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Improving farm safety: standards for agricultural machinery just updated
The series of standards ISO 25119, Tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry – Safety-related parts of control systems, is widely used by the agricultural industry and its suppliers and has recently been updated. It sets out the general principles for the design and development of safety-related parts of control systems on tractors and self-propelled ride-on machines used in agriculture and forestry. It can even be applied to mobile equipment used in municipalities such as street-sweeping machines. The standards in the series are: · ISO 25119-1, Tractors and machinery for...
NF ISO 5006 - Engins de terrassement
Le présent document spécifie une méthode d'essai statique qui permet de déterminer et d'évaluer le champ de vision de l'opérateur, mesurée sur un contour rectangulaire entourant l'engin et sur un cercle d'essai de visibilité (VTC) de 12 m de rayon. Il s'applique aux engins de terrassement tels que définis dans l'ISO 6165, qui ont un poste de l'opérateur assis, et qui sont destinés à fonctionner sur des chantiers et circuler sur les voies publiques. Il fournit des critères de...
Worker safety and injury severity analysis of earthmoving equipment accidents
Introduction: Research on construction worker safety associated with construction equipment has mostly focused on accident type rather than injury severity and the embedded factor relationships. Significant variables and their effects on the degree of injury are examined for earthmoving equipment using data from OSHA. Four types of equipment, backhoe, bulldozer, excavator, and scraper are included in the study. Accidents involving on-foot workers and equipment operators are investigated collectively, as well as separately. Methods: Cross tabulation analysis was conducted to establish the associations...
Critères d’aménagement sécuritaire et ergonomique des postes de haleur et de support à casiers des homardiers du Québec
La pratique de la pêche commerciale est reconnue comme l'un des métiers les plus dangereux à l'échelle mondiale. Entre 2012 et 2014, elle a fait l'objet de deux projets de recherche qui ont été réalisés en Gaspésie et aux Îles-de-la-Madeleine. Le premier visait à analyser les activités de travail et les risques de chute par-dessus bord des homardiers ainsi que leurs déterminants, tandis que le deuxième consistait en l'étude des aménagements aux postes de travail «...
NF ISO 12117-2 - Engins de terrassement - Essais de laboratoire et exigences de performance des structures de protection des pelles
Partie 2 : structures de protection au retournement (ROPS) pour pelles de terrassement de plus de 6 t La présente partie de l'ISO 12117 établit un moyen uniforme et reproductible pour évaluer les caractéristiques de charge des structures de protection au retournement (ROPS) pour les pelles sous charges statiques et spécifie les critères de performance d'un échantillon représentatif dans ces conditions de charge. Source: https://www.boutique.afnor.org/norme/nf-iso-12117-2/engins-de-terrassement-essais-de-laboratoire-et-exigences-de...
ISO 17757:2017 - Earth-moving machinery and mining
Autonomous and semi-autonomous machine system safety This document provides safety requirements for autonomous machines and semi-autonomous machines used in earth-moving and mining operations, and their autonomous or semi-autonomous machine systems (ASAMS). It specifies safety criteria both for the machines and their associated systems and infrastructure, including hardware and software, and provides guidance on safe use in their defined functional environments during the machine and system life cycle. It also defines terms and definitions related to ASAMS. Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/fr...
Numerical analysis of passive safety systems in forklift trucks
90 accidents involving forklift trucks occur each year in Poland, resulting in nearly 100 injured persons including 10–15 fatalities. The most frequent and most dangerous accidents include those caused by the loss of stability of a forklift truck with the operator inside, resulting in its tip-over. More than a half of this type of incidents have a fatal outcome. The paper describes results of tests aimed at verifying the effectiveness of passive safety systems used to protect the operator against the effects of the truck tip-over. The tests were performed with the use of numerical simulation...
Implantation du cadenassage des équipements mobiles dans le secteur municipal
Étude exploratoire Lors d'une étude précédente, il a été constaté que les équipements mobiles (c.-à-d. machines ou équipements autopropulsés, remorqués ou transportés) sont rarement pris en compte dans les programmes de cadenassage, bien qu'ils soient des sources potentielles d'accidents graves lors de phases hors production. Les obligations réglementaires vis-à-vis du contrôle des énergies dangereuses concernent les équipements mobiles au même titre que...
