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Respirator use and its impact on particulate matter exposure in aluminum manufacturing facilities
Objectives: As part of a large epidemiologic study of particulate health effect, this study aimed to report respirator use among total particulate matter (TPM) samples collected in a major aluminum manufacturing company from 1966‒2013 and evaluate the impact of respirator-use adjustment on exposure estimation. Methods: Descriptive analyses were performed to evaluate respirator use across facilities and by facility type and job. Protection factors were applied to TPM measurements for recorded respirator use. Estimated TPM exposure for each job ‒ before and after respirator-use adjustment ‒ were...
Disinfection of personal protective equipment for management of Ebola patients
Bessesen et al highlight the potential utility of reusable elastomeric face masks to bypass the risk of N95 respirator shortages during a respiratory illness pandemic and stress the importance of efficacious disinfection to reuse facial protective equipment safely.1 We would like to take the opportunity to underline the need that awareness on personal protective equipment (PPE) stocks is included in any pandemic preparedness plan. The demand for PPE must be established on the basis of the health care facility's role, defined by public health authorities to create a coordinated network approach...
Optimisation de SATURISK, l’outil de calcul du temps de service des cartouches de protection respiratoire contre les vapeurs organiques
L'exposition des travailleurs aux solvants, ou plus largement aux vapeurs organiques, doit être maîtrisée sinon maintenue en deçà des valeurs limites réglementaires. Lorsque l'ensemble des mesures administratives, d'ingénierie et de protection collective ne permet pas d'atteindre des niveaux d'exposition sans danger pour la santé, les travailleurs concernés doivent être équipés d'appareils de protection respiratoire (APR). En l'absence de situations de danger immédiat pour la vie...
Exposure to carcinogens in surface engineering
Supplementary report This report details work undertaken following HSE research published as RR963 Exposure to hexavalent chromium, nickel and cadmium compounds in the electroplating industry (Keen et al, 2013). This examined the use of biological monitoring (BM) in the surface engineering (electroplating) industry. The report examines the efficacy of gloves, the use of surfactants and local exhaust ventilation in chromium plating, and the potential for transfer of contaminants outside the workplace. Source: http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1042.htm
Ebola - Guidance on Personal Protective Equipment To Be Used by Healthcare Workers
The following procedures provide detailed guidance on the types of personal protective equipment (PPE) to be used and on the processes for donning and doffing (i.e., putting on and removing) PPE for all healthcare workers entering the room of a patient hospitalized with Ebola virus disease (Ebola). The guidance in this document reflects lessons learned from the recent experiences of U.S. hospitals caring for Ebola patients and emphasizes the importance of training, practice, competence, and observation of healthcare workers in correct donning and doffing of PPE selected by the facility. Source...
Exploratory breath analyses for assessing toxic dermal exposures of firefighters during suppression of structural burns
Firefighters wear fireproof clothing and self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) during rescue and fire suppression activities to protect against acute effects from heat and toxic chemicals. Fire services are also concerned about long-term health outcomes from chemical exposures over a working lifetime, in particular about low-level exposures that might serve as initiating events for adverse outcome pathways (AOP) leading to cancer. As part of a larger US National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) study of dermal exposure protection from safety gear used by the City of Chicago...
Outil d'estimation de la durée d'utilisation d'un adsorbant
Outil d'estimation de la durée d'utilisation d'un adsorbant MARSTEAU S., et coll. L'estimation de la durée de vie des média utilisés pour épurer un air pollué est une question fréquemment posée dont la réponse est rarement aisée, notamment pour le domaine des appareils de protection respiratoire (APR). Un outil de calcul informatique a été développé à partir d'un modèle empirique reconnu, basé sur l'équation de Wheeler-Jonas et d'un certain nombre...
Expositions aux cancérogènes : les vêtements de protection inefficaces
Une note du ministère du Travail, dont Santé & Travail a pris connaissance, indique que les vêtements de protection contre les projections de liquides et les pulvérisations sont inefficaces. Une campagne de tests pratiqués sur une dizaine de modèles montre leur non-étanchéité. http://www.sante-et-travail.fr/expositions-aux-cancerogenes---les-vetements-de-protection-inefficaces_fr_art_641_43436.html

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