, - les risques chimiques. Bien souvent, ces risques se manifestent lors d'opérations de manipulation, de préhension, levage, transport de charges. Les causes des accidents et des maladies professionnelles de la main...
Expositions aux cancérogènes : les vêtements de protection inefficaces
Une note du ministère du Travail, dont Santé & Travail a pris connaissance, indique que les vêtements de protection contre les projections de liquides et les pulvérisations sont inefficaces. Une campagne de tests pratiqués sur une dizaine de modèles montre leur non-étanchéité. http://www.sante-et-travail.fr/expositions-aux-cancerogenes---les-vetements-de-protection-inefficaces_fr_art_641_43436.html

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