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Stressful by design: Exploring health risks of ride-share work
Introduction: For-hire driving work, such as taxi driving, is characterized by long hours of sedentary behaviour, passenger assault, lack of benefits or support, and isolating working conditions that jeopardize good health. The for-hire driving industry has recently expanded to include a new group of ride-share drivers from digital platforms such as Uber and Lyft; this has substantially increased the number of people engaged in for-hire driving. However, there is very little existing research on ride-share drivers' health and safety in relation to their work, and no research on the Canadian...
Role stressors in Australian transport and logistics workers
Psychosocial implications Psychosocial injury is an important issue for the transport and logistics sector. Indeed, these workers typically face multiple role stressors that compromise mental health and, in turn, have a deleterious effect on safety outcomes. The present study investigated the interactive effects of three roles stressors on employee strain (psychological strain and sleep disturbances) and employee morale (job dissatisfaction and turnover intentions) in 443 Australian road transport and logistics workers. Regression analyses using PROCESS revealed significant three-way interactions...
Burnout among Pilots
Psychosocial Factors related to Happiness and Score on Simulator Training In this study among airline pilots, we aim to uncover the work characteristics (job demands and resources) and the outcomes (job crafting, happiness and simulator training performance) that are related to burnout for this occupational group. Using a large sample of airline pilots, we showed that 40% of the participating pilots experience high burnout. In line with Job Demands-Resources theory, job demands were detrimental for simulator training performance because they made pilots more exhausted and less able to craft their...
Are professional drivers less sleepy than non-professional drivers?
Objective: It is generally believed that professional drivers can manage quite severe fatigue before routine driving performance is affected. In addition, there are results indicating that professional drivers can adapt to prolonged night shifts and may be able to learn to drive without decreased performance under high levels of sleepiness. However, very little research has been conducted to compare professionals and non-professionals when controlling for time driven and time of day. Method: The aim of this study was to use a driving simulator to investigate whether professional drivers are more...
Effets des actes de violence grave chez des chauffeurs et chauffeuses d’autobus de la Société de transport de Montréal (STM)
Principaux enseignements du rapport: Les incidents de violence pour lesquels les 118 chauffeurs ont participé à l'étude sont des agressions verbales (50%) et des agressions physiques (45%). Les autres chauffeurs (5%) ont été victimes ou témoins d'un autre type d'incident. Plus de la moitié des participants (60%) ont probablement développé des symptômes d'état de stress aigu (ESA) dans le mois qui a suivi l'incident de violence, dont 62% d'hommes et 56% de femmes. Parmi ces chauffeurs, 50% ont vécu...
Work-Related Violent Deaths in the US Taxi and Limousine Industry 2003 to 2013
Disparities Within a High-Risk Working Population Objective: We describe the magnitude and distribution of violent work-related deaths among taxi and limousine drivers, a high-risk population. Methods: We analyzed rates using the Bureau of Labor Statistics Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) for all violent work-related deaths in the taxi and limousine industry from 2003 to 2013. We described demographics, work characteristics, and other injury details, examining temporal trends for nativity and race/ethnicity. Results: Men (adjusted rate ratio [RRadj] 6.1 [95% confidence interval [CI...
Experiences of arrangements for health, safety and welfare in the global container terminal industry (2016)
This report presents the findings of a study of the experience of health and safety in container terminals operated by national and global companies in several countries. It explores indications from a previous, preliminary study concerning workers' experiences and the effectiveness of the management systems to support their health, safety and welfare at work. It builds on the earlier findings with a more in-depth analysis, using both quantitative and qualitative research methods. It discusses the new findings in the context of an analysis of the relationship between corporate strategies for...
Leadership and worker engagement in the ports industry
HSE’s 2014 Approved Code of Practice (ACOP) on Safety in Docks (L148) was developed through close consultation with employer and employee representatives. It is designed to address both the larger end of the industry and those working in small harbours and highlights the importance of leadership and full workforce involvement. Worker engagement goes beyond consultation and refers to the extent to which workers contribute to decisions that affect their health and safety. Leaders play an important role by engaging the workforce to achieve safe and healthy conditions. This qualitative study...
