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Carcinogenicity of night shift work
In June, 2019, a Working Group of 27 scientists from 16 countries met at the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) in Lyon, France, to finalise their evaluation of the carcinogenicity of night shift work. This assessment will be published in volume 124 of the IARC Monographs. In 2007, shift work involving circadian disruption was classified as “probably carcinogenic to humans” (Group 2A), on the basis of sufficient evidence in experimental animals and limited evidence of breast cancer in humans. In this updated evaluation, the Working Group chose the name “night shift...
Workplace violence and development of burnout symptoms
A prospective cohort study on 1823 social educators Purpose: Burnout and workplace violence (WPV) have been associated in cross-sectional studies, but longitudinal studies with solid methods and adequate sample sizes are lacking. This study investigates whether WPV increases burnout symptoms during a 12-month period. Methods: Questionnaire data were collected on 1823 social educators at baseline and 12-month follow-up, coupled with additionally 12 monthly text-message surveys on exposure to WPV. Using general linear modelling for repeated measures, we estimated change over time in burnout symptoms...
The effects of sleep on workplace cognitive failure and safety
Healthy employee sleep is important for occupational safety, but the mechanisms that explain the relationships among sleep and safety-related behaviors remain unknown. We draw from Crain, Brossoit, and Fisher's (in press) work, nonwork, and sleep (WNS) framework and Barnes' (2012) model of sleep and self-regulation in organizations to investigate the influence of construction workers' self-reported sleep quantity (i.e., duration) and quality (i.e., feeling well-rest upon awakening, ability to fall asleep and remain asleep) on workplace cognitive failures (i.e., lapses in attention,...
Organisational climate and employee health outcomes: A systematic review
Organisational climate, particularly safety climate, has been documented as a crucial element in promoting occupational health and safety. However, most previous studies have focused more on safety issues (e.g., injuries and accidents) rather than health outcomes (e.g., illnesses, stress, etc). A comprehensive review is also lacking in relation to understanding the organisational climate–health relationship between different levels of analysis, different data sources and different analytical procedures. We conducted a systematic review to investigate previous scholarly contributions to organisational...
Le présentéisme au travail. Mieux évaluer pour mieux prévenir
Le présentéisme au travail, ou le fait de venir travailler alors que l'on est malade, est un phénomène rarement étudié en France car sa mesure de grande échelle était impossible jusqu'à récemment. Dans ce document de travail, nous utilisons les données de l'enquête Conditions de Travail 2013, première enquête nationale en population générale permettant une mesure du phénomène afin d'évaluer les déterminants de sa durée sur une année...
Psychosocial Work Conditions and Mental Health: Examining Differences Across Mental Illness and Well-Being Outcomes
Objectives: Psychosocial work conditions are determinants of mental illness among worker populations. However, while the focus on negative aspects of mental health has generated important contributions to the development of workplace interventions, there is less evidence on the factors that support the positive aspects of mental well-being. This study aimed to examine the association between psychosocial work conditions and mental health outcomes among a representative sample of Canadian workers; and to assess whether the relationships are consistent across measures of mental illness versus mental...
Stressful by design: Exploring health risks of ride-share work
Introduction: For-hire driving work, such as taxi driving, is characterized by long hours of sedentary behaviour, passenger assault, lack of benefits or support, and isolating working conditions that jeopardize good health. The for-hire driving industry has recently expanded to include a new group of ride-share drivers from digital platforms such as Uber and Lyft; this has substantially increased the number of people engaged in for-hire driving. However, there is very little existing research on ride-share drivers' health and safety in relation to their work, and no research on the Canadian...
Troubles musculosquelettiques et risques psychosociaux dans une population de conducteurs ambulanciers hospitaliers
Objectif: L'objectif de notre étude a été de déterminer la prévalence des TMS et des RPS au sein d'une population de conducteurs ambulanciers (CA) d'un centre hospitalier public et d'évaluer les liens entre eux. Méthodologie: Nous avons étudié une population de 65 agents de la Fonction publique, à l'aide d'un hétéro-questionnaire tiré du guide des bonnes pratiques de l'INRS. Les caractéristiques générales des sujets, les plaintes liées aux TMS, le vécu...
