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Prévention de l’exposition cutanée aux pesticides chez les producteurs de pommes et facteurs influençant le port des vêtements de protection
Des recherches internationales ont déterminé que la peau constituait la principale voie d'exposition aux pesticides utilisés en agriculture. L'utilisation des équipements de protection individuelle (ÉPI) joue un rôle clé dans la prévention des risques liés à l'exposition. L'utilisation non systématique des ÉPI prescrits est toutefois documentée et constitue une cible prioritaire des interventions pour la réduction de l'exposition aux pesticides. Cette étude approfondit les...
L'amélioration des conditions de travail aux postes de bouverie et de tuerie en abattoirs de boucherie
En octobre 2016, une commission d'enquête parlementaire émettait des recommandations pour renforcer la protection des animaux en abattoirs. À la demande du ministère de l‘Agriculture et de l'Alimentation, l'Anact a réalisé une étude pour mieux éclairer les liens entre les enjeux économiques, de conditions de travail et de protection animale. Les analyses ont mis en évidence qu'il est nécessaire de prendre en compte la réalité du travail des différents acteurs (opérateurs...
Critères d’aménagement sécuritaire et ergonomique des postes de haleur et de support à casiers des homardiers du Québec
La pratique de la pêche commerciale est reconnue comme l'un des métiers les plus dangereux à l'échelle mondiale. Entre 2012 et 2014, elle a fait l'objet de deux projets de recherche qui ont été réalisés en Gaspésie et aux Îles-de-la-Madeleine. Le premier visait à analyser les activités de travail et les risques de chute par-dessus bord des homardiers ainsi que leurs déterminants, tandis que le deuxième consistait en l'étude des aménagements aux postes de travail «...
A novel tool for evaluating occupational health and safety performance in small and medium-sized enterprises
The case of the Quebec forestry/pulp and paper industry Efforts to prevent work-related injuries have met with tangible success in industrialized countries. In Quebec, workplace accidents and occupational illness have declined sharply since the end of the 1990s. However, there is still considerable room for improvement in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Expert specialists in accident prevention in SMEs are overloaded. Their interventions are repetitive and not personalised. Few tools are available for accelerating the process of evaluating occupational health and safety (OHS) performance...
Suicide among agricultural, forestry, and fishery workers
A systematic literature review and meta-analysis Objectives: This review aimed to quantify suicide risk among agricultural, forestry, and fishery workers and study potential variations of risk within this population. Methods: We conducted a systematic literature review and meta-analysis from 1995 to 2016 using MEDLINE and following the PRISMA guidelines. A pooled effect size of suicide risk among the population of interest was calculated using meta-analysis. Subgroup analyses were conducted to investigate whether effect size differed according to population or study characteristics. Meta-regression...
Farmers' mental health
A longitudinal sibling comparison – the HUNT study, Norway Norwegian farmers appeared to follow the same general trends in mental health over time as other occupations. However, when performing a sibling comparison to eliminate familial confounding from shared factors, farmers had higher odds of having symptoms of anxiety and depression than their siblings working in other occupations. This indicates a causal impact of working in agriculture on mental health. Source: Torske MO, Bjørngaard JH, Hilt B, Glasscock D, Krokstad S. Scand J Work Environ Health , 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10...
Guide to managing risks in cattle handling
This Guide provides information on how to manage risks associated with cattle handling at a workplace. Cattle handling involves any activities where workers handle cattle. This can include working with cattle in paddocks, laneways, yards, cattle transportation, feedlots, abattoirs, saleyards and activities relating to on-farm cattle sales. The Guide focusses on natural cattle handling techniques that use cattle behaviour and livestock handler position to achieve the goal rather than other techniques that ‘make' the cattle do the activity. Source: http://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/sites...
Routinized killing of animals: Going beyond dirty work and prestige to understand the well-being of slaughterhouse workers
Slaughterhouse workers face the reality of industrialized meat production on a daily basis, experiencing firsthand the routinized killing of animals. This occupation provides a window through which to view one key way in which animals and organizations intersect in modern society. Given its proximity to death and undesirable required tasks, working in a slaughterhouse is classified as ‘dirty work'. Current theorizing, however, does not address how the intentional killing of animals may impact workers beyond its inherent dirtiness and low prestige. In this study, we draw upon and extend...