New NIOSH Training Offers Fatigue Management for Pilots in the Land of the Midnight Sun
For a pilot working in Western Alaska, the amount of daylight during their work day can vary as much as 14 hours between the summer and winter solstice (or more the farther north you go). These aviators often fly multiple legs each day, serving as a transportation link to over 250 villages across the state. In fact, over 80% of Alaska's communities are not connected by roads. Vast distances, long hours of daylight, short flying seasons, and wildly variable weather can all contribute to the development of fatigue. Fatigue is a general lack of alertness and degradation in mental and physical...
The Work Organization of Long-Haul Truck Drivers and the Association With Body Mass Index
Objective: The aim of this study was to examine relationships between work organization features of work hours, work schedules, and job stress with body mass indexes (BMIs) of long-haul truck drivers. Methods: Face-to-face survey data were collected first, followed by collection of anthropometric measures including height and weight (n?=?260). Logistic regression (backward stepwise model) was used to identify significant predictors of BMI and to analyze odds ratios. Results: Mean BMI was 33.40?kg/m2, with 64.2% obese (BMI > 30?kg/m2) and 18.4% extreme/morbidly obese (BMI > 40?kg/m2). Working...
Bus Operators’ Responses to Job Strain: An Experimental Test of the Job Demand–Control Model
The research aim was to test the Job Demand–Control (JDC) Model demands × Control interaction (or buffering) hypothesis in a simulated bus driving experiment. The buffering hypothesis was tested using a 2 (low and high demands) × 2 (low and high decision latitude) design with repeated measures on the second factor. A sample of 80 bus operators were randomly assigned to the low (n = 40) and high demands (n = 40) conditions. Demands were manipulated by increasing or reducing the number of stops to pick up passengers, and decision latitude by imposing or removing restrictions on...
Long-Haul Truck Driver Health Survey Results
The most recent issue of CDC Vital Signs highlights a few of the safety risks faced by truck drivers. Truck drivers also face health risks that can affect their livelihood. Limited illness and injury data for long-haul truck drivers prompted the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health to conduct the National Survey of Long-Haul Truck Driver Health and Injury. Results were published in the American Journal of Industrial MedicineExternal Web Site Icon. Long-haul truck drivers (LHTD) drive heavy and tractor-trailer trucks with freight delivery routes requiring them to sleep away from...
Miscarriage Among Flight Attendants
Background: Cosmic radiation and circadian disruption are potential reproductive hazards for flight attendants. Methods: Flight attendants from 3 US airlines in 3 cities were interviewed for pregnancy histories and lifestyle, medical, and occupational covariates. We assessed cosmic radiation and circadian disruption from company records of 2 million individual flights. Using Cox regression models, we compared respondents (1) by levels of flight exposures and (2) to teachers from the same cities, to evaluate whether these exposures were associated with miscarriage. Results: Of 2654 women interviewed...
Profiling contextual factors which influence safety in heavy vehicle industries
A significant proportion of worker fatalities within Australia result from truck-related incidents. Truck drivers face a number of health and safety concerns. Safety culture, viewed here as the beliefs, attitudes and values shared by an organisation's workers, which interact with their surrounding context to influence behaviour, may provide a valuable lens for exploring safety-related behaviours in heavy vehicle operations. To date no major research has examined safety culture within heavy vehicle industries. As safety culture provides a means to interpret experiences and generate behaviour...
Pilot fatigue
Relationships with departure and arrival times, flight duration, and direction INTRODUCTION: Flight timing is expected to influence pilot fatigue because it determines the part of the circadian body clock cycle that is traversed during a flight. However the effects of flight timing are not well-characterized because field studies typically focus on specific flights with a limited range of departure times and have small sample sizes. The present project combined data from four studies, including 13 long-range and ultra-long range out-and-back trips across a range of departure and arrival times ...
Factors in the design of order picking systems that influence manual handling practices
Order picking can be defined as the retrieval of stock keeping units from a warehouse according to a pick list generated from a customer order prior to the despatch of the completed order to the customer. There is a variety of order picking systems that are used in warehouses and distribution centres and the choice of system will determine the amount and type of manual handling that occurs within those locations. In order to understand the factors that influence the design of order picking systems a literature review was undertaken and telephone interviews were conducted with six industry stakeholders...
Trucks driving fatalities
Data released by Safe Work Australia today in the report Work-related fatalities involving trucks, Australia 2003 to 2012 show an alarming number of Australia's truck drivers are being killed at work each year. The report outlines target areas to help reduce truck-related fatalities, including: •managing public road travel to reduce fatigue and using appropriate speed for the conditions •ensuring that vehicles are braked appropriately •increasing awareness of pedestrian workers and members of the public •ensuring that vehicles and equipment are maintained appropriately and...
