2017-07-01 12:00 - Messages

Influence des efforts de poussée-préhension et des gants anti-vibratiles sur le transfert des vibrations à la main

Un dispositif expérimental a été mis en place par l'INRS pour mesurer et analyser les effets mécaniques locaux des vibrations transmises au système main/doigts. Ce banc de cartographie d'accélération pourrait être utilisé pour tester et hiérarchiser les performances de solutions anti-vibratiles et celles de matériaux amortissants.

Source: http://www.hst.fr/dms/hst/data/articles/HST/TI-NT-50/nt50.pdf

Disinfection of gloved hands for multiple activities with indicated glove use on the same patient

Most hand hygiene guidelines recommend that gloves should be changed during patient care when an indication for hand disinfection occurs. Observational studies indicate that the majority of healthcare workers (HCWs) do not disinfect their hands at all during continued glove wear. The aim of this narrative review is to assess the potential benefits and risks for disinfecting gloved hands during patient care for multiple activities with indicated glove use on the same patient. Continued glove wear for multiple activities on the same patient often results in performing procedures, including aseptic procedures with contaminated gloves, especially in a setting where there are many indications in a short time, e.g. anaesthetics or accident and emergency departments. Of further note is that hand hygiene compliance is often lower when gloves are worn. To date, three independent studies have shown that decontamination is at least as effective on gloved hands as on bare hands and that puncture rates are usually not higher after up to 10 disinfections. One study on a neonatal intensive care unit showed that promotion of disinfecting gloved hands during care on the same patient resulted in a significant reduction in the incidence of late-onset infections and of necrotizing enterocolitis. We conclude that disinfection of gloved hands by HCWs can substantially reduce the risk of transmission when gloves are indicated for the entire episode of patient care and when performed during multiple activities on the same patient.

Source: Kampf, Günter, & Lemmen, Sebastian. (2017). Journal of Hospital Infection.

ASTM F2053 - 00(2017) - Standard Guide for Documenting the Results of Airborne Particle Penetration Testing of Protective Clothing Materials

This guide is intended to encourage thorough and consistent documentation of airborne particle penetration testing and its results. Uniform information and performance data increase the likelihood of selecting proper particle protective clothing by direct comparison of one material with another. A standard format for test information and data also encourages computer storage of test results for easy retrieval, comparison, and correlations.
This guide provides a format for documenting information and performance data for an airborne particle penetration test. Documented data and information are grouped into five categories that define important aspects of each test:
- Description of material tested,
- Challenge particles,
- Test method,
- Test results, and
- Source of the data.

Source: https://www.astm.org/Standards/F2053.htm

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