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Social influence and safe behavior in manufacturing
This research presents a model designed to explore the cognitive and social mechanisms that mediate the relationship between organizational safety climate and safety behaviors. Specifically the presented research demonstrates the usefulness of Sussmann and Vecchio (1982) social influence interpretation of worker motivation to understand safety motivation. Survey data was collected from 428 employees in seven factories within the electronics industry in China. The data were analyzed using structural modelling. The results suggest that factory workers with more knowledge about the products, organization...
A novel tool for evaluating occupational health and safety performance in small and medium-sized enterprises
The case of the Quebec forestry/pulp and paper industry Efforts to prevent work-related injuries have met with tangible success in industrialized countries. In Quebec, workplace accidents and occupational illness have declined sharply since the end of the 1990s. However, there is still considerable room for improvement in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Expert specialists in accident prevention in SMEs are overloaded. Their interventions are repetitive and not personalised. Few tools are available for accelerating the process of evaluating occupational health and safety (OHS) performance...
Scénarios d’accidents occasionnés par une perturbation du mouvement dans les secteurs de la construction et de la métallurgie
Pour une prévention locale et diversifiée La prévention des lésions consécutives à des heurts, des glissades, des coincements ou toute autre perturbation du mouvement au travail constitue un enjeu considérable. Cent quarante-trois récits d'accidents survenus dans les secteurs de la construction et de la métallurgie ont été analysés au moyen d'une approche probabiliste pour en extraire les scénarios récurrents. Ces récits ont été décrits par 30 facteurs génériques...
Comprendre les ressorts des pratiques organisationnelles en matière de prévention des risques psychosociaux par les acteurs de l’entreprise
Une recherche dans l'industrie de la chimie La littérature scientifique fait part d'une individualisation des problèmes de santé psychologique au travail faisant obstacle à l'efficacité de la prévention. À partir d'une méthode mixte, nous cherchons à savoir si cette tendance à l'individualisation se retrouve dans la perception des acteurs de la santé au travail dans l'organisation et la manière dont celle-ci impacte les modes d'intervention. Un questionnaire a été proposé...
A cross-sectional study of factors influencing occupational health and safety management practices in companies
Companies need to ensure a functioning occupational health and safety management (OHSM) system to protect human health and safety during work, but generally there are differences in how successful they are in this endeavor. Earlier research has indicated that factors like company size, safety culture, and different measures of financial performance may be related to the quality of OHSM practices in companies. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate whether these factors are associated with OHSM practices in companies. A postal questionnaire was used to collect data from a sample of...
Diagnosis of poor safety culture as a major shortcoming in OHSAS 18001-certified companies
The evaluation of safety performance in occupational health and safety assessment series (OHSAS) 18001-certified companies provides useful information about the quality of the management system. A certified organization should employ an adequate level of safety management and a positive safety culture to achieve a satisfactory safety performance. The present study conducted in six manufacturing companies: three OHSAS 18001-certified, and three non-certified to assess occupational health and safety (OHS) as well as OHSAS 18001 practices. The certified companies had a better OHS practices compared...
Participation des travailleurs à la gestion de la sécurité et de la santé au travail
Informations qualitatives tirées de la deuxième édition de l'enquête européenne des entreprises sur les risques nouveaux et émergents (ESENER-2) Cette étude est principalement consacrée à la question de la représentation des intérêts des travailleurs dans le domaine de la santé et de la sécurité du point de vue des représentants eux-mêmes, de leurs collègues, ainsi que de leurs employeurs et dirigeants. Elle est basée sur des entretiens approfondis réalisés...
Effectiveness of participatory training in preventing accidental occupational injuries
A randomized-controlled trial in China This is the first large scale randomized controlled trial documenting the effectiveness of a participatory approach to occupational health and safety training in reducing work injuries and re-injuries among industrial workers. This approach can be adopted and tried out in other settings, and is expected to help reduce the huge burdens of work injuries to workers, their families and society. Source: Yu, I. T., Yu, W., Li, Z., Qiu, H., Wan, S., Xie, S., & Wang, X. (2017). Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health . http://dx.doi.org/10.5271...
Filière alimentaire: quels leviers pour l’amélioration des conditions de travail?