Arrimage en sécurité d'engins sur véhicules routiers
Le présent guide a été réalisé afin de servir d'outil à l'ensemble du personnel et des responsables ayant en charge l'arrimage d'engins, a priori équipés de points d'arrimage. Tout en précisant le cadre juridique, il décrit une démarche organisationnelle au sein de l'entreprise, qui vise à sécuriser les transports par la route des engins les plus courants. Sur le plan pratique, il fait référence uniquement à la méthode d'arrimage direct en diagonale...
Renversement latéral des chariots élévateurs
Évaluation de systèmes à gain de stabilité Les chariots élévateurs à contrepoids sont des engins de manutention relativement instables de par leur conception. pour pallier cette difficulté, les principaux fabricants européens ont récemment proposé des améliorations sous forme de systèmes permettant d'augmenter la stabilité. Une étude a été menée par l'INRS et le BGHW pour évaluer ces dispositifs. Cet article en présente les résultats. Source...
NIOSH Center for Motor Vehicle Safety: Results from 2016 Midcourse Review
The NIOSH Center for Motor Vehicle Safety conducted a midcourse review of its NIOSH Center for Motor Vehicle Safety Strategic Plan for Research and Prevention, 2014-2018. This document outlines midcourse review purpose, methodology, results of internal review and external input, and research topics to consider for the remaining two years of the strategic plan. Source: https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2017-139/
Multi-site delivery issues for heavy goods vehicles
The purpose of this scoping study was to establish whether there were specific safety issues relating to multi-site deliveries, and how widespread these were within the UK road haulage industry. This study builds on previous work carried out on load securing of goods transported by road. Multi-site deliveries in themselves do not appear to introduce additional hazards, over and above those encountered in the haulage industry overall. However, they do appear to increase the exposure to hazards because drivers are required to access the load area more frequently and the profile of multi-site deliveries...
Forklift truck reverse sensor systems assessment
Counterbalance forklift trucks (FLTs) are widely used in a variety of industry sectors for material handling. Incidents involving FLTs are typically vehicle/pedestrian, vehicle/vehicle, or vehicle/structure collisions. Of these, vehicle/pedestrian incidents have the most potential for reportable injury and around 500 incidents a year involving moving FLTs are reported to HSE. Measures to improve or augment the operator's field of vision can include: mirrors and CCTV systems (which rely on the operator's observations) and sensor systems (including ultrasonic, radar, and Radio Frequency Identification...
Exploring the human and physical factors associated with telescopic handler overturning risks
A combination of machine instability and various human factors elements are important precipitating factors in telescopic handler overturn incidents. Industry guidance makes a number of assumptions about the impact of operator “knowledge gaps”, however the link between operator knowledge gaps and overturn risk is, at present, hypothetical and remains empirically untested. This study was done to identify: - the full range of human factors issues that might potentially contribute to telescopic handler overturn incidents; - the human factors issues that appear to be most important in terms...
A hybrid human and organizational analysis method for railway accidents based on HFACS-Railway Accidents (HFACS-RAs)
Accidents continue to be the major concern in the railway industry, and human factors have been proved to be the prime causes to railway accidents. In this paper, the Human Factors Analysis and Classification System-Railway Accidents (HFACS-RAs) framework is proposed to identify and classify human and organizational factors involved in railway accidents. To establish an applicable HFACS-RAs framework, large amount of incident and accident data are collected and the existing safety flaws are identified by safety experts, manufactures and railway managers who have attended the HFACS workshop. To...
The use of vehicle structure in load securing on heavy goods vehicles
Securing loads for safe transport is a legal requirement in the UK. It helps to protect the driver of the vehicle, other road users and pedestrians during the vehicle's journey from vehicle rollover or load detachment, and the driver and unloading personnel from the risks inherent in unloading a load that has been able to move in transit. This report assesses the legislation applicable to the transport of goods in the UK under both road traffic and health and safety at work legislation. It assesses the guidance available to operators and consignors and the methods of securing loads that are...
Access to and work on flatbed vehicles
Flatbed vehicles are widely used to transport many types of goods on the road. They offer advantages over closed vehicles in terms of easy access to the load bed for loading and unloading and versatility of use. A number of fatal or major incidents are reported to HSE and local authorities where drivers, members of the public, or site personnel have been injured during the loading and unloading of these vehicles. This report describes a multi-disciplinary, mixed-method approach to research on this topic, comprising both quantitative and qualitative analysis, undertaken to establish contributory...