Les blessures professionnelles accidentelles et les problèmes de santé mentale au travail chez la main-d'oeuvre agricole
Vers une compréhension intégrée Ce numéro de Quintessence examine les liens entre la survenue des blessures professionnelles accidentelles (BPA) et les problèmes de santé mentale chez la main-d'oeuvre agricole. En conclusion, nous sommes invités à réfléchir sur les développements récents en recherche et à la pertinence d'adopter une compréhension intégrée des BPA et de la santé mentale chez la main-d'oeuvre agricole. Source: http://www.qualaxia.org/fdownload.php?fn...
Prevention in dangerous industries: does safety certification prevent tree-faller injuries?
Prevention in dangerous industries: does safety certification prevent tree-faller injuries? Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate if safety certification reduces the risk of work injury among experienced manual tree-fallers. Methods: This study used a retrospective cohort study design. Experienced manual tree-fallers employed in the Canadian province of British Columbia (N=3251) between 2003–2008 were enumerated from a mandatory faller registry. Registry records with demographic and certification data were linked to workers' compensation claims for injury outcomes. Data were...
Research to explore the effect of traditional farming Safety and Health Awareness Days (SHADs) on farmer behaviour
The research explored farmers' perceptions of the extent to which attendance at a Farming Safety and Health Awareness Day (SHAD), established by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE), had changed their awareness, attitudes and behaviour in relation to health and safety. Using a mixture of quantitative (questionnaire) and qualitative (interview) approaches provided an opportunity to explore not only how farmers' knowledge, attitudes and behaviour had changed immediately after the SHAD, but also whether any observed changes were sustained three months after attending a SHAD. Source: http...
Keeping workers safe
Does provision of personal protective equipment match supervisor risk perceptions? BACKGROUND: Although farm management may understand agriculture's risks, they may not provide personal protective equipment (PPE). This study describes thoroughbred farm management's risk perceptions, provision of PPE, and factors that influence its provision. METHODS: Thirty-five representatives from 26 farms participated in a 1-4hr semi-structured interview covering perceived risks associated with horse work and perspectives and provision of PPE. Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed, entered into...
L’intervention psychosociale auprès des agriculteurs
Promouvoir l'accès et l'acceptabilité des services Pas d'agriculture sans agriculteurs, le message est fort, évocateur et diffusé ici, en Australie et ailleurs dans le monde. Il traduit une préoccupation quant aux conditions de vie des agriculteurs et interpelle les réponses sociales qui peuvent soutenir leur santé et leur bien-être. C'est précisément cet aspect qui est au coeur du présent article. Source: http://www.qualaxia.org/fdownload.php?fn=Quintessence-V07N01-fr.pdf&ct=dqt&tp=pdf
Compliance with the ANSI Z133.1 - 2006 safety standard among arborists in New England
INTRODUCTION: Arboriculture is hazardous work. A consensus safety standard exists, but little is known about compliance with it. This study aimed to determine whether accreditation and certification are associated with safety practices and to identify specific safety practices adhered to most and least. METHOD: Sixty-three tree care companies in southern New England were directly observed on job sites. Adherence to the American National Standards for Arboricultural Operations (ANSI Z133.1 - 2006) was compared across companies that were accredited, non-accredited with certified arborists on staff...
Medical repatriation of migrant farm workers in Ontario
A descriptive analysis BACKGROUND: Approximately 40 000 migrant farm workers are employed annually in Canada through temporary foreign worker programs. Workers experiencing health conditions that prevent ongoing work are normally repatriated to their home country, which raises concerns about human rights and health equity. In this study, we present data on the reasons for medical repatriation of migrant farm workers in Ontario. METHODS: In this retrospective descriptive study, we examined medical repatriation data from Foreign Agricultural Resource Management Services, a non-profit corporation...
Perception of the importance of human-animal interactions on cattle flow and worker safety on Minnesota dairy farms
Proper cattle-handling techniques (stockmanship) are important to ensure calm animals and a safe work environment for dairy workers on farm. The objectives of this study were to (1) assess Minnesota dairy herd owners' attitudes toward stockmanship, its perceived importance for cow comfort and worker health, and the establishment of calm cattle movement; and (2) identify current resources and methods of stockmanship training on Minnesota dairy farms. A stratified-random sample of Minnesota dairy farmers were contacted via mail to participate in a 28-question survey. One hundred eight bovine...
Impact evaluation of a farm safety awareness workshop in New Zealand
OBJECTIVE: Farming is a hazardous occupation, with high rates of injury and death. FarmSafe, a whole-country approach, sought to address work-related injury on New Zealand sheep, beef, and dairy farms. More than 10 000 farmers participated in 630 workshops held over two years. This short communication presents the results of an impact evaluation of the FarmSafe Awareness Workshop (FSAW) in its first two years of operation. METHODS: All FSAW participants completed, and received credit for, formal educational assessments. Pass rates were used to assess safety knowledge, and a quasi-experimental design...
