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ASTM F2010 / F2010M - 18 - Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Glove Effects on Wearer Finger Dexterity Using a Modified Pegboard Test
Scope: This test method is used for evaluating finger dexterity while wearing gloves. This test method covers procedures in which the wearer picks up small objects between the thumb and index finger. This test method is suitable for evaluating gloves and other forms of hand protection that allow the wearer to pick up small objects between their thumb and index finger. This test method does not address all effects of glove use on hand function. Other methods should be considered to evaluate the effects of gloves on grip, tactility, and other hand functions of interest. The values stated in SI units...
ASTM E3108-18 - Standard Practice for Conformity Assessment of Protective Gloves Worn by Law Enforcement and Corrections Officers
Scope: This practice establishes the conformity assessment requirements for protective gloves worn by law enforcement and corrections officers. It was developed based on end user input regarding hazards of concern and operational requirements of officers.2 This practice provides two options for conformity assessment: (1) supplier's declaration of conformity (SDOC) and (2) certification. This practice is intended to be used by purchasers and suppliers in the procurement of gloves that meet Specification E3109, and the purchaser is responsible for selecting either SDOC or certification. Source...
ASTM E3109-18 - Standard Specification for Protective Gloves Worn by Law Enforcement and Corrections Officers
Scope: This specification addresses protective gloves worn by law enforcement and corrections officers. This specification and related standards were developed by subject matter experts, including experienced end users, using data from a survey of more than 800 U.S. law enforcement and corrections officers. This specification addresses performance requirements, performance ratings, and test methods for whole gloves and for glove components (for example, materials, layers). Source: https://www.astm.org/Standards/E3109.htm
Modified gloves: A chance for the prevention of nosocomial infections
Background: Non-sterile gloves primarily serve as a barrier protection for health care workers (HCWs). However, pathogens may often contaminate the skin of HCWs during glove removal; therefore, pathogens may be further transmitted and cause nosocomial infections. Methods: A field study was conducted comparing contamination rates when using standard gloves or a new modified product equipped with an additional flap (doffing aid) for easier removal. Gloves were removed after bathing gloved hands in an artificial fluorescent lotion. The number of contamination spots was then visually examined using...
Effet des fluides de coupe sur la résistance à la coupure et à la perforation des gants de protection
L'objectif de cette étude était de caractériser l'effet des fluides de coupe sur la résistance mécanique des gants de protection, en conditions contrôlées au laboratoire ainsi qu'en milieu de travail. Pour ce faire, des gants et des contaminants déjà utilisés dans trois secteurs de travail de deux entreprises partenaires de l'étude ont d'abord été choisis. Les effets d'une contamination de ces gants en laboratoire et des traitements de nettoyage, sur la résistance résiduelle...
Glove: Use for safety or overuse?
Occupational exposure to blood and body fluids presents a major safety risk for bloodborne viruses to all health care workers (HCWs). In response to human immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV), various strategies were adopted to reduce this risk. The most important and cost-effective strategy was the introduction of gloves as part of personal protective equipment (PPE) for all potential or expected exposures to blood and body fluid. The term gloves in this report refer to nonsterile, medical, and examination gloves. Source: Jain, S., Clezy, K., & McLaws, M. L. (2017). American Journal of Infection...
Modified gloves: A chance for the prevention of nosocomial infections
Background: Non-sterile gloves primarily serve as a barrier protection for health care workers (HCWs). However, pathogens may often contaminate the skin of HCWs during glove removal; therefore, pathogens may be further transmitted and cause nosocomial infections. Methods: A field study was conducted comparing contamination rates when using standard gloves or a new modified product equipped with an additional flap (doffing aid) for easier removal. Gloves were removed after bathing gloved hands in an artificial fluorescent lotion. The number of contamination spots was then visually examined using...
Evaluation of surgical glove integrity and factors associated with glove defect
Background: Surgical glove perforation may expose both patients and staff members to severe complications. This study aimed to determine surgical glove perforation rate and the factors associated with glove defect. Material and methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted between January and March 2017 at a Tunisian university hospital center in 3 different surgical departments: urology, maxillofacial, and general and digestive. The gloves were collected and tested to detect perforations using the water-leak test as described in European Norm NF EN 455-1. For percentage comparisons...