The impact of night shift work on breast cancer
Results from the Burden of Occupational Cancer in Canada Study Background: We estimated the proportion and number of female breast cancer cases in Canada attributable to night shift work, a probable cause of breast cancer. Methods: Levin's equation was used to calculate population attributable fractions (PAFs) among Canadian women who ever worked night/rotating shifts from 1961 to 2000, accounting for labor turnover and survival to the year 2011. The calculated PAFs were applied to 2011 Canadian breast cancer incidence statistics to obtain the number of attributable cases. Results: Approximately...
Le rôle futur des mégadonnées et de l’apprentissage automatique dans l’amélioration de l’efficacité des inspections de santé et de sécurité
Cet article examine la manière dont les inspections du travail pourraient utiliser les mégadonnées afin de déterminer efficacement les cibles des inspections de santé et de sécurité. Il expose la manière dont les autorités déterminent actuellement les objets des inspections et utilisent les nouvelles technologies numériques afin de recenser les entreprises à haut risque. L’article passe en revue des exemples de technologies pertinentes mises en pratique, notamment un outil développé par l’Autorité...
Clinical guideline for the diagnosis and management of work-related mental health conditions in general practice
Work related mental health conditions are the second most common cause of workers’ compensation, however, these conditions are typically challenging to diagnose and treat. In Australia, most injured workers seek care from their general practitioner (GP). The Clinical guideline for the diagnosis and management of work-related mental health conditions (the Guideline) has been developed to assist GPs with the diagnosis and management of work-related mental health conditions. The guideline recommendations were approved by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) in late 2018....
Healthy working time arrangements for healthcare personnel and patients
A systematic literature review Background: A number of working time arrangements have been linked to negative consequences for both health personnel and their patients. A common hypothesis put forth to explain these findings suggests that certain working time arrangements lead to negative patient consequences due to the adverse impact they have on employee health. The purpose of this study is to use systematic reviews to investigate whether employee health explains the relationship between working time arrangements and patient safety. Methods: A systematic literature review was performed including...
Risk Perception Key to Workplace Safety and Health
A recent study of 1,334 workers from 20 mine sites found that miners who avoid risk were less likely to experience near-miss incidents, according to a paper published in the Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries. Why is it important to know about near-miss incidents? Previous NIOSH research showed that the likelihood of future injury may increase with the number of near misses. A near miss, otherwise known as a “close call,” is an occurrence that could have caused harm but did not. In high-risk occupations, near-miss incidents must be reported. Risk management, including...
Conflits de valeurs et exigences émotionnelles
Ce numéro de Synthèse.Stat' présente les résultats de l' enquête Conditions de travail – Risques psychosociaux de 2016 concernant les indicateurs relatifs aux conflits de valeurs et aux exigences émotionnelles. Ce volume recouvre deux des six axes d'analyse des risques psychosociaux construits par le collège d'expertise sur le suivi statistique des risques psychosociaux au travail1 : les conflits de valeurs (axe 5) et les exigences émotionnelles (axe 2). Les exigences émotionnelles couvrent non seulement la partie...
Psychosocial Work Conditions and Mental Health: Examining Differences Across Mental Illness and Well-Being Outcomes
Objectives Psychosocial work conditions are determinants of mental illness among worker populations. However, while the focus on negative aspects of mental health has generated important contributions to the development of workplace interventions, there is less evidence on the factors that support the positive aspects of mental well-being. This study aimed to examine the association between psychosocial work conditions and mental health Outcomes among a representative sample of Canadian workers; and to assess whether the relationships are consistent across measures of mental illness versus mental...
Occupational safety and health interventions to protect young workers from hazardous work – A scoping review
Abstract Occupational injury rates are higher among young people when compared to older age groups. Objective Identifying preventive occupational safety and health interventions that aim at protecting young workers from hazards at work while considering their ongoing physical and mental maturation. Methods We ran a sensitive search strategy in twelve electronic databases to locate studies. Two review authors independently screened titles and abstracts, and later full texts for eligibility. One person extracted the details of studies and another checked for errors. Data were analyzed in an iterative...
Occupational Safety and Health Among Young Workers in the Nordic Countries: A Systematic Literature Review
This review aimed to identify risk factors for occupational accidents and illnesses among young workers in the Nordic countries and to attain knowledge on specific vulnerable groups within the young working force that may need special attention. We conducted a systematic review from 1994 to 2014 using five online databases. Of the 12,528 retrieved articles, 54 met the review criteria and were quality assessed, in which data were extracted focusing on identifying occupational safety, health risk factors, and vulnerable groups among the young workers. The review shows that mechanical factors such...
