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Quebec Serve and Protect Low Back Pain Study: What About Mental Quality of Life?
Background As of now, the impact of low back pain (LBP) and its chronic state, chronic low back pain (CLBP), on mental health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has never been investigated among police officers. The present investigation aims at studying this relationship using a biopsychosocial model. Methods Between May and October 2014, a Web-based cross-sectional study was conducted among Quebec police officers (Quebec, Canada). Mental HRQOL was measured using the role emotional (RE) and the mental health (MH) domains of the SF-12v2 Health Survey. The impact of CLBP on mental HRQOL (as opposed...
Effects of office workstation type on physical activity and stress
Objective: Office environments have been causally linked to workplace-related illnesses and stress, yet little is known about how office workstation type is linked to objective metrics of physical activity and stress. We aimed to explore these associations among office workers in US federal office buildings. Methods: We conducted a wearable, sensor-based, observational study of 231 workers in four office buildings. Outcome variables included workers' physiological stress response, physical activity and perceived stress. Relationships between office workstation type and these variables were...
Portrait du risque de maladie cardiovasculaire chez des pompiers du Québec
Il était pertinent de réaliser une étude ayant pour objectif de dresser le portrait du risque de maladie cardiovasculaire d'une cohorte de pompiers québécois, sachant que la crise cardiaque est la principale cause de décès au travail chez les pompiers et que la présence d'une maladie cardiovasculaire augmente le risque de crise cardiaque au travail. Sept cent soixante-dix-neuf (779) pompiers ainsi que quarante et une (41) pompières ont répondu au questionnaire. Les données ont été recueillies à...
Portrait du risque de maladie cardiovasculaire chez des policiers du Québec
Il était pertinent de réaliser une étude ayant comme objectif de dresser le portrait du risque de maladie cardiovasculaire d'une cohorte de policiers québécois, sachant que la crise cardiaque est une cause importante de décès au travail chez les policiers et que la présence d'une maladie cardiovasculaire augmente le risque de crise cardiaque au travail. Deux mille quatre-vingt-dix-neuf (2099) policiers ainsi que sept cent cinquante-six (756) policières ont répondu au questionnaire en ligne. Les données ont été...
Common human factors underlying worker fatalities in the waste and recycling industry
Research was carried out to identify common human factors underlying fatal incidents and to provide insights into possible options for concerted action to help reduce the likelihood of serious incidents or fatalities. The research reviewed 18 fatal incidents and included in-depth interviews with HSE inspectors involved in the incident investigations. Of these incidents, 12 were in ‘small and medium enterprises', SMEs (with less than 250 employees) and 6 in large enterprises (250 or more). The research identified two priority human factors areas to tackle to reduce worker fatalities: equipment...
Firefighter attitudes, norms, beliefs, barriers, and behaviors toward post-fire decontamination processes in an era of increased cancer risk
Firefighters' are exposed to carcinogens such as volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) during fires and from their personal protective equipment (PPE). Recent research has shown that decontamination processes can reduce contamination on both gear and skin. While firefighter cultures that honor dirty gear are changing, little is known about current attitudes and behaviors toward decontamination in the fire service. Four hundred eighty-five firefighters from four departments completed surveys about their attitudes, beliefs, perceived norms, barriers, and...
Développement du monoripage et conditions de travail
Depuis quelques années se développe la pratique du monoripage, c'est-à-dire la collecte des déchets par un équipage constitué d'un opérateur de collecte et d'un chauffeur. Une étude menée par l'INRS révèle que dans les conditions observées une telle collecte est physiquement plus intense que celle réalisée en biripage. Elle présente alors un risque plus élevé de troubles musculosquelettiques et une astreinte cardiaque excessive. L'étude montre qu'il...
Shiftwork and the Retinal Vasculature Diameters Among Police Officers
Objective: To investigate associations of central retinal arteriolar equivalent (CRAE), a measure of retinal arteriolar width, and central retinal venular equivalents (CRVE), a measure of retinal venular width, with shiftwork in 199 police officers (72.9% men). Methods: Shiftwork (day, afternoon, night) was assessed using electronic payroll records. Four digital retinal images per officer were taken. Mean diameters of the retinal vasculature were compared across shifts using analysis of variance (ANOVA)/analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). Results: Among all officers (mean age = 46.6 ± 6.8 years...