Influence des efforts de poussée-préhension et des gants anti-vibratiles sur le transfert des vibrations à la main
Un dispositif expérimental a été mis en place par l'INRS pour mesurer et analyser les effets mécaniques locaux des vibrations transmises au système main/doigts. Ce banc de cartographie d'accélération pourrait être utilisé pour tester et hiérarchiser les performances de solutions anti-vibratiles et celles de matériaux amortissants. Source: http://www.hst.fr/dms/hst/data/articles/HST/TI-NT-50/nt50.pdf
Disinfection of gloved hands for multiple activities with indicated glove use on the same patient
Most hand hygiene guidelines recommend that gloves should be changed during patient care when an indication for hand disinfection occurs. Observational studies indicate that the majority of healthcare workers (HCWs) do not disinfect their hands at all during continued glove wear. The aim of this narrative review is to assess the potential benefits and risks for disinfecting gloved hands during patient care for multiple activities with indicated glove use on the same patient. Continued glove wear for multiple activities on the same patient often results in performing procedures, including aseptic...
Factors affecting fall severity from a ladder
Impact of climbing direction, gloves, gender and adaptation Ladder falls cause many fatal injuries. The factors that affect whether a ladder perturbation leads to a fall are not well understood. This study quantified the effects of several factors on a person's ability to recover from a ladder perturbation. Thirty-five participants each experienced six unexpected ladder missteps, for three glove conditions (bare hands, high friction, low friction) and two climbing directions (ascent, descent). Fall severity was increased during ladder descent (p < 0.001). Gloves did not affect fall severity...
Mesure de l’efficacité des gants de protection contre les nanoparticules dans des conditions simulant leur utilisation en milieu de travail
Cette étude s'est articulée autour de trois grandes parties correspondant aux objectifs définis en début de projet. Tout d'abord, il a permis de concevoir un banc d'essai pouvant appliquer des déformations triaxiales dynamiques sur les gants de protection, simulant leur utilisation en milieu de travail. En parallèle, un protocole d'échantillonnage rigoureux a été développé afin de minimiser les contaminations éventuelles. Les mesures des concentrations en nanoparticules dans la solution d'échantillonnage...
Explorations of Design Factors for Developments of Protective Gardening Gloves
The purpose of this study was to identify important design factors for protective gardening gloves and consider possible design features for these gloves. A mixed methods procedure was used involving market research, an online survey, and a focus group. Ten design factors of protective gardening gloves were identified: skin cut and puncture protection, dirt and insect protection, UV ray protection, water resistance/waterproofness, dexterity, comfort of movement, breathability, ease of donning and doffing, durability, and ease of care. Potential consumers' preferred design features for each...
Travaux sous tension: gants isolants pour se protéger contre les chocs électriques
Ce guide est destiné aux personnes qualifiées pour travailler à l'intérieur d'un périmètre d'accès restreint et autorisées à le faire, ainsi qu'à leur employeur. On y explique comment sélectionner, inspecter, porter et conserver les gants et les protège-bras isolants, ainsi que les surgants en cuir. À noter qu'il ne traite pas de l'équipement de protection individuelle contre les éclairs d'arcs électriques. Source: http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications...
Firefighter hand anthropometry and structural glove sizing
A new perspective OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the current use and fit of structural firefighting gloves and developed an improved sizing scheme that better accommodates the U.S. firefighter population. BACKGROUND: Among surveys, 24% to 30% of men and 31% to 62% of women reported experiencing problems with the fit or bulkiness of their structural firefighting gloves. METHOD: An age-, race/ethnicity-, and gender-stratified sample of 863 male and 88 female firefighters across the United States participated in the study. Fourteen hand dimensions relevant to glove design were measured. A cluster analysis...
Improved hand hygiene compliance after eliminating mandatory glove use from contact precautions
Is less more? Background: Guidelines recommend that health care personnel (HCP) wear gloves for all interactions with patients on contact precautions. We aimed to assess hand hygiene (HH) compliance during contact precautions before and after eliminating mandatory glove use. Methods: We assessed HH compliance of HCP in the care of patients on contact precautions in 50 series before (2009) and 6 months after (2012) eliminating mandatory glove use and compared these results with the hospital-wide HH compliance. Results: We assessed 426 HH indications before and 492 indications after the policy change...
