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Le rôle futur des mégadonnées et de l’apprentissage automatique dans l’amélioration de l’efficacité des inspections de santé et de sécurité
Cet article examine la manière dont les inspections du travail pourraient utiliser les mégadonnées afin de déterminer efficacement les cibles des inspections de santé et de sécurité. Il expose la manière dont les autorités déterminent actuellement les objets des inspections et utilisent les nouvelles technologies numériques afin de recenser les entreprises à haut risque. L’article passe en revue des exemples de technologies pertinentes mises en pratique, notamment un outil développé par l’Autorité...
Developing a new screening tool of psychosocial hazards
IWH lends tool development expertise to StressAssess, OHCOW’S new measure of toxic workplaces. As chronic mental stress becomes recognized as a compensable work-related injury by a growing number of compensation systems across Canada, workplaces have more reason than ever to tackle toxic work environments as they would any other safety hazard. To support efforts by workplaces to address psychosocial hazards, the Occupational Health Clinics for Ontario Workers (OHCOW) and the Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety (CCOHS) released a tool called StressAssess earlier this year. The...
Third party audits of the psychosocial work environment in occupational health and safety management systems
Occupational health and safety management (OHSM) systems certified according to OHSAS 18,001 are gaining importance. A key element in OHSAS 18,001 is third party audits. Psychosocial risks are only briefly mentioned in the standard, and the question therefore remains whether audits in practice cover these risks to a sufficient extent. The article provides a first answer to this question through a study of the whole value chain from accreditation of certification bureaus to the subsequent audits and workplace reactions. The results indicate that the accreditation body pays limited attention to psychosocial...
The workaholism Battery - WorkBat
Ce document appartient à une série publiée régulièrement dans la revue. Elle analyse les questionnaires utilisés dans les démarches de diagnostic et de prévention du stress et des risques psychosociaux au travail. L'article, par les mêmes auteurs, " Les questionnaires dans la démarche de prévention du stress au travail " (TC 134, Doc Méd Trav. 2011 ; 125 : 23-35), présente cette série et propose au préventeur une aide pour choisir l'outil d'évaluation le mieux adapté...
Enhancing the detection of injuries and near-misses among patient care staff in a large pediatric hospital
Objective: Compared to other industries, healthcare has one of the highest rates of non-fatal occupational injury/illness. Evidence indicates these rates are underestimated, highlighting the need for improved injury surveillance. This study aims to demonstrate the feasibility of integrating active data collection in a passive injury surveillance system to improve detection of injuries in a healthcare establishment. Methods: Using digital voice recorders (DVR), pediatric healthcare providers prospectively recorded events throughout their shift for two weeks. This sample-based active injury surveillance...
Questionnaire d'évaluation de la santé au travail et du bien-être au travail pour la prévention, le diagnostic et l'intervention (SATIN)
Ce document appartient à une série publiée régulièrement dans la revue. Elle analyse les questionnaires utilisés dans les démarches de diagnostic et de prévention du stress et des risques psychosociaux au travail. L'article, par les mêmes auteurs, " Les questionnaires dans la démarche de prévention du stress au travail " (TC 134, Doc Méd Trav. 2011 ; 125 : 23-35), présente cette série et propose au préventeur une aide pour choisir l'outil d'évaluation le mieux adapté...
L'amélioration des conditions de travail aux postes de bouverie et de tuerie en abattoirs de boucherie
En octobre 2016, une commission d'enquête parlementaire émettait des recommandations pour renforcer la protection des animaux en abattoirs. À la demande du ministère de l‘Agriculture et de l'Alimentation, l'Anact a réalisé une étude pour mieux éclairer les liens entre les enjeux économiques, de conditions de travail et de protection animale. Les analyses ont mis en évidence qu'il est nécessaire de prendre en compte la réalité du travail des différents acteurs (opérateurs...
Burnout risk profiles among French psychologists
The aims of this study were 1) to show that the use of different cut-off scores available in the literature can lead to erroneous conclusions, adding to the emerging literature highlighting the problems associated with its use, and 2) to propose an alternative technique − Cluster Analysis − to assess the risk of burnout as well as to identify profiles at risk of burnout. Burnout was measured among 664 French psychologists using the French-Canadian version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (Dion & Tessier, 1994). Our participants were classified as high on each dimension of the MBI...