Invisibilisation de la pénibilité au travail, mixité et rapports de genre
Conducteurs et agents commerciaux dans le secteur ferroviaire L'article s'emploie à mettre à jour les modalités sexuées d'une reconnaissance de la pénibilité au travail à partir d'une enquête comparative réalisée auprès de deux catégories socioprofessionnelles d'une entreprise de transports (conducteurs et agents commerciaux). Il montre que l'invisibilisation des atteintes à la santé des femmes tient pour beaucoup aux mécanismes de répartition du travail entre les...
The effects of Crew Resource Management (CRM) training on flight attendants' safety attitudes
INTRODUCTION: A number of well-known incidents and accidents had led the aviation industry to introduce Crew Resource Management (CRM) training designed specifically for flight attendants, and joint (pilot and flight attendant) CRM training as a way to improve teamwork and communication. The development of these new CRM training programs during the 1990s highlighted the growing need for programs to be evaluated using research tools that had been validated for the flight attendant population. METHOD: The FSAQ (Flight Safety Attitudes Questionnaire-Flight Attendants) was designed specifically to...
La SNCF met le cap sur la qualité de vie au travail
Améliorer la qualité de vie au travail, c'est préserver la santé des salariés. Mais c'est aussi garantir une plus grande qualité de service et de meilleurs résultats économiques. Source : Travail & changement , Hors-série, Décembre 2013. http://fr.calameo.com/read/000088155bea63dc36738
The effect of external non-driving factors, payment type and waiting and queuing on fatigue in long distance trucking
INTRODUCTION : The aim of this study was to explore the effects of external influences on long distance trucking, in particular, incentive-based remuneration systems and the need to wait or queue to load or unload on driver experiences of fatigue. METHODS : Long distance truck drivers (n=475) were recruited at truck rest stops on the major transport corridors within New South Wales, Australia and asked to complete a survey by self-administration or interview. The survey covered demographics, usual working arrangements, details of the last trip and safety outcomes including fatigue experiences....
The Effects of Commuting on Pilot Fatigue
Nearly everyone experiences fatigue, but some professions--such as aviation, medicine and the military--demand alert, precise, rapid, and well-informed decision making and communication with little margin for error. The potential for fatigue to negatively affect human performance is well established. Concern about this potential in the aviation context extends back decades, with both airlines and pilots agreeing that fatigue is a safety concern. A more recent consideration is whether and how pilot commuting, conducted in a pilot's off-duty time, may affect fatigue during flight duty. Source...
Assessing sleepiness and sleep disorders in Australian long-distance commercial vehicle drivers
Self-report versus an "at home" monitoring device STUDY OBJECTIVES: As obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with a higher risk of motor vehicle crashes, there is increasing regulatory interest in the identification of commercial motor vehicle (CMV) drivers with this condition. This study aimed to determine the relationship between subjective versus objective assessment of OSA in CMV drivers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTINGS: Heavy vehicle truck stops located across the road network of 2 large Australian states. PARTICIPANTS: A random sample of long distance commercial vehicle...
ACOEM Releases Guidance on Managing Workplace Fatigue
A workplace in which hazards are well-controlled, with an active culture of health and a supportive work environment, can enhance worker health and well-being, both on and off the job. Implementing a comprehensive fatigue risk management system could improve workplace safety and efficiency, according to a new guidance paper released by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Safety and productivity in the workplace are directly related to worker health, reports the paper, titled, “Fatigue Risk Management in the Workplace.” A workplace may have chemical, physical...
«N’importe qui peut-il remplir un conteneur?»: L’OIT va débattre de la sécurité dans le secteur en forte croissance des conteneurs
Le marché des expéditions maritimes par conteneur représente environ 16 pour cent du volume des marchandises mondiales transportées (en tonnes). Avec une part de marché qui s'accroît, le risque d'accidents augmente lui aussi, indique un rapport préparé pour le Forum de dialogue mondial de l'OIT sur la sécurité dans la chaîne d'approvisionnement concernant le remplissage des conteneurs qui doit se tenir à Genève les 21 et 22 février 2011. Le forum s'efforcera d'adopter une approche...
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