Exposure to carcinogens in surface engineering
Supplementary report This report details work undertaken following HSE research published as RR963 Exposure to hexavalent chromium, nickel and cadmium compounds in the electroplating industry (Keen et al, 2013). This examined the use of biological monitoring (BM) in the surface engineering (electroplating) industry. The report examines the efficacy of gloves, the use of surfactants and local exhaust ventilation in chromium plating, and the potential for transfer of contaminants outside the workplace. Source: http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1042.htm
Precautionary Practices of Healthcare Workers Who Disinfect Medical and Dental Devices Using High-Level Disinfectants
BACKGROUND: High-level disinfectants (HLDs) are used throughout the healthcare industry to chemically disinfect reusable, semicritical medical and dental devices to control and prevent healthcare-associated infections among patient populations. Workers who use HLDs are at risk of exposure to these chemicals, some of which are respiratory and skin irritants and sensitizers. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate exposure controls used and to better understand impediments to healthcare workers using personal protective equipment while handling HLDs. DESIGN: Web-based survey. PARTICIPANTS: A targeted sample of members...
Handling chemotherapy drugs
Do medical gloves really protect? Due to their potential mutagenic, carcinogenic and teratogenic effects occupational exposure to chemotherapy drugs should be kept to a minimum. Utilization of personnel protective devices, especially the use of protective medical gloves, is a mainstay to avoid skin contact. The choice of appropriate gloves is of outstanding importance. For optimal protection in the oncology setting it is essential to establish general guidelines evaluating appropriate materials and defining quality standards. Establishing these guidelines can facilitate better handling and avoid...
Double Gloves
A Randomized Trial to Evaluate a Simple Strategy to Reduce Contamination in the Operating Room BACKGROUND: Oral flora, blood-borne pathogens, and bacterial contamination pose a direct risk of infection to patients and health care workers. We conducted a study in a simulated operating room using a newly validated technology to determine whether the use of 2 sets of gloves, with the outer set removed immediately after endotracheal intubation, may reduce this risk. METHODS: Forty-one anesthesiology residents (PGY 2-4) were enrolled in a study consisting of individual or group simulation sessions....
The European, Japanese and US protective helmet, gloves and boots for firefighters
Thermoregulatory and psychological évaluations The purpose of this study was to investigate the physiological and subjective responses of the European, Japanese (JPN) and US firefighters' helmet, gloves and boots for international standardisation. Three experimental conditions were evaluated (clothing mass: 9.4, 8.2 and 10.1 kg for the three conditions, respectively) at the air temperature of 32°C and 60% relative humidity. The results showed that there was no significant difference among the three conditions in oxygen consumption, heart rate, total sweat rate, rectal temperature...
Gloves, extra gloves or special types of gloves for preventing percutaneous exposure injuries in healthcare personnel
Healthcare workers are at risk of acquiring viral diseases such as hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV through exposure to contaminated blood and body fluids at work. Most often infection occurs when a healthcare worker inadvertently punctures the skin of their hand with a sharp implement that has been used in the treatment of an infected patient, thus bringing the patient's blood into contact with their own. Such occurrences are commonly known as percutaneous exposure incidents. Source: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD009573.pub2/abstract;jsessionid=C1C876D4D630D401729A12548A2C8D4C...
Gloves, Arc Flash, and the New ASTM Test Method
For years, we have heard the question, "What about gloves in arc flash?" The reason this question wasn't answered sooner is complicated, but the standard is now available. ASTM F2675-13, Test Method For Determining Arc Ratings of Hand Protective Products Developed and Used for Electrical Arc Flash Protection, is an ASTM International standard with an approval date of June 1, 2013, that was expected to be published by ASTM International within the month of July. Testing is already progressing, with more than 25 types of gloves tested in the past few years now having a specific standard...
Cut Through the Confusion of Selecting Cut-Protective PPE
Not all cut-resistant gloves are created equal, and the abundance of information about cut testing methods and standards can be overwhelming. Here's what you need to know about cut testing standards and how they apply to your safety program. Despite educational efforts, there remains an unsettling level of confusion about cut-resistant gloves. With multiple 1-to-5 rating scales, a variety of acceptable or certified standards and differing testing methods, as well as a slew of acronyms associated with glove testing, safety managers may find themselves overwhelmed when sifting through potential...
Choosing glove materials and assessing permeation performance
The most common causes of occupational dermatitis, according to the HSE — as reported by dermatologists and occupational physicians under The Health and Occupation Research Network (THOR) — are wet work (25% of total), soaps and cleaners (24%), rubber chemicals and materials (16%). Comfort and usability increase the likelihood of people wearing protection; manufacturers are always improving the anatomical design of their gloves. They are also working on levels of grip, for example by developing different surface finishes on the exterior of some gloves, such as dip rough, textured palm...
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