2012-08-01 12:00 - Messages

Changes in eye protection behavior following an occupational eye injury

This study investigated whether workers modify eye protection behavior following an occupational eye injury. Workers treated for work-related eye injuries were questioned regarding the use of protective eyewear for the work-month prior to their eye injuries and again 6 to 12 months later. Workers reported an increase in the proportion of work-time they used eye protection (from a median of 20% to 100%; p < .0001). The effect appeared to be driven by whether eye protection was used at the time of the injury. Most respondents (66%) indicated they were more likely to use eye protection since their injuries. Workers not using eye protection at the time of injury were more likely to use eye protection in the future. A variety of employer and employee factors may influence this change. Although many workers' behaviors changed, health care providers should embrace the teachable moment when treating occupational eye injuries to encourage continued use or more appropriate forms of eye protection.


Source : Blackburn JL, Levitan EB, Maclennan PA, Owsley C, McGwin G. Changes in eye protection behavior following an occupational eye injury. Workplace Health Saf. 2012; ePub
http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/21650799-20120816-52

L’utilisation d'aiguilles émoussées réduit le risque qu'ont les chirurgiens de contracter des maladies infectieuses

 Cette revue de la littérature, effectuée dans plusieurs bases de données médicales (jusqu'à mai 2011), vise à évaluer l'effet préventif des aiguilles émoussées, par rapport aux aiguilles pointues, sur les blessures par piqûre d'aiguille chez le personnel chirurgical. Nous avons trouvé 10 ECR (essai contrôlé randomisé)  recouvrant 2961 opérations dans lesquelles des aiguilles émoussées ont été comparées à des aiguilles pointues. En moyenne, un chirurgien utilisant des aiguilles pointues subissait une perforation de gant pour trois opérations. L'utilisation d'aiguilles émoussées a réduit le risque de perforation des gants de 54% par rapport aux aiguilles pointues. L'utilisation d'aiguilles émoussées dans six opérations permettra donc d'éviter une perforation de gant. Dans quatre études, l'utilisation d'aiguilles émoussées a également réduit de 69% le nombre de piqûres accidentelles signalées par les intéressés. Les auteurs concluent qu'il existe des preuves de qualité élevée que l'utilisation d'aiguilles émoussées réduit sensiblement le risque qu'ont les chirurgiens et leurs assistants de contracter des maladies infectieuses dans toute une gamme d'opérations, de par la réduction du nombre de blessures par piqûre d'aiguille.

Source: Parantainen A, Verbeek JH, Lavoie M-C, Pahwa M. Blunt versus sharp suture needles for preventing percutaneous exposure incidents in surgical staff. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2011, Issue 6. Art. No.: CD009170. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD009170

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD009170/abstract

Voir aussi:  «The FDA, NIOSH, and OSHA strongly encourage health care professionals in surgical settings to use blunt-tip suture needles to suture muscle and fascia, when clinically appropriate, to reduce the risk of needlestick injury and subsequent pathogen transmission to surgical personnel.»

FDA, NIOSH & OSHA JoInt safety communIcatIon: Blunt-Tip Surgical Suture Needles Reduce Needlestick Injuries and the Risk of Subsequent Bloodborne Pathogen Transmission to Surgical Personnel. May 30, 2012

http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/bbp/pdfs/Blunt-tip_Suture_Needles_Safety.pdf

 

Glasses for computer users

Many jobs include the use of computers or visual display units (VDUs). Many users of VDUs also suffer from refractive error (an inability of the eye to focus light). A Chinese author team is currently searching for the best available evidence on spectacles and surgical procedures to correct refractive error.

Source : Glasses for computer users. Electronic Newsletter of the Cochrane Occupational Safety and Health Review Group. Issue 3, June 2012
http://www.emaileri.fi/g/l/57558/12227509/124346/1078/479/3

Voir aussi: Li HH, Heus P, Li L, Yang J, Kuang J, Li YP, Xiong T. Optical correction of refractive error for preventing and treating eye symptoms in computer users (Protocol). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012, Issue 5. 
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD009877/abstract?systemMessage=Wiley+Online+Library+will+be+disrupted+on+4+August+from+10%3A00-12%3A00+BST+%2805%3A00-07%3A00+EDT%29+for+essential+maintenance

Best practice guidelines for working on roofs

The guidelines provide practical guidance to employers, contractors, employees, designers, principals, persons who control a place of work, and architects who are engaged in work associated with roofing. The guidelines apply to a wide range of work situations where workers are placed in a position from which falls are possible. These situations include new roof installations, re-roofing, repairs and maintenance work on roofs.

Importance is placed on managing the hazards associated with working on roofs by identifying hazards through planning, assessing, and controlling the hazards. This includes planning safe access to the roof, inspecting the roof for potential height hazards, and identifying and assessing brittle roofing.

Source : http://www.osh.dol.govt.nz/order/catalogue/pdf/roofs-best-practice.pdf

 

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