Short rest between shifts (quick returns) and night work is associated with work-related accidents
Purpose The aim of this study was to examine whether less than 11 h between shifts (i.e., quick returns, QRs) and night shifts is associated with self-reported work-related accidents, near accidents or dozing off at work in a sample of nurses. Methods The study was based on cross-sectional data from 1784 nurses (response rate = 60%; mean age = 40.1 years, SD = 8.4; 91% female). Negative binomial regression analyses were conducted to investigate the association between the shift exposures, and eight different self-reported work-related items on accidents...
Caractérisation des effets des expositions aux facteurs psychosociaux sur la santé mentale et l'état de santé général perçu - Analyses à partir de l'enquête "Santé et itinéraire professionnel"
Basée sur l'enquête nationale " Santé et itinéraire professionnel ", cette étude avait l'objectif d'apporter des réponses quant à la nature des effets de 17 facteurs psychosociaux sur la survenue de troubles de la santé mentale et sur la dégradation de l'état de santé général perçu. L'effet se produit-il au moment de l'exposition ou après un certain temps ? La santé mentale et la santé générale perçue sont elles plus altérées...
Associations Between Systemic Quality of Life and Burnout Among French Canadian Workers
Burnout has very often been studied from a work-life specific perspective. However, a recent field of research leads to wonder about the impact that life events can have on the development of burnout. This study therefore investigated the associations between five domains of systemic quality of life and the three dimensions of burnout proposed by Maslach and colleagues. An analysis of correlations and multiple hierarchical regressions were performed on a sample of 202 French Canadian workers. These analyses report inverse associations between quality of life and burnout, with strong negative correlations...
The role of collective affective commitment in the relationship between work–family conflict and emotional exhaustion among nurses: a multilevel modeling approach
Work–family conflict (WFC) is a crucial problem in nursing because of the demanding conditions of the job, such as strenuous shifts, physical and emotional workload, and intense patient involvement. Using a multilevel approach, this study investigated the moderating role of collective affective commitment as a protective resource in the relationship between WFC and emotional exhaustion. Source : BMC Nursing , 18(1), 2/18/2019. 10.1186/s12912-019-0329-z
Too sick or not too sick?: The importance of stress and satisfaction with supervisor support on the prevalence of sickness presenteeism
In a sample of 3,274 full-time Belgian workers, this article found that 62% of workers went to work while being sick (sickness presenteeism) at least once over the past 12 months. Of all workers who did not show sickness presenteeism themselves, another 6 out of 10 saw or heard about sickness presenteeism in their own organization. This turns sickness presenteeism into an important physical and mental health risk, demanding new policy measures from organizational and governmental decision makers. Women were more likely to report sickness presenteeism than men and junior workers were more prone...
Technologies numériques et travail médico-social : retour d’expérience à partir d’une recherche action formation
Dans le cadre d'un programme de recherche, « Les technologies NUmériques au SERvice des USagers dans les établissements sociaux et médico-sociaux » (NUSERUS, septembre 2015 - décembre 2018), qui a pour objectif de recenser et d'analyser les dispositifs sociotechniques utilisés dans les établissements ou services sociaux ou médico-sociaux (ESSMS), notre réflexion se focalise sur les innovations numériques et sociales qui se développent dans ces organisations. Nous mettons en oeuvre une Recherche Action Formation...
Workplace bullying among healthcare professionals in Sweden: a descriptive study
Workplace bullying is a taboo event which occurs worldwide, although the prevalence varies significantly between and within countries. Nurses have been regarded an occupational risk group for bullying at the work place. Bullying in health and social care contexts is sometimes reported as frequent and, other times, as not occurring, which sparked our interest in mapping the occurrence of bullying in the health and social care system in Sweden. Thus, the purpose of the study was to examine the prevalence of bullying, and to discuss cultural traditions and environmental factors that affect bullying...
Un outil en ligne gratuit pour aider les travailleurs de nuit à mieux gérer leur sommeil
La professeure Marie Dumont, de l’UdeM, lance un outil en ligne gratuit destiné aux travailleurs de nuit pour les aider à mieux gérer leur sommeil. Il repose sur ses 30 ans de recherche sur le sujet. Accessible gratuitement, «Mieux vivre le travail de nuit» comprend quatre modules que l’usager peut parcourir à son rythme. «Basé sur des connaissances scientifiques plutôt que sur des opinions comme c’est souvent le cas sur Internet, il propose également plusieurs ressources et références qui permettront...
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