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Workplace bullying among employees in Germany
Prevalence estimates and the role of the perpetrator Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of workplace bullying in Germany while also taking the perpetrator and severity level (measured by frequency) into account and considering the role of gender, age and socioeconomic status. Methods: We used data from a large representative sample (N = 4143) of employees in Germany subject to social security contributions. Self-reported bullying was assessed for different combinations of perpetrators (co-workers, superiors) and according to severity, i.e., being exposed at all and...
Characteristics and determinants of recurrent occupational accidents
Recurrent occupational accidents provide valuable information for prevention purposes. Characteristics of recurrent occupational accidents were studied using a dataset of a Finnish insurance company including 21,580 subjects having at least two compensated workplace accidents with the same working process. For more than two thirds (70%) of the subjects, the circumstances and causes of the first accident did not reoccur in the second accident but their recurrence was substantial, typically around 30%. Working process and characteristics of the first accident affected the reoccurrence. In services...
Les blessures professionnelles et leurs déterminants
Mieux comprendre le rôle du secteur industriel et de la profession L'ampleur actuelle de la morbidité et de la mortalité liées aux blessures professionnelles (c.-à-d. accidents du travail, troubles liés aux mouvements répétitifs) pèse lourd sur la productivité des travailleurs, des entreprises et de la société canadienne. Annuellement, les données révèlent qu'un Canadien sur quinze est blessé dans l'exercice de son travail, alors que les coûts économiques générés...
Are Workplace Psychosocial Factors Associated With Work-Related Injury in the US Workforce?
National Health Interview Survey, 2010 Introduction: Psychosocial hazards in the workplace may adversely impact occupational and general health, including injury risk. Methods: Among 16,417 adult workers in the 2010 National Health Interview Survey Occupational Health Supplement, weighted prevalence estimates were calculated for work-related injuries (WRI) and any injuries. The association between injury and psychosocial occupational hazards (job insecurity, work–family imbalance, hostile work environment) was assessed adjusting for sociodemographic and occupational factors. Results: WRI...
Organizational practices for learning with work accidents throughout their information cycle
Research has acknowledged the relevance of accident information for prevention and learning and the need for companies to develop a reporting and learning culture. Few studies have approached this issue by comparing the different learning strategies used by companies. The aim of this study is to explore how companies use accident information and to develop strategies for learning from accidents, which cover all the learning cycle phases by: (a) identifying learning patterns across company and activity sectors, (b) checking for potential differences among certified and non-certified companies. Seventeen...
Scénarios d’accidents occasionnés par une perturbation du mouvement dans les secteurs de la construction et de la métallurgie
Pour une prévention locale et diversifiée La prévention des lésions consécutives à des heurts, des glissades, des coincements ou toute autre perturbation du mouvement au travail constitue un enjeu considérable. Cent quarante-trois récits d'accidents survenus dans les secteurs de la construction et de la métallurgie ont été analysés au moyen d'une approche probabiliste pour en extraire les scénarios récurrents. Ces récits ont été décrits par 30 facteurs génériques...
Transient risk factors of acute occupational injuries
A case-crossover study in two Danish emergency departments In spite of numerous prevention efforts occupational injuries continue to be a global challenge. A case-crossover design was used to examine the effect of eight specific transient risk factors for acute occupational injuries. The study identified several transient risk factors that led to significantly increased risks for occupational injuries, particularly for equipment and work practice-related factors. Source: Østerlund AH, Lander F, Nielsen K, Kines P, Möller J, Lauritsen J. (2016). Scand J Work Environ Health . http://dx...
Is Sickness Presenteeism a Risk Factor for Depression?
A Danish 2-Year Follow-Up Study Objective: To examine the prospective association between sickness presenteeism (SP), that is, working while ill, and the onset of depression. Methods: We carried out a two-wave (2006 to 2008) questionnaire-based study among 1271 employees from 60 Danish workplaces. Sickness presenteeism was assessed by asking participants to report the number of days that they went to work despite illness in the preceding year. Results: Multivariate logistic regression revealed that, after controlling for several health-related variables and other relevant confounders, reporting...
Mining Publication
Incorporating Judgment and Decisionmaking into Quarterly Mine Escape Training Based on a Mine Fire Scenario The major coal mine disasters of 2006 raised a number of issues about mine emergency preparedness and response. These included concerns about miners' judgment and decisionmaking skills under the stress of a mine escape and miners' familiarity with escape procedures. In response, researchers from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) sought to learn how mines are incorporating judgment and decisionmaking skills into mine escape training. They took an in...