Sur le fil
Ce numéro de la revue PISTES pose un regard particulier sur la santé au travail de ceux et celles qui œuvrent dans le secteur de la santé, parfois à la limite du déséquilibre. Lorsque l'équilibre est rompu, le regard se porte ultimement sur la problématique des suicides professionnels, cette fois en agriculture. Toutefois, l'action sur les conditions d'exercice du travail ainsi que le soutien au développement des personnes peuvent contribuer à la reconstruction d'un certain équilibre. Deux contributions...
Improving health and safety conditions in agriculture through professional training of Florida farm labor supervisors
Because farm labor supervisors (FLSs) are responsible for ensuring safe work environments for thousands of workers, providing them with adequate knowledge is critical to preserving worker health. Yet a challenge to offering professional training to FLSs, many of whom are foreign-born and have received different levels of education in the US and abroad, is implementing a program that not only results in knowledge gains but meets the expectations of a diverse audience. By offering bilingual instruction on safety and compliance, the University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences...
Assessing the effectiveness of the Pesticides and Farmworker Health Toolkit
A curriculum for enhancing farmworkers' understanding of pesticide safety concepts Among agricultural workers, migrant and seasonal farmworkers have been recognized as a special risk population because these laborers encounter cultural challenges and linguistic barriers while attempting to maintain their safety and health within their working environments. The crop-specific Pesticides and Farmworker Health Toolkit (Toolkit) is a pesticide safety and health curriculum designed to communicate to farmworkers pesticide hazards commonly found in their working environments and to address Worker Protection...
Evaluation of a pilot promotora program for Latino forest workers in southern Oregon
BACKGROUND: Forest work, an occupation with some of the highest injury and illness rates, is conducted primarily by Latino immigrant workers. This study evaluates a pilot program where promotoras (lay community health educators) provided occupational health and safety trainings for Latino forest workers. METHODS: Evaluation methods included a focus group, post-tests, and qualitative feedback. RESULTS: Community capacity to address working conditions increased through (i) increased leadership and community access to information and resources; and (ii) increased worker awareness of workplace health...
Farmers' knowledge, practices and injuries associated with pesticide exposure in rural farming villages in Tanzania
BACKGROUND: Pesticides in Tanzania are extensively used for pest control in agriculture. Their usage and unsafe handling practices may potentially result in high farmer exposures and adverse health effects.The aim of this study was to describe farmers' pesticide exposure profile, knowledge about pesticide hazards, experience of previous poisoning, hazardous practices that may lead to Acute Pesticide Poisoning (APP) and the extent to which APP is reported. METHODS: The study involved 121 head- of-household respondents from Arumeru district in Arusha region. Data collection involved administration...
Santé mentale chez les agriculteurs
Métro, boulot, dodo. La conciliation travail-famille est dans l'air du temps. Bien réussie, elle constitue une source de bien-être et de santé. Mais peut-on aussi dire : moissonneuse-batteuse, boulot, dodo? Voyons comment une meilleure compréhension de la conciliation travail-famille chez les agriculteurs pourrait jeter un éclairage nouveau sur les défis que comporte leur réalité. Source: http://www.qualaxia.org/sante-mentale-dossiers-thematiques/sante-mental-agriculteurs/
Job Control, Psychological Demand, and Farmworker Health
Evidence From the National Agricultural Workers Survey Objective: Improve understanding of the potential occupational health impact of how agricultural jobs are organized. Exposure to low job control, high psychological demands, and high job strain were hypothesized to have greater risk for poor self-rated physical health and elevated depressive symptoms. Methods: Cross-sectional data (N = 3691) obtained using the Work Organization and Psychosocial Factors module of the US National Agricultural Workers Survey fielded in 2009–2010. Results: More than one fifth (22.4%) of farmworkers reported...
Job Control, Psychological Demand, and Farmworker Health
Evidence From the National Agricultural Workers Survey Objective: Improve understanding of the potential occupational health impact of how agricultural jobs are organized. Exposure to low job control, high psychological demands, and high job strain were hypothesized to have greater risk for poor self-rated physical health and elevated depressive symptoms. Methods: Cross-sectional data (N = 3691) obtained using the Work Organization and Psychosocial Factors module of the US National Agricultural Workers Survey fielded in 2009–2010. Results: More than one fifth (22.4%) of farmworkers reported...
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