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Safety training transfer: The roles of coworkers, supervisors, safety professionals, and felt responsibility
The aim of this study is to identify the influence of social dimensions of the work environment and the employees' felt responsibility on the transfer of safety training. We tested a model in which responses and reactions from safety players such as coworkers, supervisors, and safety professionals are positively related to the transfer of training (TT), through the mediating effect of the employees' felt responsibility and the moderating influence of supervisor support and sanctions. A two-time data collection was implemented among blue-collar employees, all low qualified, from four city...
Prise en charge de la SST dans les mines souterraines : témoignages de cadres et de représentants des travailleurs
Cette étude exploratoire vise à mieux connaître les rôles des cadres et représentants des travailleurs de mines souterraines québécoises, les éléments du contexte qui peuvent agir comme leviers ou obstacles à leurs actions en SST et à amorcer des réflexions sur ce qui peut les soutenir dans leurs rôles. Cette étude s'appuie sur une exploration de la littérature et sur une analyse secondaire des données recueillies lors d'un projet de recherche portant sur les conditions d'intégration...
Conférence sur la contribution des travailleurs à des lieux de travail plus sûrs
En partenariat avec diverses sociétés d'ergonomie, l'ETUI a organisé les 26 et 27 juin 2017 à Bruxelles une conférence sur la manière dont les travailleurs contribuent à l'amélioration des conditions de travail. Intitulée « Travailleurs et créativité : comment améliorer les conditions de travail par des méthodes participatives », la conférence a réuni des ergonomes, des experts en sécurité et santé au travail, des travailleurs et des représentants...
Experiences of arrangements for health, safety and welfare in the global container terminal industry (2016)
This report presents the findings of a study of the experience of health and safety in container terminals operated by national and global companies in several countries. It explores indications from a previous, preliminary study concerning workers' experiences and the effectiveness of the management systems to support their health, safety and welfare at work. It builds on the earlier findings with a more in-depth analysis, using both quantitative and qualitative research methods. It discusses the new findings in the context of an analysis of the relationship between corporate strategies for...
Comprendre les ressorts des pratiques organisationnelles en matière de prévention des risques psychosociaux par les acteurs de l’entreprise
Une recherche dans l'industrie de la chimie La littérature scientifique fait part d'une individualisation des problèmes de santé psychologique au travail faisant obstacle à l'efficacité de la prévention. À partir d'une méthode mixte, nous cherchons à savoir si cette tendance à l'individualisation se retrouve dans la perception des acteurs de la santé au travail dans l'organisation et la manière dont celle-ci impacte les modes d'intervention. Un questionnaire a été proposé...
Managers’ viewpoint on factors influencing their commitment to safety
An empirical investigation in five Finnish industrial organisations Managers' strong commitment to safety is a key element of a successful safety management, culture and climate. Several studies have approached managers' commitment from the employees' point of view, but research approaching commitment from the managers' viewpoint is scarce. This qualitative study aims to identify the organisational factors that hinder or promote managers' commitment to safety and to suggest organisational measures that can be applied to support managers' commitment to safety. A total of...
Participation des travailleurs à la gestion de la sécurité et de la santé au travail
Informations qualitatives tirées de la deuxième édition de l'enquête européenne des entreprises sur les risques nouveaux et émergents (ESENER-2) Cette étude est principalement consacrée à la question de la représentation des intérêts des travailleurs dans le domaine de la santé et de la sécurité du point de vue des représentants eux-mêmes, de leurs collègues, ainsi que de leurs employeurs et dirigeants. Elle est basée sur des entretiens approfondis réalisés...
Important factors in common among organizations making large improvement in OHS performance
Results of an exploratory multiple case study This exploratory study sought to identify the factors important to large improvement in workplace occupational health and safety (OHS) performance. Mixed methods were used to systematically identify 12 organizations in a workers’ compensation database that had made large and intentional improvement in workplace OHS performance in Ontario, Canada, during 1998–2008 (i.e., “breakthrough change” (BTC) cases). Four of these organizations were selected for in-depth case study (two manufacturers, a grocery and a social agency). Cross...
