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Quels sont les facilitateurs du maintien en emploi en santé des travailleurs seniors dans un milieu d’éducation au Québec?
Le pourcentage de travailleurs seniors âgés de 45 ans et plus augmente sans cesse sur le marché du travail au Québec. Dans le secteur de l'éducation, une large portion de la main-d'œuvre est âgée de 45 ans et plus (41 %) et un tiers du personnel aura quitté son poste entre 2009 et 2018 (Grenier, 2009). Des statistiques récentes montrent aussi que les lésions tant de nature physique que psychologique des travailleurs québécois du secteur de l'éducation sont souvent associées à...
Pénibilité au travail en milieu scolaire, stratégie de faire face et stratégie de défense chez les enseignants débutants
Un autre regard sur les éléments contributifs d’une vulnérabilité au phénomène de décrochage professionnel Cet article porte sur la pénibilité au travail en milieu scolaire dans l’enseignement secondaire en France. À partir de présupposés issus d’une approche transactionnelle du stress et d’une psychodynamique du travail son originalité est d’en documenter la complémentarité pour analyser les facteurs contributifs de cette pénibilité et pour comprendre...
Dérives de la recherche et détresse psychologique chez les universitaires
Les professeures et professeurs des universités québécoises se montrent généralement engagés dans leur travail. Pourtant, de 20 à 25 % d'entre eux révèlent avoir vécu un problème d'ordre psychologique lié à ses conditions d'exercice. Comment reconnaître ce qui peut favoriser ou compromettre la santé psychologique et l'engagement dans une carrière professorale? Comment prévenir les malaises observés et y remédier? Pour répondre à ces questions...
Pénibilité au travail en milieu scolaire, stratégie de faire face et stratégie de défense chez les enseignants débutants
Un autre regard sur les éléments contributifs d'une vulnérabilité au phénomène de décrochage professionnel Cet article porte sur la pénibilité au travail en milieu scolaire dans l'enseignement secondaire en France. À partir de présupposés issus d'une approche transactionnelle du stress et d'une psychodynamique du travail son originalité est d'en documenter la complémentarité pour analyser les facteurs contributifs de cette pénibilité et pour comprendre les stratégies...
Climate congruence: How espoused psychosocial safety climate and enacted managerial support affect emotional exhaustion and work engagement
The alignment between espoused (saying) and enacted (doing) psychosocial safety climate (PSC; a climate for worker psychological health) is important to consider in relation to health and work outcomes. This diary study explored the interplay (moderation and mediation processes) between espoused PSC (organizational level PSC) and daily enacted PSC (operationalized in the specific domain of managerial support) and their relationships to worker psychological health (i.e., daily emotional exhaustion) and motivation (i.e., daily work engagement). In all, 545 diary data points were collected within...
A Longitudinal Study of Teachers’ Occupational Well-Being
Applying the Job Demands-Resources Model The job demands-resources model (JD-R model; Bakker & Demerouti, 2014) is well established in occupational research, and the proposed processes it posits have been replicated numerous times. Thus, the JD-R model provides an excellent framework for explaining the occupational well-being of beginning teachers—an occupation associated with particularly high levels of strain and consequently, high attrition rates. However, the model's assumptions have to date mostly been tested piecewise, and seldom on the basis of longitudinal models. With a series...
Are there any job resources capable of moderating the effect of physical demands on work ability?
A study among kindergarten teachers Background. It is recognized that teaching in a preschool context is physically demanding. Despite this, the consequences of physical demands on psychophysical health (including work ability) are significantly understudied among kindergarten teachers. Objectives. The aim of the present study is to examine (a) the association between physical demands and work ability and (b) whether psychosocial job resources buffer the negative impact of physical demands among kindergarten teachers. Method. A total of 426 kindergarten teachers employed in the municipal educational...
Mindfulness-Based Stress Release Program for University Employees
A Pilot, Waitlist-Controlled Trial and Implementation Replication Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a 6-week mindfulness-based stress release program (SRP) on stress and work engagement in fulltime university employees. Methods: Perceived stress, workplace wellbeing, and engagement were measured at baseline and within 1 week of the SRP completion, and contemporaneously 6 weeks apart for a waitlist control group. A second program was implemented to examine reproducibility of results. Results: Fifty participants undertook the SRPs, and 29 participants were waitlisted...
