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Demographic differences in safety proactivity behaviors and safety management in Chinese small-scale enterprises
The study examines demographic differences in safety proactivity behaviors (i.e., safety whistleblowing, safety voice, and safety initiative) and safety procedure, safety management, and safety hazards identification. The data was collected from 503 employees in Chinese small–scale enterprises by using one–way ANOVA. The results showed that safety proactivity behaviors were significantly correlated with age groups, safety initiative with education level, and safety management with gender. Safety procedure, safety management and safety hazards identification were significantly correlated...
Understanding Small Enterprises: Proceedings from the 2017 Conference
Focus on Safety and Health in Small Businesses Given the disproportionate burden of occupational injuries, illnesses, and fatalities experienced by small businesses in the United States and worldwide, small business occupational safety and health (OSH) is of increasing concern to the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). Although researchers in public health have addressed multiple OSH issues, the very large group of academics and researchers specializing in the area of OSH has not been very active in the area of small business OSH. The USE 2017 conference brought together...
La sécurité et la santé dans les micro et petites entreprises au sein de l’Union européenne
Avis recueillis sur le lieu de travail Ce rapport présente les conclusions d'une étude consacrée aux conceptions et expériences en matière de santé et de sécurité au travail (SST) dans 162 micro et petites entreprises sélectionnées dans de multiples secteurs d'activités dans neuf États membres de l'UE. Chaque étude de cas a été alimentée par une visite de la société participante, des entretiens avec le propriétaire-directeur et avec un travailleur, ainsi...
La sécurité et la santé dans les micro et petites entreprises dans l’UE
Ce rapport expose les conclusions de l'analyse finale du projet SESAME, un projet de recherche triennal concernant l'état de la santé et de la sécurité au travail dans les micro et petites entreprises en Europe. L'objectif principal de l'analyse consistait à déterminer ce qui fonctionne, pour qui et dans quels contextes. L'une des recommandations essentielles issue de cette étude est qu'il est nécessaire de renforcer et de maintenir les systèmes étatiques de réglementation et de contrôle dans...
Common human factors underlying worker fatalities in the waste and recycling industry
Research was carried out to identify common human factors underlying fatal incidents and to provide insights into possible options for concerted action to help reduce the likelihood of serious incidents or fatalities. The research reviewed 18 fatal incidents and included in-depth interviews with HSE inspectors involved in the incident investigations. Of these incidents, 12 were in ‘small and medium enterprises', SMEs (with less than 250 employees) and 6 in large enterprises (250 or more). The research identified two priority human factors areas to tackle to reduce worker fatalities: equipment...
Prévention des risques professionnels dans le commerce de détail non alimentaire
En partenariat avec un service de santé au travail, la branche professionnelle du commerce de détail non alimentaire a engagé une démarche de prévention des risques professionnels en valorisant l'engagement des différents préventeurs et plus particulièrement celui du médecin du travail. À partir d'une étude des risques professionnels propres à ce secteur et d'une synthèse de leur tendance évolutive, il a été possible d'élaborer et de mettre en place des actions...
Safety and health in micro and small enterprises in the EU
From policy to practice - description of good examples This report presents a selection of case studies of successful efforts to reach out to micro and small enterprises (MSEs) to help them improve occupational safety and health (OSH). The more than 40 inspiring examples from 12 EU Member States are grouped by themes such as multi-dimensional strategies and initiatives by non-OSH intermediaries. The aim is to show that, while MSEs can struggle with managing safety and health, initiatives to improve OSH in MSEs can succeed and are transferable to different countries and sectors. By collecting and...
A novel tool for evaluating occupational health and safety performance in small and medium-sized enterprises
The case of the Quebec forestry/pulp and paper industry Efforts to prevent work-related injuries have met with tangible success in industrialized countries. In Quebec, workplace accidents and occupational illness have declined sharply since the end of the 1990s. However, there is still considerable room for improvement in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Expert specialists in accident prevention in SMEs are overloaded. Their interventions are repetitive and not personalised. Few tools are available for accelerating the process of evaluating occupational health and safety (OHS) performance...
Analyse comparative du contexte de travail et portrait statistique des problèmes de santé et sécurité au travail en fonction de la taille des entreprises
Selon Statistique Canada, 33,1 % des salariés québécois et 31,3 % des salariés canadiens travaillaient dans les petites entreprises de 49 employés et moins en 2015. Les petites entreprises constituaient 95 % de l’ensemble des établissements employeurs au Québec et au Canada en 2016. Plusieurs résultats scientifiques internationaux documentent le fait que le contrôle des risques dans les petites entreprises est moins efficace que dans les moyennes et les grandes entreprises et que le risque d’accidents et de maladies professionnelles...
