2014-03-01 12:00 - Messages

Construction worker fatalities related to trusses

An analysis of the OSHA fatality and catastrophic incident database
This study was conducted to gain a better understanding of the risks associated with truss installation in building projects. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) fatality and catastrophic incident database was analyzed for the years inclusive of 1990-2009. The database includes over 15,000 incidents, 211 of which pertain to trusses. The incidents were analyzed as to the number of fatalities per incident, the type of truss, the truss material, the activity taking place at the time of the accident, the release of the hoisting equipment, the initiation of the accident, the presence of bracing materials, the type of construction, the length of the trusses, the location of the incident, the type of accident (fall, caught-in/between, struck by, or electrocution), and the year the fatality occurred. Many of the accidents occurred at elevation and were initiated in large part by moving or falling objects. The study recommends that further research should focus on the stabilization of incomplete roof structures and the implementation of best practices for fall protection while performing truss-related work.

Source: Grant A, Hinze J. Safety Sci. 2014; 65: 54-62.

Groupe CSA publie une nouvelle édition de la norme sur les dispositifs autorétractables pour la prévention des chutes

Les chutes de hauteurs comptent parmi les causes les plus courantes de blessures graves et de décès liés au travail. Quand des conditions de travail comportent un risque de chute, un système de protection antichute est un élément essentiel des pratiques et procédures en matière de santé et sécurité au travail (SST).
La nouvelle édition de la norme Z259.2.2 Dispositifs autorétractables fait partie de la série de solutions antichute de Groupe CSA. Cette nouvelle édition comprend des mises à jour et des révisions d'une importance cruciale pour maintenir la sécurité des dispositifs autorétractables utilisés comme composantes de connexion des systèmes de protection contre les chutes.

Source: http://shop.csa.ca/fr/canada/fall-protection/z25922-14/invt/27007332014/?utm_term=z259.2.2-14&utm_content=html-textlink&utm_source=CSA+Standards+Newsletter&utm_campaign=4287fe9e9a-OHS_FR_March_2014&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_4adf1fbe45-4287fe9e9a-285310937

Recommended Guidance for Extended Use and Limited Reuse of N95 Filtering Facepiece Respirators in Healthcare Settings

This document recommends practices for extended use and limited reuse of NIOSH-certified N95 filtering facepiece respirators (commonly called “N95 respirators”). The recommendations are intended for use by professionals who manage respiratory protection programs in healthcare institutions to protect health care workers from job-related risks of exposure to infectious respiratory illnesses.

Source: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/hcwcontrols/RecommendedGuidanceExtUse.html

Needlestick injury prevention

Lessons learned from acute-care hospitals in Ontario
Needlestick injuries have been identified as an important modifiable risk factor associated with the transmission of blood-borne pathogens between patients and health-care workers. A number of jurisdictions, including the province of Ontario, turned to regulation to accelerate the adoption of safety-engineered needles (SENs) for the prevention of needlestick injuries. Yet surveillance data available in work-related emergency department and workers' compensation claims records demonstrates that needlestick injuries have not declined substantially in Ontario.
Case studies were carried out in three acute-care hospitals in Ontario to help stakeholders understand why needlestick injuries continue to occur and what might challenge and support further progress in this area. The findings from these case studies are included in this report.

Source: http://www.iwh.on.ca/needlestick-injury-prevention-lessons-learned-from-acute-care-hospitals-in-ontario

Gloves, extra gloves or special types of gloves for preventing percutaneous exposure injuries in healthcare personnel

Healthcare workers are at risk of acquiring viral diseases such as hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV through exposure to contaminated blood and body fluids at work. Most often infection occurs when a healthcare worker inadvertently punctures the skin of their hand with a sharp implement that has been used in the treatment of an infected patient, thus bringing the patient's blood into contact with their own. Such occurrences are commonly known as percutaneous exposure incidents.

Source: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD009573.pub2/abstract;jsessionid=C1C876D4D630D401729A12548A2C8D4C.f02t04?systemMessage=Wiley+Online+Library+will+be+disrupted+Saturday%2C+15+March+from+10%3A00-12%3A00+GMT+%2806%3A00-08%3A00+EDT%29+for+essential+maintenance

Management of ionizing radiation injuries and illnesses, part 1

Physics, radiation protection, and radiation instrumentation
Ionizing radiation injuries and illnesses are exceedingly rare; therefore, most physicians have never managed such conditions. When confronted with a possible radiation injury or illness, most physicians must seek specialty consultation. Protection of responders, health care workers, and patients is an absolute priority for the delivery of medical care. Management of ionizing radiation injuries and illnesses, as well as radiation protection, requires a basic understanding of physics. Also, to provide a greater measure of safety when working with radioactive materials, instrumentation for detection and identification of radiation is needed. Because any health care professional could face a radiation emergency, it is imperative that all institutions have emergency response plans in place before an incident occurs. The present article is an introduction to basic physics, ionizing radiation, radiation protection, and radiation instrumentation, and it provides a basis for management of the consequences of a radiologic or nuclear incident.

Source: Christensen DM, Jenkins MS, Sugarman SL, Glassman ES. J. Am. Osteopath. Assoc. 2014; 114(3): 189-199.

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