Promoting Healthy Workplaces by Building Cultures of Health and Applying Strategic Communications
Objective: The aim of the study was to identify key success elements of employer-sponsored health promotion (wellness) programs. Methods: We conducted an updated literature review, held discussions with subject matter experts, and visited nine companies with exemplary programs to examine current best and promising practices in workplace health promotion programs. Results: Best practices include establishing a culture of health and using strategic communications. Key elements that contribute to a culture of health are leadership commitment, social and physical environmental support, and employee...
The dynamics of union responses to migrant workers in Canada
This study examines how five unions in the Canadian province of Alberta responded to a sudden influx of temporary foreign workers (TFWs), as part of Canadian employers' increased use of migrant workers in the mid-2000s. The authors find three types of response to the new TFW members: resistive, facilitative and active. Furthermore, these responses were dynamic and changing over time. The different responses are best explained not by the unions' institutional context, but by internal factors shaping each union's response. Drawing upon the concept of referential unionisms, the study explores...
Social dialogue in micro and small companies
Micro and small companies constitute the backbone of private business in Europe, accounting for nearly 99% of all enterprises, more than half of total employment in the private sector and an even greater proportion of new jobs. Despite their crucial place in the economy, there has been little research on micro and small companies, particularly in terms of the implementation of fundamental workers' rights – such as health and safety at work – and the positive role of social dialogue in striving for good working conditions and industrial relations. Given this knowledge gap, Eurofound...
Industrial relations practices related to psychosocial constraints at work in the steel sector
This report looks at industrial relations practices regarding health and safety strategies in the European steel sector. The findings are based on desk research and a comparative analysis of company practices in three company case studies: ArcelorMittal in France, Rautaruukki in Finland and Salzgitter AG in Germany. The report offers a transversal analysis, examining the main findings on the role of social dialogue and company practices regarding prevention while also highlighting some specific company and sectoral features triggering psychosocial risks and their prevention. Each of the three case...
Un guide RPS à l’usage des CHSCT
Réalisé à l’initiative d’un groupe de travail pluridisciplinaire, ce guide sur la prévention des risques psychosociaux est spécifiquement destiné aux membres des CHSCT (Comités d'Hygiène de Sécurité et des Conditions de Travail). Avec l’émergence accrue des risques psychosociaux ces dernières années, les CHSCT sont de façon croissante amenés à intervenir dans ce champ d’action. Le guide RPS à l’usage des CHSCT a pour objectif de donner des éléments...
Rapport IGAS : interactions entre santé et travail
Comment mieux articuler santé au travail, santé publique et santé environnementale ? C'est la question abordée dans un récent rapport de l'Inspection générale des affaires sociales (IGAS). À partir de 4 exemples concrets, les maladies cardiovasculaires, la polyarthrite rhumatoïde, les addictions et les nanoparticules, 4 axes d'amélioration ont été identifiés : mieux appréhender l'impact des conditions de travail sur la santé, être attentif à l'évolution...
Workplace injury and voice: a comparison of management and union perceptions
This article moves beyond the existing institutional focus on union representation and workplace injury by looking at the substance of union representation and participation in the management of occupational health and safety (OHS). The effects on workplace injuries of different configurations of OHS voice (negotiation, consultation, information or 'none'), as mapped by the perceptions of both management and unions in the same workplace, are explored using the British Workplace Employment Relations Survey 2004. The findings indicate that some participation is better than none, that more...
Conflits de cuisine : les syndicats québécois repensent l’organisation pour améliorer l’atmosphère de travail
"Au Québec, la Confédération de syndicats nationaux considère la prévention des problèmes de santé mentale comme une de ses priorités d’action en santé et sécurité au travail. Récemment, elle a mené un projet dans un centre de soins pour personnes âgées afin d’améliorer le climat de travail et le bien-être des salariés." HESAmag_07_FR_p48-51.pdf Source : Guéricolas, Pascale. HesaMag, 2013, no 7,p. 48-51. http://www.labourline.org/dyn/portal/index...
Pénibilité, le temps de l'action
Dossier TS Le dispositif pénibilité introduit par la réforme des retraites est venu créer une véritable dynamique de négociations dans les entreprises. Le sujet, qui pour beaucoup reste complexe, pourrait bien apporter un nouveau souffle pour les pratiques en santé et sécurité au travail. Après une présentation générale, ce dossier propose des reportages sur le terrain : - rédaction de fiches pénibilité dans une entreprise de maintenance industrielle, - utilisation d'une grille d'aide...
