2018-11-01 12:00 - Messages

A 10-year descriptive analysis of UK Maritime and Coastguard data on lifejacket use and drowning prevention

The study investigated if incidences of death by drowning in the UK could have been prevented through the use of lifejackets over a ten year period. This study was a retrospective analysis of fatal maritime incident data collected by the Maritime and Coastguard Agency (MCA) between the years 2007 and 2016. A Casualty Review Panel (CRP) met annually to categorise incidents into five groups based on the likelihood of a lifejacket preventing death. Descriptive analyses were performed on the overall fatalities, data were stratified by year, sex, age, and activity. Ten year data were categorised based on the outcome of the CRP, these data were further stratified by year and activity, with trends being reported. Potentially 180 lives (82% of all cases successfully categorised) could have been saved if a lifejacket had been worn. An 18% reduction in the number of cases referred to the CRP was observed from the first 5?years (2007–2011?=?59% of all referrals) to the last 5?years (2007–2011?=?41% of all referrals), with 42% less cases referred in 2016 compared to 2007. The data generated by the CRP over the ten years has provided a unique insight into coastal deaths, it has provided a clear rationale for the use of lifejackets and has helped target national and activity-specific campaigns for water safety and lifejacket use.

Source: Pointer, K., Milligan, G. S., Garratt, K. L., Clark, S. P. et Tipton, M. J. (2018). Safety Science, 109, 195-200.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.06.003

Slips, Trips, and Falls Among Home Care Aides

A Mixed-Methods Study
Objective: To address the gap of knowledge about slips, trips, and falls (STFs) among home care aides (HCAs) who work in clients' homes.
Methods: This mixed method study used survey and focus group data of HCAs in a Medicaid-funded homecare program.
Results: STFs were common with over 12% of HCAs reporting occurrence in the previous 12 months, of whom 58% fell to the ground. Both survey and focus group data identified ice, clutter, workload, rushing and other hazards. Focus group data explained the reasons for not reporting STFs, even among those who sustained injury, and added HCAs' voices to the understanding of causes, consequences and prevention strategies for STFs.
Conclusions: Empowering HCAs with knowledge, training, and involvement may transform “near miss” STFs into opportunities to prevent STFs among care workers and their clients.

Source: Muramatsu, N., Sokas, R. K., Chakraborty, A., Zanoni, J. P. et Lipscomb, J. (2018). Journal of occupational and environmental medicine, 60(9), 796-803.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001355

Les vêtements de protection appropriés aux travaux de soudage et de techniques connexes

Ce guide porte sur les vêtements de protection qui doivent être portés par les soudeurs et tous les travailleurs et employeurs qui utilisent des procédés de soudage ou des techniques connexes, régulièrement ou à l'occasion. Les techniques connexes sont les opérations qui présentent des risques semblables à ceux du soudage, par exemple l'oxycoupage, le gougeage à la flamme ou à l'arc et la projection thermique. Il s'adresse à l'ensemble des responsables intervenant dans la chaîne de fabrication, de distribution, d'achat, d'entretien et d'utilisation des vêtements de protection pour les travaux de soudage et de techniques connexes.

Source: https://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC-200-995.aspx

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