Parcourir par tags

Tous les tags » Secteurs d'activités (RSS)
Healthy working time arrangements for healthcare personnel and patients
A systematic literature review Background: A number of working time arrangements have been linked to negative consequences for both health personnel and their patients. A common hypothesis put forth to explain these findings suggests that certain working time arrangements lead to negative patient consequences due to the adverse impact they have on employee health. The purpose of this study is to use systematic reviews to investigate whether employee health explains the relationship between working time arrangements and patient safety. Methods: A systematic literature review was performed including...
Risques psychosociaux : peu d'employeurs agissent sur les causes
Selon une étude menée par la DGFAP, les politiques de prévention des risques psychosociaux combinant des actions de type secondaire et tertiaire sont les plus répandues, dans le secteur public comme dans le privé. Cette étude menée en 2016 s'est intéressée aussi bien à la vision des employeurs qu'à celle des salariés. Selon les employeurs, près de 90 % des agents du secteur public et près de 70 % des salariés du secteur privé travaillent dans un établissement ayant pris...
Relationship between psychosocial strains at the workplace, depression, and cognitive deficiencies
The subject of mental disorders and work is of high priority for occupational safety and health, in particular where job stresses lead to depression and impairment of work ability. Factors potentially contributing to depression and work ability impairment include psychosocial work characteristics (PWC), burnout, cognitive deficits, and aging. Referencing the Job-Demand Resources (JD-R) model, burnout is viewed as mediating the association between PWC and depressive symptoms, but the mediating relationship between PWC and work ability remains to be tested. Further, cognitive deficits may be a marker...
Quel bilan pour les accords qualité de vie au travail : découvrez l'analyse de l'ANACT
L'Anact a publié la semaine dernière un rapport qui analyse la dynamique de l'Accord national interprofessionnel du 19 juin 2013 sur la qualité de vie au travail et l'égalité professionnelle. Négocié, il y a cinq ans déjà l'Accord national interprofessionnel sur la qualité de vie au travail et l'égalité professionnelle (Ani du 19 juin 2013) était porteur d'une ambition forte : articuler amélioration de la performance et des conditions de travail aux différents niveaux...
Organisation et contraintes du temps de travail : une typologie en six catégories
En 2016, un peu moins de la moitié des salariés du secteur privé et des agents du secteur public ont des semaines de travail dites « standard ». Ce type de semaine est travaillé du lundi au vendredi selon des journées essentiellement « standard » (entre 7h et 20h) et rarement le week-end. Il concerne en grande partie les professions intermédiaires et les cadres et professions intellectuelles supérieures. Au sein de la fonction publique, ce type de semaine est plus courant parmi les fonctionnaires que parmi les contractuels...
Impact of behavior management training on nurses’ confidence in managing patient aggression
Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of behavior management training on nurses' confidence in managing aggressive patients. Background Nurses are at a high risk of experiencing violence directed toward them by patients. Methods This quality improvement project used a pre-and-post study design. A survey was administered within 1 month before behavior management training and 1 month after training, capturing participants' demographic and work characteristics, as well as their experiences with patient/visitor-perpetrated violence. Confidence was measured using the Confidence...
Role stressors in Australian transport and logistics workers
Psychosocial implications Psychosocial injury is an important issue for the transport and logistics sector. Indeed, these workers typically face multiple role stressors that compromise mental health and, in turn, have a deleterious effect on safety outcomes. The present study investigated the interactive effects of three roles stressors on employee strain (psychological strain and sleep disturbances) and employee morale (job dissatisfaction and turnover intentions) in 443 Australian road transport and logistics workers. Regression analyses using PROCESS revealed significant three-way interactions...
Live Theatre and Events Industry Survey 2018
Late in 2017, elected MEAA entertainment, crew, and sport representatives from across the live theatre and events industry decided to join together to build an industry-wide campaign to improve members' working lives across the sector. The first step is this survey. The survey provides a snapshot of the wages, conditions, and health and safety standards that crew, technical, front-of-house, and events workers in live theatre and venues are faced with every day. Some parts of the survey were developed in response to the 2017 Sexual Harassment in Live Theatre survey conducted by MEAA Equity,...
Social influence and safe behavior in manufacturing
This research presents a model designed to explore the cognitive and social mechanisms that mediate the relationship between organizational safety climate and safety behaviors. Specifically the presented research demonstrates the usefulness of Sussmann and Vecchio (1982) social influence interpretation of worker motivation to understand safety motivation. Survey data was collected from 428 employees in seven factories within the electronics industry in China. The data were analyzed using structural modelling. The results suggest that factory workers with more knowledge about the products, organization...
