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Risk Perception Key to Workplace Safety and Health
A recent study of 1,334 workers from 20 mine sites found that miners who avoid risk were less likely to experience near-miss incidents, according to a paper published in the Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries. Why is it important to know about near-miss incidents? Previous NIOSH research showed that the likelihood of future injury may increase with the number of near misses. A near miss, otherwise known as a “close call,” is an occurrence that could have caused harm but did not. In high-risk occupations, near-miss incidents must be reported. Risk management, including...
Alcohol and Drug Guidelines and Work Rule : Canadian Model for Providing a Safe Workplace
The Canadian Model for Providing a Safe Workplace (the Canadian Model) is a Best Practice Alcohol and Drug Policy that stakeholders in the Canadian construction, maintenance and oil and gas industries can adopt and follow. The purpose of the Canadian Model is to ensure a safe workplace for all workers by reducing the risks associated with the inappropriate use of alcohol and drugs. This sixth version, issued on July 1, 2018, is issued jointly by COAA and Energy Safety Canada. Source: https://www.coaa.ab.ca/library/canadian-model-version-6/
Prise en charge de la SST dans les mines souterraines : témoignages de cadres et de représentants des travailleurs
Cette étude exploratoire vise à mieux connaître les rôles des cadres et représentants des travailleurs de mines souterraines québécoises, les éléments du contexte qui peuvent agir comme leviers ou obstacles à leurs actions en SST et à amorcer des réflexions sur ce qui peut les soutenir dans leurs rôles. Cette étude s'appuie sur une exploration de la littérature et sur une analyse secondaire des données recueillies lors d'un projet de recherche portant sur les conditions d'intégration...
Fly-in/fly-out et santé psychologique au travail dans les mines
Une recension des écrits La fatigue, associée aux longues heures de travail, aux courtes périodes de récupération entre les quarts de travail et à la qualité des installations d'hébergement, est considérée comme un des principaux enjeux en matière de santé et de sécurité au travail par les travailleurs miniers FIFO. Dans une étude, 70 % des travailleurs miniers FIFO interrogés déclarent vivre des troubles de sommeil. Selon une autre étude, 45 % des travailleurs miniers...
Dimensions sociales et psychologiques associées aux activités minières et impacts sur la qualité de vie
L'intérêt de l'industrie et du gouvernement pour la mise en valeur des ressources minérales du territoire québécois, particulièrement sur le territoire visé par le Plan Nord, convie les acteurs de la santé publique à étudier les activités qui y sont associées et leurs répercussions sanitaires. Afin de répondre au besoin du réseau de la santé publique de mieux comprendre les répercussions sanitaires associées aux activités minières, une revue de littérature...
Regulating the intangible - Searching for safety culture in the Norwegian petroleum industry
The way organizational culture can influence safety has been a topic in safety research and accident investigations for decades. This has led to an increasing interest from regulators to include the concept of safety culture into the sphere of risk regulation. In the Norwegian petroleum regulations, a requirement for a “sound health, safety and environment culture” was introduced in 2002. The article presents a qualitative study of the perceived effects of this requirement on safety, seen from the perspective of both the regulator and the regulated companies. The study shows that introducing...
Les conditions pour une intégration sécuritaire au métier
Un regard sur le secteur minier québécois Les questions de recrutement et d'intégration d'une nouvelle main-d'oeuvre sont au coeur des préoccupations des entreprises minières qui font face au départ à la retraite de la génération des bébé-boumeurs, à la mobilité de la main-d'oeuvre et à des périodes de croissances liées à l'effervescence du marché dans le secteur. C'est dans ce contexte qu'une demande a été formulée par l'Association...
An exploration of the current effectiveness of worker engagement practices in the quarry industry
This study was instigated by the Quarries National Joint Advisory Committee (QNJAC) on the basis that worker engagement practices were not perceived as widespread within the quarry industry. Thus, the present qualitative study explored how worker engagement in quarries is achieved and what makes it more challenging. Worker engagement is about going beyond workers' consultation. Workers and their representatives need to be involved in decisions in order for them to be committed to health and safety (H&S). Findings suggest that a great deal of effort is made to engage quarries' workers...
Prevalence and associated factors of depressive symptoms among chinese underground coal miners
Although underground coal miners are quite susceptible to depressive symptoms due to a highly risky and stressful working environment, few studies have focused on this issue. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of depressive symptoms and to explore its associated factors in this population. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in a coal-mining population in northeast China. A set of self-administered questionnaires was distributed to 2500 underground coal miners (1,936 effective respondents). Depressive symptoms, effort-reward imbalance (ERI), overcommitment (OC), perceived...
Mining Publication
Incorporating Judgment and Decisionmaking into Quarterly Mine Escape Training Based on a Mine Fire Scenario The major coal mine disasters of 2006 raised a number of issues about mine emergency preparedness and response. These included concerns about miners' judgment and decisionmaking skills under the stress of a mine escape and miners' familiarity with escape procedures. In response, researchers from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) sought to learn how mines are incorporating judgment and decisionmaking skills into mine escape training. They took an in...
Pike River Coal Mine : Guidelines for company directors on their health and safety responsibilities
An important resource for company directors, and part of the Ministry’s work to implement recommendations from the Royal Commission on the Pike River Coal Mine Tragedy, is now available. The Good Governance Practices Guideline for Managing Health and Safety Risks was developed jointly by the Ministry and the Institute of Directors with input from employer and employee groups. The guideline gives practical advice to company directors on managing health and safety risk and influencing performance in this critical area in their organisations. It is an essential resource for directors providing...