Toward an understanding of the impact of production pressure on safety performance in construction operations
It is not unusual to observe that actual schedule and quality performances are different from planned performances (e.g., schedule delay and rework) during a construction project. Such differences often result in production pressure (e.g., being pressed to work faster). Previous studies demonstrated that such production pressure negatively affects safety performance. However, the process by which production pressure influences safety performance, and to what extent, has not been fully investigated. As a result, the impact of production pressure has not been incorporated much into safety management...
A framework for learning from incidents in the workplace
Learning from Incidents (LFI) in the workplace has been gaining increasing importance in the Health, Safety and Environment context. Although organisations adopt a variety of LFI initiatives, it is often unclear what learning approaches are the most appropriate and the most effective for different types of incidents across a range of contexts. The aim of the paper is to surface factors that are important for effective Learning from Incidents (LFI). The paper builds on a conceptual framework for learning from incidents, developed through an earlier study. This conceptual framework was validated...
«N’importe qui peut-il remplir un conteneur?»: L’OIT va débattre de la sécurité dans le secteur en forte croissance des conteneurs
Le marché des expéditions maritimes par conteneur représente environ 16 pour cent du volume des marchandises mondiales transportées (en tonnes). Avec une part de marché qui s'accroît, le risque d'accidents augmente lui aussi, indique un rapport préparé pour le Forum de dialogue mondial de l'OIT sur la sécurité dans la chaîne d'approvisionnement concernant le remplissage des conteneurs qui doit se tenir à Genève les 21 et 22 février 2011. Le forum s'efforcera d'adopter une approche...
Participation in volunteering and unpaid work
Just over 20% of Europeans take part in voluntary and charitable activities, though there are wide differences between Member States. The highest rates are seen in the Nordic Member States (Denmark, Finland, Sweden) and the lowest rates are in Bulgaria, Greece, Malta, Portugal, Romania and Spain. People with a high level of educational attainment are more likely to be volunteers, as are those who attend religious services regularly. Based on data from the second European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS), conducted by Eurofound in 2007, this report examines the factors underpinning people’s decision...
Cohorte des travailleurs de l’agglomération toulousaine
La population des travailleurs de l'agglomération toulousaine a été particulièrement touchée par l'explosion de l'usine "AZF" en raison du nombre élevé d'entreprises détruites. À la suite d'une enquête transversale dans cette population, une cohorte de travailleurs (cohorte santé "AZF") a été mise en place. L'objectif est de décrire sur une période de cinq années les conséquences sanitaires et socioprofessionnelles de l'explosion....
Suicide et activité professionnelle en France : premières exploitations de données disponibles
La conduite suicidaire est un processus complexe et multifactoriel. S'il est aujourd'hui difficile de comptabiliser le nombre exact de suicides en lien avec le travail, il existe néanmoins certaines données permettant d'approcher cette problématique. Cette étude a pour objectif de décrire la mortalité par suicide et son évolution au cours du temps dans la population des salariés (hommes) selon les secteurs d'activité auxquels ils appartiennent. Source : http://www.invs.sante.fr/display/?doc=publications/2010/suicide_activite_professionnelle_france...
Self-Reported and Reported Injury Patterns in Contemporary Dance Students
Abstract: Background: Injury is a major concern among dancers, as currently rates are reported as being high. The purpose of the present study was to assess the incidence and details of injuries across an academic year at a full-time contemporary dance school. Methods: A questionnaire was distributed to 57 dancers at the end of their first academic year. Reported injury information was also retrieved from a database as collected from a physiotherapist over the same period. Results: Differences were found between the reported and self-reported information, particularly with reference to shin injuries...
Risk leadership and organisational type
The anecdotal experience of new entrants in the UK offshore industry is that they are not, as a group, safer or less safe than established organisations. Similarly, the organisational arrangements that are sometimes associated with new entrants - such as the separation of ownership and operation - are not clearly less safe than more traditional arrangements. What seems to matter more is a deeper capacity to make chosen ways of organising work. This particularly involves being 'rigorous': not just developing effective safety practices but dealing with the by-products and side-effects of...
Vaste enquête sur le stress au travail chez France Telecom
Le cabinet Technologia, déjà intervenu au technocentre de Renault Guyancourt après une série de suicides en 2008, va entamer une enquête auprès des salariés de France Télécom. Cette enquête va être menée sur la base des questionnaires de mesure du stress de Karasek et Siegrist, mais aussi sur les modèles propres au cabinet. Source: http://www.anact.fr/portal/page/portal/AnactWeb/NOTINPW_PAGES_TRANSVERSES/2_veille_sociale/NOTINMENU_NEWS_DETAIL?p_thingIdToShow=6191375

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