Short time between shifts and risk of injury among Danish hospital workers
A register-based cohort study Objectives: Short time between consecutive work shifts (quick returns, ie, ≤11 hours between shifts) is associated with sleepiness and fatigue, both of which have been linked to risk of injury. This paper aims to study quick returns between work shifts and risk of injury among Danish hospital workers. Method: The study population included 69 200 employees, primarily working at hospitals, corresponding to 167 726 person years at risk between 2008–2015. Information on working hours was obtained from payroll data in the Danish Working Hour Database and linked...
Développement de la santé au travail: complémentarité de l’analyse de l’activité et des représentations du risque
Retours sur un dispositif de conception participative de l'organisation du travail en présence de risque biologique en milieu hospitalier Cet article illustre la diversité des potentialités de la psychologie du travail et de l'ergonomie, en se basant sur une recherche-action conduite en milieu hospitalier, mobilisant une complémentarité de pratiques. Dans un contexte de conception organisationnelle de situations de travail présentant un risque biologique, l'étude vise à concilier les enjeux de prévention des risques professionnels...
Z1003.1-F18 - Santé et sécurité psychologiques dans les organismes de services paramédics
Cette norme fournit aux organismes de services paramédics et aux autres intervenants importants des lignes directrices sur les pratiques exemplaires relatives à la détermination et l'appréciation des dangers, de même qu'à la gestion des dangers pour la santé et la sécurité psychologiques (SSP) des organismes de services paramédics et pour promouvoir l'amélioration de la santé et de la sécurité psychologique. Elle s'appuie sur CAN/CSA-Z1003-13/BNQ 9700-803/2013, Santé et sécurité...
What could make a difference to the mental health of UK doctors?
A review of the research evidence Doctors are at considerable risk of work-related stress, burnout and mental health problems such as depression and anxiety. The risk is greater than that of the general working population and is increasing over time in line with the growing demands and complexity of the job, a faster pace of work and diminishing resources. The risk of suicide, especially among general practitioners, psychiatrists and trainees, and among women, is high compared to the general population. General practitioners are more vulnerable to burnout (particularly emotional exhaustion), work...
When antecedent becomes consequent: An examination of the temporal order of job dissatisfaction and verbal aggression exposure in a longitudinal study
Past research has traditionally examined stressors as predictors and strains as outcomes. However, some recent research has found evidence of reverse causality between various stressors and strains, demonstrating that the relationship between these types of variables may extend beyond the traditional stressor-strain framework. The current study builds upon this past research by examining the temporal direction of the relationship between verbal aggression exposure and job satisfaction. Specifically, through the lens of emotional contagion theory, we suggest that low levels of job satisfaction in...
“Who’s Caring for Us?”: Understanding and Addressing the Effects of Emotional Labor on Home Health Aides’ Well-being
Background and Objectives: Interventions to strengthen the home care workforce focus on workers' economic and physical well-being, without acknowledging the caring labor affecting emotional well-being. Our study examined workers' perceptions of the emotional effects of caring work, coping mechanisms, and desired support. Research Design and Methods: We conducted 4 worker focus groups (n = 27). Moderators cross-checked codes and themes, and aides provided input through report-backs. Results: Building close, trusting relationships with clients was central to aides' emotional well-being...
Extent of compassion satisfaction, compassion fatigue and burnout in nursing
A meta-analysis Aims: A meta-analysis was conducted of the prevalence rates of compassion satisfaction, compassion fatigue and burnout to identify the factors influencing these rates. Background: The extents of compassion fatigue and burnout adversely affect nursing efficiency. However, the reported prevalence rates vary considerably. Methods: Data were acquired from electronic databases. Random effects meta-analyses were performed to obtain pooled estimates of the prevalence rates of compassion satisfaction, compassion fatigue and burnout and their respective instrumental scores. Meta-regression...
Impact of shift work on the diurnal cortisol rhythm
A one-year longitudinal study in junior physicians Background: Cumulative epidemiological evidence suggests that shift work exerts harmful effects on human health. However, the physiological mechanisms are not well understood. This study aimed to examine the impact of shift work on the dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, i.e. diurnal cortisol rhythm. Methods: Seventy physicians with a mean age 30 years participated in this one-year longitudinal study. Working schedules, either shift work or regular schedules with day shift, were assessed at baseline. Salivary cortisol samples...