Work Addiction Risk Test - WART
Ce document appartient à une série publiée régulièrement dans la revue. Elle analyse les questionnaires utilisés dans les démarches de diagnostic et de prévention du stress et des risques psychosociaux au travail. L'article, par les mêmes auteurs, " Les questionnaires dans la démarche de prévention du stress au travail " (TC 134, Doc Méd Trav. 2011 ; 125 : 23-35), présente cette série et propose au préventeur une aide pour choisir l'outil d'évaluation le mieux adapté...
Visual Literacy: How "Learning to See" Benefits Occupational Safety
The concept of visual literacy has been around for decades, and has typically been used in developing better teaching and learning techniques in the classroom. Recently however, visual literacy has been gaining traction in the workplace as a skill and tool to better identify occupational hazards that could lead to safety incidents. The following is a brief summary of what visual literacy is and how it can benefit occupational safety. Additionally, this document includes an outline of a new research project on visual literacy involving the Campbell Institute, its members and partners, and the Toledo...
The relationship between occupational health and safety vulnerability and workplace injury
This study employs a recently developed conceptual framework and measurement tool that moves beyond defining occupational health and safety (OH&S) vulnerability using population or occupational characteristics, and instead examines how work and workplace characteristics shape an individual worker's risk of injury (Smith et al., 2015). The measurement tool captures information on four dimensions of OH&S vulnerability: (1) exposure to workplace hazards; (2) workplace safety policies and procedures; (3) worker awareness of health and safety-related rights and responsibilities; and (4)...
Déséquilibre "efforts/récompenses" (Questionnaire dit de Siegrist)
Ce document présente le questionnaire dit de Siegrist, qui a pour objectf la prédiction de la détresse psychologique et des problèmes de santé qui peuvent survenir lorsqu'il y a un déséquilibre entre les efforts requis par l'activité et la reconnaissance reçue. Il appartient à une série qui analyse les questionnaires utilisés dans les démarches de diagnostic et de prévention du stress et des risques psychosociaux au travail. Le dossier médico-technique TC 134 "Les questionnaires...
Mining Publication
Incorporating Judgment and Decisionmaking into Quarterly Mine Escape Training Based on a Mine Fire Scenario The major coal mine disasters of 2006 raised a number of issues about mine emergency preparedness and response. These included concerns about miners' judgment and decisionmaking skills under the stress of a mine escape and miners' familiarity with escape procedures. In response, researchers from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) sought to learn how mines are incorporating judgment and decisionmaking skills into mine escape training. They took an in...
Roles of age, length of service and job in work-related injury: A prospective study of 63,620 person-years in female workers.
Background The roles of age, length of service and job in various work-related injury types are unknown and deserve investigations among female workers. This study assessed their roles in the occurrence of injury. Methods Three-year prospective study of all 22,952 permanently employed women at the French national railway company: 63,620 person-years, 756 injuries with working days lost, coded using the company's injury classification derived from that of the French health insurance scheme. We investigated the incidence of four types of injury: fall on same level, fall to lower level, materials...
Risques psychosociaux et document unique d’évaluation des risques : changer de regard sur le travail
Inscrire les risques psychosociaux dans le document unique répond à une obligation réglementaire. Afin d'aider les entreprises et pour les accompagner dans leurs démarches d'évaluation des risques, plusieurs méthodologies sont aujourd'hui disponibles. La revue Travail et sécurité propose dans l'édition de septembre un dossier sur les risques psychosociaux. Source : http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/
The Shift-Work Accident Rate is More Related to the Shift Type than to Shift Rotation
The current study investigated the accident rates across morning, late, and night shifts in rotating shift-workers employed in two different shift rotations at the same steel work factory. A retrospective analysis has been performed of accident data (N = 578) over a 5-year period (2003 through 2007) of 730 male shift-workers employed in either a clockwise (mean age of the workers 38.1 ± SD 9.8 years) or counterclockwise rotation (mean age 38.0 ± SD 10.1 years) with comparable work conditions. The overall accident rate across the 24-h day was not significantly different between clockwise...