Attractivité, fidélisation, image, compétitivité… autant de préoccupations qui ont conduit la filière alimentaire à s'organiser pour développer des politiques de qualité de vie au travail. Ce numéro dédié aux initiatives de la filière alimentaire est emblématique de tout ce que les entreprises ont à gagner à s'intéresser de près aux conditions de travail de leurs salariés. Source: Travail & Changement , no 264, juillet-août-septembre 2016...
Addressing the Hazards of Temporary Employment
Factors such as fluctuations in the economy, changing social habits and access to technology have boosted a rapid growth in temporary work arrangements. Under many names– temporary workers, contingent workers, contract workers, long-term temps, workers in dual employer situations, on-demand freelance–these workers seem to be ubiquitous in most industrial sectors. These arrangements are impacting work organization, career paths, and health and safety. According to various reports, there were an estimated 17 million workers engaged in some type of temporary employment in the United States...
Work Health and Safety Perceptions: Manufacturing Industry
This report summarises research findings for the manufacturing industry from several existing Safe Work Australia data sources. The report presents areas where the manufacturing industry is doing well and areas for improvement. It focuses on: •self-reported exposure to hazards and workplace control measures •self-reported work health and safety activities undertaken in manufacturing workplaces •work health and safety perceptions and attitudes that may act as barriers and enablers to work health and safety. The perceptions of both manufacturing workers and manufacturing employers...
Les dispositifs de prévention des risques professionnels en France
Les enseignements du croisement d'une approche quantitative et qualitative Ce document propose un premier tableau statistique représentatif des dispositifs de prévention des risques professionnels mis en œuvre dans les entreprises en France au milieu des années 2000, tableau qui faisait jusqu’alors défaut. L’exploitation des données de l’enquête REPONSE 2004-2005 dégage quatre grands types de dispositifs, qui témoignent de la diversité des acceptions que peut prendre la notion de « prévention...
A retrospective cohort study of shift work and risk of incident cancer among German male chemical workers
Objective: Human evidence of carcinogenicity concerning shift work is inconsistent. This industry-based cohort study aimed to examine the relationship between working in a rotating shift and cancer incidence. Methods: The cohort consisted of male production workers (12 609 shift and 15 219 day), employed in a large chemical industry for at least one year between 1995–2005, and residing in the German federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate. Incident cancer cases from 2000–2009 were identified through record linkage with the cancer registry of Rhineland-Palatinate. Information on exposure...
Industrial relations practices related to psychosocial constraints at work in the steel sector
This report looks at industrial relations practices regarding health and safety strategies in the European steel sector. The findings are based on desk research and a comparative analysis of company practices in three company case studies: ArcelorMittal in France, Rautaruukki in Finland and Salzgitter AG in Germany. The report offers a transversal analysis, examining the main findings on the role of social dialogue and company practices regarding prevention while also highlighting some specific company and sectoral features triggering psychosocial risks and their prevention. Each of the three case...
Industrial relations practices related to psychosocial constraints at work in the steel sector
This report looks at industrial relations practices regarding health and safety strategies in the European steel sector. The findings are based on desk research and a comparative analysis of company practices in three company case studies: ArcelorMittal in France, Rautaruukki in Finland and Salzgitter AG in Germany. The report offers a transversal analysis, examining the main findings on the role of social dialogue and company practices regarding prevention while also highlighting some specific company and sectoral features triggering psychosocial risks and their prevention. Each of the three case...
Improving safety culture through the health and safety organization
INTRODUCTION: International research indicates that internal health and safety organizations (HSO) and health and safety committees (HSC) do not have the intended impact on companies' safety performance. The aim of this case study at an industrial plant was to test whether the HSO can improve company safety culture by creating more and better safety-related interactions both within the HSO and between HSO members and the shop-floor. METHODS: A quasi-experimental single case study design based on action research with both quantitative and qualitative measures was used. INTERVENTION: Based on...
The Shift-Work Accident Rate is More Related to the Shift Type than to Shift Rotation
The current study investigated the accident rates across morning, late, and night shifts in rotating shift-workers employed in two different shift rotations at the same steel work factory. A retrospective analysis has been performed of accident data (N = 578) over a 5-year period (2003 through 2007) of 730 male shift-workers employed in either a clockwise (mean age of the workers 38.1 ± SD 9.8 years) or counterclockwise rotation (mean age 38.0 ± SD 10.1 years) with comparable work conditions. The overall accident rate across the 24-h day was not significantly different between clockwise...