Mental Disorder Symptoms among Public Safety Personnel in Canada
Background: Canadian public safety personnel (PSP; e.g., correctional workers, dispatchers, firefighters, paramedics, police officers) are exposed to potentially traumatic events as a function of their work. Such exposures contribute to the risk of developing clinically significant symptoms related to mental disorders. The current study was designed to provide estimates of mental disorder symptom frequencies and severities for Canadian PSP. Methods: An online survey was made available in English or French from September 2016 to January 2017. The survey assessed current symptoms, and participation...
Participation des travailleurs à la gestion de la sécurité et de la santé au travail
Informations qualitatives tirées de la deuxième édition de l'enquête européenne des entreprises sur les risques nouveaux et émergents (ESENER-2) Cette étude est principalement consacrée à la question de la représentation des intérêts des travailleurs dans le domaine de la santé et de la sécurité du point de vue des représentants eux-mêmes, de leurs collègues, ainsi que de leurs employeurs et dirigeants. Elle est basée sur des entretiens approfondis réalisés...
Santé mentale et sécurités des collectivités : appuyer nos agents de sécurité publique à l’aide d’une stratégie nationale sur les blessures de stress opérationnel
Les agents de la sécurité publique sont à risques de souffrir d'un trouble de stress post-traumatique (TSPT) et de blessures de stress opérationnel (BSO) à la suite d'événements traumatiques vécus dans l'exercice de leurs fonctions1. Tout le monde s'entend pour dire que le bien-être des personnes qui aident à protéger la sécurité des Canadiens est d'une importance capitale. Le Comité permanent de la sécurité publique et nationale de la Chambre des communes (le «...
Peer Support and Crisis-Focused Psychological Intervention Programs in Canadian First Responders
Results from a review conducted by a team of researchers at the University of Regina have shown that there is an urgent need for more research on the effectiveness of peer support and crisis-focused psychological intervention programs designed to help First Responders — police, paramedics, and fire and rescue personnel — cope with the trauma often associated with their work. The Blue Paper was published by a research team led by Dr. Shadi Beshai and Dr. R. Nicholas Carleton with the Canadian Institute for Public Safety Research and Treatment (CIPSRT). The “operational stressors”...
Building Resilience in an Urban Police Department
Objective: The aim of this study is to examine a resilience training intervention that impacts autonomic responses to stress and improves cardiovascular risk, psychological, and physiological outcomes in police. Methods: Officers [(n=38) 22 to 54 years] modified emotional and physical responses to stress using self-regulation. Measurements include psychological and physiological measures [eg, heart rate variability (HRV), blood pressure, C-reactive protein)] obtained at three time intervals. Results: Age was significantly (P<0.05) associated with changes on several measures of psychological...
Emotional demands at work and the risk of clinical depression
A longitudinal study in the Danish public sector OBJECTIVE: This study is a 2-year follow-up study of different dimensions of work-related emotional demands as a predictor for clinical depression. METHODS: In a two-wave study, 3224 (72%) public employees from 474 work-units participated twice by filling in questionnaires. Sixty-two cases of clinical depression were diagnosed. Emotional demands were examined as perceived and content-related emotional demands, individually reported and work-unit based. Support, meaningful work, and enrichment were considered as potential effect modifiers. RESULTS...
Organizational justice and disability pension from all-causes, depression and musculoskeletal diseases
A Finnish cohort study of public sector employees Work-related psychosocial factors that are measured once may not provide an accurate estimate of long-term exposure. Thus, we used repeated measures of organizational justice to evaluate its association with disability pension in a cohort of 24 895 Finnish public sector employees. High organizational justice was associated with lower risk of disability pension due to depression and musculoskeletal diseases. Source: Juvani A, Oksanen T, Virtanen M, Elovainio M, Salo P, Pentti J, Kivimäki M, Vahtera J. Scand J Work Environ Health , 2016. http...
What is the preferred number of consecutive night shifts?
Results from a crossover intervention study among police officers in Denmark Among police officers in Denmark, we studied (i) how many consecutive night shifts participants preferred at baseline; (ii) preferences regarding three intervention conditions (two, four, and seven consecutive night shifts followed by the same number of days off/day shifts: ‘2 + 2', ‘4 + 4', ‘7 + 7') at follow-up; (iii) characteristics of participants preferring each of these intervention conditions. Questionnaire data from a crossover intervention study were used (baseline: n = 73; follow...
