2015-03-01 12:00 - Messages

Occupational accidents with mowing machines in Austrian agriculture

The number of recognized accidents during agricultural work is still very high in Austria. In the years 2008 to 2009, there occurred 84 approved work accidents with mowing machines. The main causes of accidents were the loss of control of machines, transportations or conveyances, hand tools, objects or animals. In the literature, numerous studies of general agricultural and forestry accident situations are available. Detailed studies on specific types of agricultural machines, which describe concrete circumstances and causes of accidents, are in limited numbers. The accident database from the General Accident Insurance Institution and the Austrian Social Insurance Institution of Farmers, with personal and accidental data information about mowing machine accidents, were analyzed. The results showed that most accidents occurred on mixed agricultural farms (68%). The majority of the injured persons were male (86%), over 40-years-old (86%) with an agricultural or forestry education (91%). The most common accidents occurred in the summer months (69%) and on afternoons during the working week (79%). The majority of accidents were caused by contact with the machine (55%) and the loss of control (73%) during their operation (60%) and harvesting work (63%). The most frequently injuries were wounds, fractures and superficial injuries (81%) to the upper and lower extremities (66%). The results of the chi-square test showed significant correlations between the specific task with the form of contact, the working process, the day and season. Results of the odds ratio determination showed an increased risk of suffering serious injury for men in the first half of the year and half of the day due to loss of control over the machine during agricultural harvesting work.

Source: Kogler R, Quendler E, Boxberger. J. Ann. Agric. Environ. Med. 2015; 22: 137-141.

Assessment of the arm locking systems of two-post vehicle lifts

Following a number of instances of vehicles falling from two-post vehicle lifts, the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) became concerned that some lifts available for sale in the United Kingdom (UK) may not be fit for purpose due to inferior build quality and or design. A particular area of concern identified by HSE was the locking systems used to secure the carrying arms during lifting operations.
The purpose of this research was to investigate whether a selection of typical two-post vehicle lifts forming a cross-section of what was available on the UK market (at the time the research was instigated), complied with the requirements of paragraph four of section 5.9.5 in BS EN 1493:2010.
Only three out of the seven lifts tested met the requirements of paragraph four of section 5.9.5 of BS EN 1493:2010. Of these three, only one (out of five) used a gear and block locking system. The remaining two lifts (out of two) utilised an interlocking circular gears system.

Source: http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr1030.htm

Observation and analysis of 57 lockout procedures applied to machinery in 8 sawmills

Occupational health and safety regulations require the application of lockout procedures to prevent injuries and fatalities in Canada and in other countries. Absences of lockout procedures or incorrect lockout procedures are linked to many accidents involving machinery in the literature. This paper presents the findings of qualitative research which examined how workers involved in repairs, maintenance or unjamming activities inside or around hazardous zones of machinery apply lockout procedures. This subject was investigated in 8 sawmills in Quebec by observing the application of 57 lockout procedures. Based on the observations, it can be said that important steps in the lockout procedures are omitted. Some interventions are carried out without lockout procedures, exposing workers to hazards. Machine safeguarding in sawmills presents serious flaws and the safety of workers depend heavily on correct lockout procedures.

Source: Poisson P, Chinniah Y. Safety Sci. 2015; 72: 160-171.

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