Bien-être émotionnel au travail et changement organisationnel. Le cas Essilor
Pour s'adapter aux modifications d'un environnement très concurrentiel, la plupart des entreprises mettent en place des projets de changements organisationnels. Ce faisant, elles se heurtent à des difficultés liées notamment aux situations de mal-être que ces changements peuvent induire. Cet article vise à explorer les effets de nouvelles politiques managériales sur le bien-être émotionnel des salariés. A partir du cas d'un des sites du Groupe Essilor, les auteurs explorent les politiques mises en oeuvre dans le contexte...
Near Misses in High–Risk Occupations
In this study, the authors hypothesize that safety-specific job engagement is important to prevent occupational near misses in high-risk occupations. The authors also hypothesize that safety program–focused justice perceptions and the absence of job distractions provide the workplace conditions necessary to support this engagement. Further, safety-specific job engagement mediates the prediction of occupational near misses by justice perceptions and job distractions. Results of a survey administered to 2,488 full-time employees working in the manufacturing, nuclear research and production...
Economic evaluation of a participatory ergonomics intervention in a textile plant
In this study we report on the economic evaluation of a participatory ergonomics process undertaken at a clothing manufacturer in Southwestern Ontario, Canada that employs approximately 300 workers. We undertake a cost-benefit analysis from the company perspective. Intervention costs amounted to $65,787 and intervention benefits $360,614 (2011 Canadian dollars). The net present value was $294,827, suggesting that the intervention was worth undertaking based on the costs and consequences over the measurement period spanning more than four years. Based on these costs and benefits, the benefit-to...
A theoretical model to ascertain determinates of occupational accidents among Ghanaian industrial workers
Thus workplace safety has been a topical issue in the occupational and organizational literature. In recent years, research in occupational accidents and organizational safety management literature has seen a gradual shift in emphasis on human error to comprehensive models that stress the role of both individuals and organizational factors in the workplace. In this study, we used a framework that incorporates both these aspects as determinates of occupational accidents, and therefore provides a link between perceptions of the work environment and individual characteristics. The individual factors...
Stress : les pratiques de prévention de 36 entreprises européennes
Anact.fr propose en téléchargement 36 monographies d'entreprises européennes ayant engagé une démarche de prévention du stress au travail. De grandes multinationales sont présentes (Procter and Gamble, DHL, Goodrich, Alstom, ...), mais également des entreprises de taille moyenne. Dans le cadre du projet européen ENWHP, l'ANACT a analysé les plans d'action de 9 grandes entreprises particulièrement actives face aux risques psychosociaux. Un travail comparable a été réalisé dans les...
Un projet lorrain pour concilier lean et amélioration des conditions de travail
Des PME lorraines ayant mis en oeuvre des démarche lean constatent une amélioration de la productivité, mais un aussi un impact sur la santé des salariés. Avec l’appui de l’ARACT, une action régionale vise à cerner les conditions d'un déploiement intégrant l'ensemble des dimensions de la performance. Certaines de ces entreprises s’interrogent aujourd’hui sur les effets possibles de ces démarches. Elles notent, certes, les effets bénéfiques dans un premier temps des réorganisations...
La perception des liens travail/santé
Le rôle des normes de genre et de profession La perception des relations entre travail et santé est approchée à partir de deux types de sources, quantitative – l'enquête Sumer – et qualitative – une enquête localisée auprès de soignantes hospitalières et de salariés masculins de la sous-traitance dans l'industrie lourde. Trois grands modèles d'analyse des relations travail/santé sont identifiés : le travail comme facteur délétère mais méconnu, naturalisé...
Caractère soutenable du travail et trajectoires ouvrières
Études de cas dans la filière automobile et les industries agroalimentaires L'article analyse les conditions du travail ouvrier dans la filière automobile et les industries agroalimentaires à partir d'entretiens réalisés en 2006 auprès d'ouvriers et de responsables d'usines. Il montre que celles-ci sont particulièrement défavorables dans les usines fournisseurs soumises à la domination de donneurs d'ordres puissants tels que les constructeurs automobiles et les enseignes de la grande distribution. Les exigences...
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