Hospital unit safety climate

Relationship with nurses' adherence to recommended use of facial protective Equipment
Background : Despite the existence of formal guidelines for the acute health care sector, nurses' adherence to recommended use of facial protective equipment (FPE) to prevent occupational transmission of communicable respiratory disease remains suboptimal. In addition to individual factors such as knowledge and education, group factors such as shared perceptions of organizational support for safety may influence adherence. These group safety climate perceptions can differ depending on the pace and type of work, local leadership, and organizational structure of each unit.
Methods : An analysis of a data set from a cross-sectional survey of 1,074 nurses in 45 units of 6 acute care hospitals was conducted. Variance components analysis was performed to examine the variance in perceptions of safety climate and adherence between units. Hierarchical linear modeling using unit-level safety climate dimensions was conducted to determine if unit-level safety climate dimensions were predictors of nurses' adherence to FPE.
Results : Findings revealed statistically significant unit variances in adherence and 5 of the 6 unit-level safety climate dimensions (P < .05). Furthermore, a hierarchical model suggested that tenure and unit-level communication were significantly associated with increased adherence to FPE (P < .05).
Conclusion : Unit-level safety climate measures varied significantly between units. Strategies to improve unit-level communication regarding safety should assist in improving adherence to FPE.

Source: Diamant Rozenbojm, Michael, Nichol, Kathryn, Spielman, Stephanie, & Holness, Linn. (2014). AJIC : American Journal of Infetion Control. February 1, 2015, Volume 43, Issue 2, Pages 115–120.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2014.10.027

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