A novel train control approach to avoid rear-end collision based on geese migration principle
For current train interval control based on Automatic Train Protection (ATP) system, when the ATP outputs erroneous commands or is unable to realize fail-safety in the case of ATP equipment failure, train rear-end collision will be likely to happen. The “7.23” train accident happened in 2011 in China is a typical example. A method of parallel control of train interval by using both Centralized Traffic Control (CTC) and ATP, or simplified as CTC&ATP based interval control, is proposed. By adding some hardware and software into the existing CTC system, the CTC can monitor train following...
Dossier dédié aux véhicules électriques
Les véhicules et engins électriques se propagent peu à peu dans notre environnement quotidien. Que ce soit dans un cadre personnel ou dans un cadre professionnel, ils sont de plus en plus utilisés du fait, d'abord, de leur moindre impact environnemental. Mais s'ils sont différents de leurs semblables à moteur thermique d'un point de vue écologique, ils s'en distinguent également en matière de risques professionnels, notamment lors des opérations de maintenance. Source: (2016). Travail & sécu rité...
Safety in the storage and handling of steel and other metal stock
Many accidents, some resulting in death and serious injury, continue to occur during the storage and handling of steel and other metal stock. They cause enormous social and economic cost over and above the human tragedy involved. It is in everyone's interest that they are reduced. Accident investigations often show that these injuries could have been avoided. This revised guidance is aimed at directors, owners, managers and supervisors and pays particular attention to the most common hazards, including (un)loading of delivery vehicles, storage systems, workplace transport, mechanical lifting...
Mise à quai des poids lourds
Les opérations de recul des poids lourds et, en particulier, les phases de mise à quai en marche arrière constituent des manoeuvres délicates, génératrices d'accidents corporels graves et d'accidents matériels répétés. L'offre de dispositifs d'aide à la conduite, d'aide visuelle, de détection... destinés à assister les conducteurs lors des manoeuvres en marche arrière peut convaincre les utilisateurs que l'équipement de leurs véhicules permettra de supprimer...
Occupational accidents with agricultural machinery in Austria
The number of recognized accidents with fatalities during agricultural and forestry work, despite of better technology and coordinated prevention and trainings, is still very high in Austria. The accident scenarios in which people are injured are very different on farms. The common causes of accidents in agriculture and forestry are the loss of control of machine, means of transport or handling equipment, hand-held tool, object or animal, followed by slipping, stumbling and falling, breakage, bursting, splitting, slipping, fall, collapse of material agent. In the literature, a numerous number on...
Establishing direct and contributory factors to the uncontrolled movement of Heavy Goods Vehicles (HGVs) during coupling and uncoupling
A number of fatal or major vehicle incidents are reported to the Health and Safety Executive and local authorities every year where heavy good vehicle drivers have been injured during the coupling and/or uncoupling of the tractor and the trailer unit. When coupling and uncoupling the trailer to and from the tractor unit, the parking brakes on both units should be applied to ensure that neither unit is able to move in an uncontrolled manner. Unintended movement is known as a vehicle runaway. Source: http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1069.htm
Guidance on the Safe Use of Tractors and Machinery on Farms
This guidance is intended for all those who use tractors and machinery in Irish farming. The scope includes their use on dairy, beef, sheep, equine, pig, poultry, mushroom and tillage farms, plant nurseries and vegetable producers. Source: http://www.hsa.ie/eng/Publications_and_Forms/Publications/Latest_Publications/Guidance_on_the_Safe_Use_of_Tractors_and_Machinery_on_Farms.63341.shortcut.html
Aviation-Related Wildland Firefighter Fatalities
United States, 2000–2013 Airplanes and helicopters are integral to the management and suppression of wildfires, often operating in high-risk, low-altitude environments. To update data on aviation-related wildland firefighting fatalities, identify risk factors, and make recommendations for improved safety, CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) analyzed reports from multiple data sources for the period 2000–2013. Among 298 wildland firefighter fatalities identified during 2000–2013, 78 (26.2%) were aviation-related occupational fatalities that occurred...
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