Workplace Bullying Among Teachers
An Analysis From the Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) Model Perspective This paper adopts the Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) model to analyze workplace bullying among teachers. The data used for this research are obtained from the 5th European Working Conditions Survey. Given the objective of this work, a subsample of 261 education employees is collected: 48.7% of these teachers report having experienced workplace bullying (N=127), while 51.3% indicate not considering themselves as bullied at work (N=134). In order to test the research model and hypotheses, this study relies on the use of partial least...
Santé psychologique des chercheurs
Un mal-être profond semble affecter le monde du travail en général. Une détresse psychologique agissant comme un sérieux signal de déséquilibre. Cet extension du domaine du stress atteindrait aussi celles et ceux qui pratiquent la recherche, même s'ils exercent un « métier » où les facteurs de protection sont nombreux: autonomie, actions qui ont du sens, exercice de sa compétence et collégialité. Quelles tensions, pressions ou souffrances sont ressenties par le corps professoral universitaire...
Health and safety in schools
Exploring the perceptions of HSE's communications to promote and support sensible risk management This research was commissioned to explore the viewpoints of school staff responsible for managing day-to-day health and safety in schools. This study explored what guidance schools use to support their management of health and safety and, in particular, examined how HSE's education-specific materials were used. The study found that HSE is not the primary source of information and guidance used by the schools. Instead, the primary sources are the Local Authorities (LAs) or other bought-in health...
Burnout does not help predict depression among French school teachers
Objectives: Burnout has been viewed as a phase in the development of depression. However, supportive research is scarce. We examined whether burnout predicted depression among French school teachers. Methods: We conducted a 2-wave, 21-month study involving 627 teachers (73% female) working in French primary and secondary schools. Burnout was assessed with the Maslach Burnout Inventory and depression with the 9-item depression module of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9). The PHQ-9 grades depressive symptom severity and provides a provisional diagnosis of major depression. Depression was treated...
Preventing secondary traumatic stress in educators
Teachers can be vulnerable to secondary traumatic stress (STS) because of their supportive role with students and potential exposure to students' experiences with traumas, violence, disasters, or crises. STS symptoms, similar to those found in posttraumatic stress disorder, include nightmares, avoidance, agitation, and withdrawal, and can result from secondary exposure to hearing about students' traumas. This article describes how STS presents, how teachers can be at risk, and how STS can manifest in schools. A US Department of Education training program is presented, and thoughts on future...
La santé psychologique et la performance au travail
Des liens longitudinaux bidirectionnels? Bien que certains indicateurs d'attitude ou de vécu affectif aient été liés à la performance individuelle au travail, peu d'études se sont intéressées à ces liens au plan longitudinal. Les méthodes de recherches longitudinales sont pourtant pertinentes, considérant qu'ils permettent d'inférer la direction de la relation entre les variables. S'intéressant au concept bidimensionnel de santé psychologique au travail, composé de fort bien...
Plaidoyer pour un leadership distribué favorisant la santé au travail en contexte scolaire
Les problèmes de santé au travail sont criants (p. ex., stress, problèmes psychosociaux et épuisement) et, chez l'ensemble des travailleurs, il semblerait que les salariés du milieu de l'éducation (enseignants, professionnels, personnel de soutien et membres de la direction) fassent partie de ceux qui sont le plus touchés par la détresse psychologique au travail. Selon la Fédération des commissions scolaires du Québec, près de 50 % des absences du personnel scolaire sont dues à des troubles de nature...
Efficacy of an internet-based problem-solving training for teachers
Results of a randomized controlled trial Objective: The primary purpose of this randomized controlled trial (RCT) was to evaluate the efficacy of internet-based problem-solving training (iPST) for employees in the educational sector (teachers) with depressive symptoms. The results of training were compared to those of a waitlist control group (WLC). Methods: One-hundred and fifty teachers with elevated depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, CES-D ≥16) were assigned to either the iPST or WLC group. The iPST consisted of five lessons, including problem-solving...
Physical Assaults Among Education Workers
Findings From a Statewide Study OBJECTIVE: Enumerate and describe physical assaults occurring to Pennsylvania education workers. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was mailed to a random sample of 6450 workers, stratified on gender, occupation, and region. Logistic regression was used to examine risk factors for physical assault. RESULTS: During the 2009-2010 school year, 309 of 2514 workers were assaulted 597 times. Special education teachers, urban workers, and those in their first 3 years of employment were at an increased risk. Most assaults did not lead to medical care or time away from work;...