Sécurité et défense : des professions plus souvent victimes d’agressions physiques ou verbales
Chargés d'assurer la sécurité et la défense, les policiers, les militaires et les professions assimilées, sont davantage victimes d'agressions physiques ou verbales que l'ensemble de la population occupant un emploi. Dans l'exercice de leur métier, les violences physiques et verbales subies par les policiers, les militaires et assimilés sont en proportion près de deux fois plus importantes que pour les autres groupes professionnels qui sont majoritairement en contact avec le public, tels que les professions intermédiaires...
Changes in working conditions and physical health functioning among midlife and ageing employees
Objectives: The aim this study was to examine the effect of changes in physical and psychosocial working conditions on physical health functioning among ageing municipal employees. Methods: Follow-up survey data were collected from midlife employees of the City of Helsinki, Finland, at three time points: wave 1 (2000–2002), wave 2 (2007), and wave 3 (2012). Changes in physical and psychosocial working conditions were assessed between waves 1 and 2. Physical health functioning was measured by the physical component summary (PCS) of the Short-Form 36 questionnaire at each of the three waves...
Supervisor and team leader competence in roadside waste and recycling collection
It is widely recognised that team leaders and supervisors have an important role in persuading their crews of the importance of health and safety procedures and safety performance standards. To enable them to fulfil this role they need to have the necessary leadership, interpersonal and communication skills. However, there is a lack of knowledge about the training and competence requirements for these roles and whether any training-related improvements are required. The aim of the project was to identify the competencies (knowledge, skills, attitudes and behaviours) required for road side waste...
A Comparative Study of Workplace Bullying Among Public and Private Employees in Europe
Objectives: Workplace bullying emerges from a set of individual, organizational, and contextual factors. The purpose of this article is hence to identify the influence of these factors among public and private employees. Methods: The study is carried out as a statistical–empirical cross-sectional study. The database used was obtained from the 5th European Working Conditions Survey 2010. Results: The results reveal a common core with respect to the factors that determine workplace bullying. Despite this common base that integrates both models, the distinctive features of the harassed employee...
Conditions de travail et performance des organisations publiques
Entre contraintes économiques et changements sociétaux, les trois fonctions publiques vivent une profonde mutation. Devant les tensions croissantes et la perte de repères ressentie par les agents, la question des conditions de travail et de la qualité de vie au travail s'impose. Source: Travail & Changement , avril-mai-juin 2015,numéro 359. http://fr.calameo.com/read/0000881550fa85c59f4c0
Work characteristics, personal resources, and employee well-being
A longitudinal study among Finnish firefighters In today´s work life, employees are expected not only to be reasonably healthy, but also to be highly engaged and work efficiently. However, at the same time, the prevalence of mental health disorders and diseases of the musculoskeletal systems is high. Therefore, understanding and enhancing employee well-being as a whole is essential. This study examined the longitudinal effects of work characteristics, personal resources, and lifestyle on employee well-being by applying three theoretical frameworks Job Demands-Resources model, Conservation...
Psychological distress and dyslipidemia in Chinese police officers
A 4-year follow-up study in Tianjin, China OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at investigating whether psychological distress in police officers was associated with dyslipidemia. METHODS: A survey was conducted to examine the psychological distress among 5867 police officers in Tianjin, China, from 2007 to 2011. Psychological distress was measured using the Symptom Check List-90-Revised. Cox proportional hazard regression was used to calculate the hazard ratios (HR) of the incidence of dyslipidemia predicted by psychological distress. RESULTS: Among the 3300 participants without dyslipidemia at baseline...
Law Enforcement Officer Motor Vehicle Safety
Motor-vehicle crashes are the leading cause of occupational fatality among Law Enforcement Officers (LEOs), yet data on motor-vehicle-related incidents and motor-vehicle operations are scant. Unfortunately, the limited avail­ability of data makes it difficult for agencies to develop and implement evidence-based prevention programs. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) sponsored a statewide survey on officers' thoughts about and experiences with motor-vehicle-related incidents. This statewide survey included a random sample of 60 law enforcement agencies and...
Workaholism and Mental Health Problems Among Municipal Middle Managers in Norway
Objective: To provide empirical knowledge about the antecedents and outcomes of workaholism among municipal middle managers within the framework of the job demands–resources model. Methods: We used a self-administered questionnaire to collect cross-sectional data (n = 118) on job demands, job resources, work engagement, workaholism, and mental health problems. Results: Workaholism correlated positively with both work engagement and mental health problems. Job demands affected workaholism and mental health problems more strongly than did job resources. The results indicate that workaholism...
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