Evaluer les RPS dans le secteur sanitaire et social : Un nouvel outil pour faire le point sur les risques psychosociaux
Cet outil a été développé pour aider les petites structures (moins de 50 salariés) du secteur sanitaire et social à évaluer les risques psychosociaux (RPS) et à intégrer ces risques dans leur document unique. Il est composé : - d'une grille sous forme Excel comprenant une quarantaine de questions, à renseigner collectivement (responsable de la structure et salariés). Elle permet de s'interroger et d'identifier la présence ou non d'éventuels RPS dans la structure. - d'un tableau...
Effect of safety investments on safety performance of building projects
The construction industry is increasingly reliant on the voluntary effort of contractors to reduce accidents on construction sites. This study aims to investigate the effects of contractors’ safety investments on safety performance and identify the factors influencing the effects of safety investments on safety performance. To fulfill the research aims, a regression/correlation research design was adopted. Data were collected using multiple techniques (structured interviews, archival data and questionnaires) with 47 completed building projects. Bivariate correlation and moderated regression...
Nottingham Health Profile (NHP) ou Indicateur de santé perceptuelle de Nottingham (ISPN)
Ce questionnaire permet une mesure de la santé perçue en population générale ou chez des malades, en quantifiant la perception des problèmes de santé sur le plan physique, émotionnel et social. Ce document appartient à une série publiée régulièrement dans la revue. Elle analyse les questionnaires utilisés dans les démarches de diagnostic et de prévention du stress et des risques psychosociaux au travail. Le dossier médico-technique TC 134 "Les questionnaires dans la démarche...
Questionnaire d'évaluation des représentations des déterminants organisationnels et psychosociaux (QERDOPS)
Lors de l'analyse ergonomique du travail, cet outil complète les observations et verbalisations pour accéder à la réalité représentée et cerner ses liens avec les réalités prescrite et effective. Ce document appartient à une série publiée régulièrement dans la revue. Elle analyse les questionnaires utilisés dans les démarches de diagnostic et de prévention du stress et des risques psychosociaux au travail. Le dossier médico-technique TC 134 "Les questionnaires dans...
Psychosocial risk assessment : French validation of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ)
Aims : This study presents a French version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ) and analyses its psychometric properties for the purpose of validation. The questionnaire assesses psychosocial risk factors at work. The French questionnaire (derived from the Danish short version) is composed of 32 items grouped into 17 scales measuring five domains and eight additional questions assessing aggressive behaviour at work. Method: The questionnaire was administered to 935 employees of a large firm in the Parisian area. Results : All psychometric analyses performed (internal consistency...
Age related changes and safety critical work - Identification of tools and a review of the literature
The removal of a compulsory retirement age may have implications for health and safety at work, and as such is a cross-cutting issue for HSE. HSE is concerned that some workers may continue to perform tasks with deteriorating performance. This may be a particular issue in safety critical and major hazard industries, and could potentially lead to an increase in the risk of major incidents or injury. More generally, dutyholders may also be finding it difficult to judge whether workers have the functional capacity to work to the required level of safe performance. This piece of work has aimed to assess...
Age related changes and safety critical work: Identification of tools and a review of the literature
The removal of a compulsory retirement age may have implications for health and safety at work, and as such is a cross-cutting issue for HSE. HSE is concerned that some workers may continue to perform tasks with deteriorating performance. This may be a particular issue in safety critical and major hazard industries, and could potentially lead to an increase in the risk of major incidents or injury. More generally, dutyholders may also be finding it difficult to judge whether workers have the functional capacity to work to the required level of safe performance. This piece of work has aimed to assess...
The effect of challenge and hindrance stressors on safety behavior and safety outcomes
The significance of occupational stressors as a risk factor in accidents has long been recognized; however, the behavioral mechanisms underlying this relationship are currently not well-understood. Meta-analysis was utilized to test the relationships between occupational stressors (challenge and hindrance), safety behaviors (compliance and participation), and safety outcomes (occupational injuries and near-misses). It was hypothesized that hindrance stressors would have negative effects on both safety compliance and safety participation, and subsequently, safety outcomes, whereas challenge stressors...
Risk factors for work-related injuries among university student employees
This study identified contributing risk factors in the occurrence of work-related injuries among university students employed at a single university. Four hundred seventy-six student employees completed the survey in March 2010. The majority of respondents were female (66%) and the average age of all respondents was 20.7 yr. A pre-validated survey instrument was taken from the Youth Employment and School Study (YESS) and contained scales for the risk factors of interest. Results show significant differences in the amount of work-school conflict, boredom, workplace hazards, and workload between...
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