Work environment and participation: the case of teachers in Denmark and New Zealand
Employees' participation in decision making at work is often identified as a key element in work environment quality. In this comparative case study, the focus is on teachers' work in Denmark and Zealand. The substantial variations in work environment quality found across four schools are shown to be associated with corresponding differences in participation. In particular, perceived work environment quality is associated with collective and representative forms of participation. Source : Knudsen, Herman ; Markey, Raymond. Industrial Relations Journal, 2013, vol. 44, no 1, p.38-56. http...
Occupational safety and health and education: a whole-school approach
A Whole-School Approach to OSH integrates risk education and school safety and health management throughout the school’s activities and the way it functions, making them part of school life. It also actively involves staff and pupils in school safety management. The approach improves both risk education and the learning environment for staff and pupils. This report that presents and analyses in-depth cases focused on implementing the whole-school approach. Source : https://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/reports/occupational-safety-and-health-and-education-a-whole-school-approach
Analyse ergonomique de la santé et de la sécurité en centre de formation professionnelle
Les centres de formation professionnelle (CFP), qui enseignent environ 150 métiers, sont un lieu privilégié pour l'apprentissage de pratiques de SST. Or, l'enseignement de la SST est complexe et requiert des ressources et des milieux adaptés aux besoins, ce dont il semblerait que les CFP ne disposent pas toujours. De plus, le matériel didactique renvoie surtout à des prescriptions de comportement. Comme transmettre des savoir-faire de prudence, en particulier aux plus jeunes qui ne se sentent pas concernés par les problèmes de SST...
STRESSLESS – Improving Educators’ Resilience to Stress
A European initiative “STRESSLESS – Improving Educators’ Resilience to Stress” recently published its main results, including a guidebook that aims at providing educators and educational/training institutions with a useful, practical and validated tool to manage properly psychosocial risks in the educational sector and to improve educators’ resilience towards stress. Source : http://web.spi.pt/stressless/ . Certaines publications sont disponibles en français : http://web.spi.pt/stressless/index_FR.html Rapport sur la situation du tress : analyse des besoins...
Risk factors for work-related injuries among university student employees
This study identified contributing risk factors in the occurrence of work-related injuries among university students employed at a single university. Four hundred seventy-six student employees completed the survey in March 2010. The majority of respondents were female (66%) and the average age of all respondents was 20.7 yr. A pre-validated survey instrument was taken from the Youth Employment and School Study (YESS) and contained scales for the risk factors of interest. Results show significant differences in the amount of work-school conflict, boredom, workplace hazards, and workload between...
Plaintes physiques et mentales des enseignants
L'équilibre entre vie privée et vie professionnelle, la qualité des relations avec les collègues et même le bruit en classe: tous ces éléments exercent une influence sur le bien-être d'un enseignant. D'une manière générale, les enseignants se sentent en moins bonne santé que d'autres travailleurs hautement qualifiés et souffrent de stress et de toutes sortes de douleurs physiques. À l'heure où l'âge de la pension est revu à la hausse, une question gagne en...
Pupils with special educational needs in basic education schools and teachers’ sickness absences
A register-linkage study Objectives : We examined whether having a high percentage of pupils with special educational needs (SEN) in basic education schools increases the risk of sickness absence among teachers and whether this risk is dependent on the pupil–teacher ratio (PTR), an indicator of teacher resources at school. Methods : We obtained register data on 8089 teachers working in 404 schools in 10 municipalities in Finland during the school year 2004–2005. We used multilevel multinomial regression models to examine the risk of teachers' short- and long-term sickness absence...
ETUCE, Teachers’ work-related stress – survey results and brochure
The European trade union committee for education - ETUCE - has made available a study report containing the full overview of the results of its stress survey as well as the ETUCE project brochure on Teachers' work-related stress: European-wide Survey - Assessment, Comparison and Evaluation of the Impact of Psychosocial Hazards on Teachers at their Workplace in the EU. The full survey report and annexes are only available in English. The ETUCE brochure summarising the project and its results is available in English, French ... Source : http://etuce.homestead.com/ETUCE_en.html http://teachersosh...
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