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Appareils de protection respiratoire et risques biologiques
Dans certains secteurs d'activité (soins, laboratoires, biotechnologies, élevage, abattoirs, assainissement...), les personnels peuvent être exposés à des agents biologiques transmissibles par voie respiratoire. Cette fiche indique les critères de choix et les conditions d'utilisation des appareils de protection respiratoire (APR). Source: http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%20146
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear (CBRN) Respiratory Protection Handbook
Since 2001, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has established performance and design standards for respiratory protective devices (RPDs) to protect against chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) hazards and toxic industrial chemicals. Prior to 2001, there were no standards for the use of RPDs by U.S. emergency response personnel that covered the full range of expected CBRN threats. Federal regulations require emergency response personnel to use respirators...
Reliability of N95 respirators for respiratory protection before, during, and after nursing procedures
Background: The adequate fit of an N95 respirator is important for health care workers to reduce the transmission of airborne infectious diseases in the clinical setting. This study aimed to evaluate whether adequately sealed N95 respirators may provide consistent protection for the wearer while performing nursing procedures. Methods: Participants were a group of nursing students (N = 120). The best fitting respirator for these participants was identified from the 3 common models, 1860, 1860S, and 1870+ (3M), using the quantitative fit test (QNFT) method. Participants performed nursing...
Ebola Care and Lack of Consensus on Personal Protective Respiratory Equipment
The Ebola epidemic in West Africa presents a considerable occupational risk to the health personnel involved. The principal mode of virus transmission to health care personnel is through direct contact with the patient, although transmission by aerosols through the air may also occur. Many safety protocols have been suggested relating to personal protection and particularly respiratory protection. It is generally agreed that all health care workers should have easy access to personal protective equipment. However, the degree of respiratory safety escalates from a mask, to an adequate respirator...
Do We Need to Challenge Respirator Filters With Biological Aerosols?
The purpose of this NIOSH Science Blog is to explain what is currently known about an important aspect of respirator filtration. For decades, respirator researchers have been asked whether filters need to be tested with aerosols similar to those encountered in the environment (Figure 1). Common sense suggests that viruses or bacteria are collected differently from engineered nanoparticles, silica dusts, oil mists or other types of workplace aerosols. Source: http://blogs.cdc.gov/niosh-science-blog/2014/04/02/respirator-filter-testing/

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