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Stressful by design: Exploring health risks of ride-share work
Introduction: For-hire driving work, such as taxi driving, is characterized by long hours of sedentary behaviour, passenger assault, lack of benefits or support, and isolating working conditions that jeopardize good health. The for-hire driving industry has recently expanded to include a new group of ride-share drivers from digital platforms such as Uber and Lyft; this has substantially increased the number of people engaged in for-hire driving. However, there is very little existing research on ride-share drivers' health and safety in relation to their work, and no research on the Canadian...
Role stressors in Australian transport and logistics workers
Psychosocial implications Psychosocial injury is an important issue for the transport and logistics sector. Indeed, these workers typically face multiple role stressors that compromise mental health and, in turn, have a deleterious effect on safety outcomes. The present study investigated the interactive effects of three roles stressors on employee strain (psychological strain and sleep disturbances) and employee morale (job dissatisfaction and turnover intentions) in 443 Australian road transport and logistics workers. Regression analyses using PROCESS revealed significant three-way interactions...
Burnout among Pilots
Psychosocial Factors related to Happiness and Score on Simulator Training In this study among airline pilots, we aim to uncover the work characteristics (job demands and resources) and the outcomes (job crafting, happiness and simulator training performance) that are related to burnout for this occupational group. Using a large sample of airline pilots, we showed that 40% of the participating pilots experience high burnout. In line with Job Demands-Resources theory, job demands were detrimental for simulator training performance because they made pilots more exhausted and less able to craft their...
Are professional drivers less sleepy than non-professional drivers?
Objective: It is generally believed that professional drivers can manage quite severe fatigue before routine driving performance is affected. In addition, there are results indicating that professional drivers can adapt to prolonged night shifts and may be able to learn to drive without decreased performance under high levels of sleepiness. However, very little research has been conducted to compare professionals and non-professionals when controlling for time driven and time of day. Method: The aim of this study was to use a driving simulator to investigate whether professional drivers are more...
Effets des actes de violence grave chez des chauffeurs et chauffeuses d’autobus de la Société de transport de Montréal (STM)
Principaux enseignements du rapport: Les incidents de violence pour lesquels les 118 chauffeurs ont participé à l'étude sont des agressions verbales (50%) et des agressions physiques (45%). Les autres chauffeurs (5%) ont été victimes ou témoins d'un autre type d'incident. Plus de la moitié des participants (60%) ont probablement développé des symptômes d'état de stress aigu (ESA) dans le mois qui a suivi l'incident de violence, dont 62% d'hommes et 56% de femmes. Parmi ces chauffeurs, 50% ont vécu...
Bus Operators’ Responses to Job Strain: An Experimental Test of the Job Demand–Control Model
The research aim was to test the Job Demand–Control (JDC) Model demands × Control interaction (or buffering) hypothesis in a simulated bus driving experiment. The buffering hypothesis was tested using a 2 (low and high demands) × 2 (low and high decision latitude) design with repeated measures on the second factor. A sample of 80 bus operators were randomly assigned to the low (n = 40) and high demands (n = 40) conditions. Demands were manipulated by increasing or reducing the number of stops to pick up passengers, and decision latitude by imposing or removing restrictions on...
The effect of external non-driving factors, payment type and waiting and queuing on fatigue in long distance trucking
INTRODUCTION : The aim of this study was to explore the effects of external influences on long distance trucking, in particular, incentive-based remuneration systems and the need to wait or queue to load or unload on driver experiences of fatigue. METHODS : Long distance truck drivers (n=475) were recruited at truck rest stops on the major transport corridors within New South Wales, Australia and asked to complete a survey by self-administration or interview. The survey covered demographics, usual working arrangements, details of the last trip and safety outcomes including fatigue experiences....

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