Effects of office workstation type on physical activity and stress
Objective: Office environments have been causally linked to workplace-related illnesses and stress, yet little is known about how office workstation type is linked to objective metrics of physical activity and stress. We aimed to explore these associations among office workers in US federal office buildings. Methods: We conducted a wearable, sensor-based, observational study of 231 workers in four office buildings. Outcome variables included workers' physiological stress response, physical activity and perceived stress. Relationships between office workstation type and these variables were...
Determinants of Workplace Injuries and Violence Among Newly Licensed RNs
Workplace injuries, such as musculoskeletal injuries, needlestick injuries, and emotional and physical violence, remain an issue in U.S. hospitals. To develop meaningful safety programs, it is important to identify workplace factors that contribute to injuries. This study explored factors that affect injuries in a sample of newly licensed registered nurses (NLRNs) in Florida. Regressions were run on models in which the dependent variable was the degree to which the respondent had experienced needlesticks, work-related musculoskeletal injuries, cuts or lacerations, contusions, verbal violence, physical...
Organizational Determinants of Workplace Violence Against Hospital Workers
Objective: To identify organizational factors contributing to workplace violence in hospitals. Methods: A questionnaire survey was conducted in 2013 among employees in a Midwestern hospital system (n = 446 respondents). Questions concerned employees' experiences of violence at work in the previous year and perceptions of the organizational safety climate. Logistic regressions examined staff interaction and safety climate factors associated with verbal and physical violence, respectively. Results: Interpersonal conflict was a risk factor for verbal violence (OR 1.49, 95% CI 1.04 to 2.12, P <...
De-escalation techniques for managing non-psychosis induced aggression in adults
Background: Aggression occurs frequently within health and social care settings. It can result in injury to patients and staff and can adversely affect staff performance and well-being. De-escalation is a widely used and recommended intervention for managing aggression, but the efficacy of the intervention as a whole and the specific techniques that comprise it are unclear. Objectives: To assess the effects of de-escalation techniques for managing non-psychosis-induced aggression in adults in care settings, in both staff and service users. Source: Spencer, S., Johnson, P. et Smith, I. C. (2018...
Effectiveness of a digital platform-based implementation strategy to prevent work stress in a healthcare organization
A 12-month follow-up controlled trial A digital platform-based implementation strategy showed potential for preventing stress among healthcare workers. The experimental group showed a slight decline in stress, and the control group showed an increase in stress during follow-up. No differences were found for determinants of work stress and level of implementation. Source: Havermans, B. M., Boot, C. R., Brouwers, E. P., Houtman, I. L., Heerkens, Y. F., Zijlstra-Vlasveld, M. C., ... et van der Beek, A. J. (2018). Scandinavian journal of work, environment & health . http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5271/sjweh...
Aggression in mental health residential facilities
A systematic review and meta-analysis Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of aggression exhibited by patients living in community residential facilities and to identify risk factors for such aggression. Methods: A systematic review with meta-analysis was conducted using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. The protocol was registered in the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO) dataset (registration number: CRD42016042475). PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science were searched for studies published prior to February...
New perspectives on psychosocial safety climate in healthcare
A mixed methods approach The psychological safety of frontline healthcare workers receives less attention in policy and from management than either physical safety or productivity goals. In other industries, Psychosocial Safety Climate (PSC) has been used to better understand how management values shape job design and the health and wellbeing of workers. Our study looks at how PSC theory manifests in healthcare on a day-to-day basis, aiming to explore the factors shaping that climate from the perspective of the frontline worker. A grounded theory approach was used in content analysis of semi-structured...
Knowledge and practice of waste management among hospital cleaners
Background: Poor knowledge and practice of waste management among hospital cleaners is a significant occupational and public health risk which could be improved by better training. Aims: To assess private hospital cleaners' knowledge and practice of hospital waste management and the association with training. Methods: A cross-sectional study using an interviewer-administered structured questionnaire was undertaken. The questionnaire was designed to record demographics, assess knowledge and assess self-reported practice and training by private hospital cleaners in Etiosa in Nigeria. Results...
Plus de Messages Page suivante »

Abonnement courriel

Messages récents

Catégories

Mots-Clés (Tags)

Blogoliste

Archives