Pratiques addictives et travail. Un cocktail particulièrement dangereux : Dossier TS
Les pratiques addictives, un sujet complexe et tabou que nombre d'entreprises éprouvent des difficultés à aborder de front. Pourtant, les conditions de travail sont un facteur influençant les comportements. Mettre en place un plan de prévention collective, impliquer les différents acteurs de l'entreprise, briser les tabous... certaines actions sont indispensables pour mener à bien une telle démarche en entreprise. Source : http://www.inrs.fr/accueil/produits/mediatheque/doc/publications.html?refINRS=TS733page16
Triangle of Prevention: a union's experience promoting a systems-of-safety health and safety program
After years of watching company health and safety programs fail to prevent major incidents, injuries, illness, and death in industrial workplaces, union health and safety staff and rank and file activists took up the challenge of creating a union-run alternative program. Named the Triangle of Prevention (TOP), the program successfully engages both local unions and management in incident and near-miss reporting and investigation, root cause analysis, recommending and tracking solutions, and learning and sharing lessons. In all phases, TOP uses a hierarchical, systems-of-safety-based approach to...
An Evaluation of the Impact of the WorkSafeNB Focus Firms Intervention on reported Safety Behaviour and Injury Outcomes
WorkSafe New Brunswick implemented the Focus Firms initiative in 2002 to reduce workplace injuries and build health and safety infrastructure in workplaces with poor safety records. The study evaluated the impact of the Focus Firms Initiative on safety performance at participating firms. Source : http://www.worksafebc.com/contact_us/research/research_results/res_60_10_1140.asp http://www.worksafebc.com/contact_us/research/funding_decisions/assets/pdf/2010/RS2010-DG01.pdf
The Effectiveness of Joint Health and Safety Committees: A Systematic Review
For this project, the research team set out to conduct a systematic review to determine the factors that aid and impede the effective functioning of Joint Health and Safety Committees (JHSC), and to identify gaps in knowledge in this area. They also held a forum with experts in the field to better understand how to meet the needs of JHSC training. The researchers found that worker empowerment and involvement in the promotion of health and safety is a determinant of lower injury rates. The researchers concluded that it is key for JHSCs to have a clear mandate, and that committee members require...
An empirical analysis on labor unions and occupational safety and health committees' activity, and their relation to the changes in occupational injury and illness rate
OBJECTIVES: To find out from an analysis of empirical data the levels of influence, which a labor union (LU) and Occupational Safety and Health Committee (OSHC) have in reducing the occupational injury and illness rate (OIIR) through their accident prevention activities in manufacturing industries with five or more employees. METHODS: The empirical data used in this study are the Occupational Safety and Health Tendency survey data, Occupational Accident Compensation data and labor productivity and sales data for the years 2003 to 2007. By matching these three sources of data, a final data set ...
Danone signe un accord mondial sur les conditions de travail et le stress
Le 29 septembre, Danone et l'Union internationale des travailleurs de l'alimentation, de l'agriculture, de l'hôtellerie-restauration, du tabac et des branches connexes (UITA) ont signé un accord sur la santé, la sécurité, les conditions de travail et le stress. Le texte concerne les 101.000 salariés de Danone dans 90 pays. L'accord repose sur plusieurs principes comme la prise en compte des conséquences des changements d'organisation sur ses collaborateurs, la préservation de l'équilibre entre vie professionnelle...
Mental Illness
Research Unveils Employers Concerns In the workplace, attitudes toward mental health and mental illness make a big difference for all employees but especially for those experiencing mental health issues. British scientists of the Oxford University have analysed which concerns make employers not to engage applicants with mental problems. Obviously these concerns are widely spread: A survey and found out, that there is evidence that people with mental health problems are being turned down for a job because of their mental health problem or stopping themselves from looking for work because they anticipate...
Workplace mental injury creating 'perfect legal storm', report says
Financial rewards for damages caused by mental injury at work have increased over the past five years by as much as 700 per cent, according to a report released today by the Mental Health Commission of Canada (MHCC). The report warns that a “perfect legal storm” is brewing in the area of mental health protection at work, and points to emerging responsibilities for employers to provide a psychologically safe workplace. October is Canada's Healthy Workplace Month and next week is Mental Illness Awareness Week. The report entitled, Tracking the Perfect Legal Storm (2010), concludes...
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