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Working to rule, or working safely? Part 1: A state of the art review
The paper reviews the literature from 1986 on the management of those safety rules and procedures which relate to the workplace level in organisations. It contrasts two different paradigms of how rules and their development and use are perceived and managed. The first is a top-down classical, rational approach in which rules are seen as static, comprehensive limits of freedom of choice, imposed on operators at the sharp end and violations are seen as negative behaviour to be suppressed. The second is a bottom-up constructivist view of rules as dynamic, local, situated constructions of operators...
Motivation, attitudes, perceptions and skills: pathways to safe work
There is a wealth of information on workplace culture, interventions, capacity building and managing work health and safety risks. Less is known about socio-psychological factors, such as motivation, attitudes and perceptions that influence work health and safety policy, procedures, processes and outcomes. The main aim of the Motivations, Attitudes, Perceptions and Skills (MAPS) project was to collect information on the drivers of work health and safety behaviour and provide findings which will encourage policy discussion and inform the development and implementation of work health and safety policies...

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