Near Misses in High–Risk Occupations
In this study, the authors hypothesize that safety-specific job engagement is important to prevent occupational near misses in high-risk occupations. The authors also hypothesize that safety program–focused justice perceptions and the absence of job distractions provide the workplace conditions necessary to support this engagement. Further, safety-specific job engagement mediates the prediction of occupational near misses by justice perceptions and job distractions. Results of a survey administered to 2,488 full-time employees working in the manufacturing, nuclear research and production...
Mining industry tackles mental health challenges
Senior mine safety representatives and health professionals have gathered in the Hunter to map out a comprehensive approach to tackling mental health and illness in the NSW minerals industry. Over 20 delegates from around NSW participated in the day-long workshop hosted by the Newcastle Institute for Energy and Resources (NIER), working together to develop a ‘Roadmap for Mental Health' template document for use within the state's mining sector. The Mental Health and the NSW Minerals Industry report - a publication prepared by the University of Newcastle and the Hunter Institute of...
New Zealand mining disaster: Sweeping away of old laws left industry "in limbo"
New laws to improve worker participation in health and safety matters and toughen up directors' duties should be given early attention, according to an official report into the Pike River mining tragedy in New Zealand two years ago. The Pike River coal mine, which lies on the west coast of the South Island, exploded on 19 November 2010, due to the ignition of a large volume of methane gas. Twenty-nine men underground died immediately, or soon afterwards, either from the blast or from the toxic atmosphere. Over the next nine days the mine exploded three more times before it was sealed. The Royal...
Chinese temporary workers bring unsafe mining culture, union says
An influx of temporary foreign workers into British Columbia’s mining sector is taking jobs from Canadian workers and making the mines more dangerous, according to the organizing body for British Columbia trade unions. In an open letter to Prime Minister Stephen Harper, the Bargaining Council of BC Building Trade Unions argues that the planned importation of Chinese workers this week by Canadian Dehua International Mines Group Inc. is a strategy for the companies to employ lower-paid employees who are not familiar with Canadian mine safety culture and regulations [...] Source: http://www...
A review of virtual reality as a medium for safety related training in mining
A common problem for high risk industries such as mining is how to provide effective safety related training. Virtual reality simulation offers the opportunity to develop perceptual expertise, perceptuo-motor skills, and cognitive skills such as problem-solving, and decision-making under stress, without exposing trainees or others to unacceptable risks. This review examines the evidence for the effectiveness of virtual reality as a medium for safety related training in mining. Evidence exists to demonstrate the effectiveness of virtual reality as a medium for safety related training in a range...
Shift schedules on North Sea oil/gas installations
A systematic review of their impact on performance, safety and health Continuous production processes on North Sea installations necessitate extended work schedules; 2-week offshore tours (alternating with shore breaks), 12 h shifts and rapid day/night shift changes are inherent features of offshore work. These intensive rosters, worked in a demanding physical and psychosocial environment, are potential sources of fatigue and impaired performance among offshore personnel. This article focuses on offshore working time arrangements, and presents a systematic review of studies which examine offshore...
Risk management and workers' safety behavior control in coal mine
According to the risk management characteristics and the actual needs of safety production in coal mine, we thoroughly analyze the system of risk management method in coal mine and implement it in Geting Coal Mine. The system manages and controls the potential accident risks, hazard sources and human behavior risks. On this basis, the system of workers' safety behavior control technology in coal mine is further studied, the "three disobeying" is classified and managed, the "three disobeying" database and safety countermeasures database are established, and the application...
Utility optimization strategy of safety management capability of coal mine
A case study of JCIA This article describes optimization strategy of SMCCM from perspective of utility of coal miner with the method of empirical research. Four elements of SMCCM are put forward which consist of "employee safety knowledge", "equipment safety knowledge", "environment safety knowledge" and "rule safety knowledge". Eight elements of utility are put forward which consist of "benefit satisfaction", "promotion satisfaction", "job satisfaction", "enterprise satisfaction", "management satisfaction"...
Status and future tasks of coal mining safety in China
In general, contexts of coal mining safety involve technology, administration and socioeconomic environment as well. This paper presents statistical analysis of China coal mine accidents in recent years and analyzes the reasons causing coal mining high risk from technical and socioeconomic viewpoints. Social and economic reform has been unleashing social, economical factors that are driving a fundamental transformation of new workplace safety problems and making China coal mining safety take on Chinese features. Compared with major state-owned and local state-owned coalmines, township and village...
Human factors in the major hazard industries
The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) has recently published two significant reports assisting both it and other organisations sharing the aim of using human factors to better manage and prevent the risk of major accident hazards. In the first report, (RR758) the authors, Greenstreet Berman Ltd consider the extent to which those with influence within high hazard industries take account of Human factors and Ergonomics (HF/E) when making decisions about ‘process safety'. The second report, from Oxford University (RR772) details the offshore working time arrangements in operation in the...
Activités, expérience et santé à l’épreuve des évolutions du travail : recherches dans quatre secteurs professionnels
Ce rapport de recherche présente les exposés et débats de l’édition 2007 du séminaire « Ages et travail » organisé par le Créapt. Le thème retenu en 2007 était :« Activités, expérience et santé à l’épreuve des évolutions du travail : recherches dans quatre secteurs professionnels ». Ces quatre secteurs sont la santé, le transport ferroviaire, la métallurgie et l’agriculture. http://www.cee-recherche.fr/fr/rapports/51-activites_experience_sante_travail_secteurs_professionnels_age...
Age Awareness Training for Miners
Fom the first day of new miner training until the day they retire, mine workers will experience changes due to the normal aging process. It is an unfortunate fact of life that many age-related changes result in diminished physical, sensory, or cognitive capabilities. Of course, workers also gain a tremendous wealth of experience, knowledge, and insight as they age, making them a vitally important resource for their company. Effective leveraging of this precious resource requires both an appreciation of the changes that occur with age and an understanding of methods that can be used to reduce the...

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