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Identification and Characterization of Failures in Infectious Agent Transmission Precaution Practices in Hospitals
A Qualitative Study Importance: Using personal protective equipment (PPE) and transmission-based precautions are primary strategies for reducing the transmission of infectious agents. Objective: To identify and characterize failures in transmission-based precautions, including PPE use, by health care personnel that could result in self-contamination or transmission during routine, everyday hospital care. Design, Setting, and Participants: This qualitative study involved direct observation inside and outside patient rooms on clinical units from March 1, 2016, to November 30, 2016. Observations occurred...
Occupational Fatalities Resulting from Falls in the Oil and Gas Extraction Industry, United States, 2005–2014
During 2003–2013, fatality rates for oil and gas extraction workers decreased for all causes of death except those associated with fall events, which increased 2% annually during 2003–2013 (1). To better understand risk factors for these events, CDC examined fatal fall events in the oil and gas extraction industry during 2005–2014 using data from case investigations conducted by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). Sixty-three fatal falls were identified, accounting for 15% of all fatal events. Among fatal falls, 33 (52%) workers fell from a height of >30...
A multi factorial analysis of the epidemiology of injuries from falls from heights
BACKGROUND: Fall from height is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in suburban population in India. These cases are either domestic or workplace injuries with different causative factors. We analyzed different aspects of these falls to identify their risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted prospective and retrospective epidemiological study to identify various causative, contributory factors, and resultant injuries in cases of fall from height. The study group comprised of semiurban population and involved both domestic and workplace injuries presenting to a tertiary care hospital...
Fatal events in residential roofing
Residential roofing is a high risk occupation, more than nine times as risky as the average occupation and more than three times as risky as the average construction trade. To better understand the factors involved in residential roofing fatalities, 112 case reports filed by Occupational Safety and Health investigators for the years 2005-2010 were examined. In almost all of the recorded cases there was no adherence to the then current safety standards. It was found that there was little or no appropriate use of fall protection practices or equipment and that employer planning and employee training...
Fatal falls in the U.S. residential construction industry
BACKGROUND: Falls from heights remain the most common cause of workplace fatalities among residential construction workers in the United States. METHODS: This paper examines patterns and trends of fall fatalities in U.S. residential construction between 2003 and 2010 by analyzing two large national datasets. RESULTS: Almost half of the fatalities in residential construction were from falls. In the residential roofing industry, 80% of fatalities were from falls. In addition, about one-third of fatal falls in residential construction were among self-employed workers. Workers who were older than 55...
Construction worker fatalities related to trusses
An analysis of the OSHA fatality and catastrophic incident database This study was conducted to gain a better understanding of the risks associated with truss installation in building projects. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) fatality and catastrophic incident database was analyzed for the years inclusive of 1990-2009. The database includes over 15,000 incidents, 211 of which pertain to trusses. The incidents were analyzed as to the number of fatalities per incident, the type of truss, the truss material, the activity taking place at the time of the accident, the release...
Access equipment for construction work at height in residential properties - RR978
The construction sector has a high rate of fatalities resulting from falls from height, especially among workers employed in small firms. The sector consists mainly of micro-small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) with a large number of self-employed and is peripatetic in its make-up, with employment often short-term and occurring within the informal economy. The aim of this project was to identify reasonably practical measures to reduce the number of deaths of workers in micro enterprises (MEs), and those who work as sole traders, in carrying out repairs at height on residential properties....
Avancée dans la prévention des « chutes de plain-pied » au travail
Proposition de définition opérationnelle d'une nouvelle classe : « les Accidents avec Perturbation du Mouvement (APM) » À l'échelle internationale comme sur le plan national, la chute de plain-pied reste un accident du travail fréquent et grave qui touche tous les secteurs d'activité. Les données du BLS (Bureau of Labor Statistics) aux États-Unis indiquent que les « slips, trips and falls » (c'est-à-dire les glissades, trébuchements et chutes) sont à l'origine de 22 % des lésions...

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