Quelles pratiques de gestion des risques dans les micro et petites entreprises?
Résultats de l'étude européenne SESAME Alors que les statistiques montrent une concentration des accidents du travail dans les entreprises de moins de 50 salariés en France, une étude, appelée SESAME, a été menée par un consortium rassemblant des chercheurs de neuf pays européens, dont la France, afin de mieux comprendre les pratiques de prévention dans les micro et petites entreprises (MPE). Cet article présente les résultats pour la France de la deuxième phase qui a consisté en une enquête...
Supporting micro and small companies with interactive risk assessment tools - Conference
On 17 May 2017, EU-OSHA and the European Commission jointly convened a conference to discuss how to support micro and small companies (MSEs) through the use of interactive risk assessment tools. The purpose of the conference was to assess the tools, highlighting its added value and its contribution to improve occupational safety and health (OSH) standards, as well as to share knowledge and good practice. Source: https://osha.europa.eu/en/tools-and-publications/seminars/supporting-micro-and-small-companies-interactive-risk-assessment
An assessment of occupational health and safety measures and performance of SMEs
An empirical investigation An empirical study was undertaken to identify the relationship between occupational health and safety measures (OHSMs) and performance of small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Survey data was collected from 35 SMEs located at S.I.T.E. Kotri, Sindh Pakistan, through questionnaire. Appropriate sampling of the collected data was carried out and analyzed in two stages using SPSS (statistical package for social sciences) software. Initially, reliability of the data was checked with the help of Cronbach's alpha coefficient, which was 0.80; and that reflects good and...
Occupational risk-prevention diagnosis: A study of construction SMEs in Spain
Occupational risk-prevention implementation and its integration in the management systems of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) are studied in the Spanish Construction Sector, through a prospective analysis of data collected from a sample of 106 firms (SMEs) in the Autonomous Community of Castile-La Mancha (Spain). The selected sample is well suited to the economic reality of that Autonomous Community, considering the size of the population and the chosen confidence intervals and probabilities. The following data-collection techniques were used: surveys, open questions, closed questions, and dichotomous...
Contexts and arrangements for occupational safety and health in micro and small enterprises in the EU – SESAME project
This report gives a critical overview of occupational safety and health (OSH) in micro and small enterprises (MSEs). It highlights not only the importance of MSEs to the economy and to society in general, but also that there are significant and well-founded concerns regarding OSH in MSEs. There is considerable evidence pointing towards a greater risk of serious injuries and fatalities in MSEs than in larger organisations. The primary reasons for this are discussed, including limitations on MSEs' resources and where they are situated in the economy. Finally, the report also highlights significant...
Distinct types of OHS vulnerability seen in young, temporary, small business employees
Young workers, temporary workers and small business employees are often called vulnerable workers, but a new study from the Institute for Work & Health (IWH) has found that they are not all vulnerable to work injury and illness in the same ways. The study used a new occupational health and safety (OHS) vulnerability questionnaire developed by the Institute. The 27-item measure asks respondents about their exposure to workplace hazards and the presence of three types of protection: (1) workplace policies and procedures; (2) worker awareness of OHS hazards, rights and responsibilities; and (3...
Overlapping Vulnerabilities
The Occupational Health and Safety of Young Immigrant Workers in Small Construction Firms The American Society of Safety Engineers (ASSE) and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) are the initiators of an intervention effort to reach workers experiencing overlapping occupational safety and health (OSH) vulnerabilities in small construction businesses. This report focuses on three populations that research indicates are at increased risk for adverse work-related health outcomes—Hispanic immigrants (individuals born in Latin America who currently live in the United...
Well-Being Improvement in a Midsize Employer
Changes in Well-Being, Productivity, Health Risk, and Perceived Employer Support After Implementation of a Well-Being Improvement Strategy Objective: To evaluate employee well-being change and associated change in productivity, health risk including biometrics, and workplace support over 2 years after implementation of a well-being improvement strategy. Methods: This was an employer case study evaluation of well-being, productivity (presenteeism, absenteeism, and job performance), health risk, and employer support across three employee assessment spanning 2 years. Employee well-being was compared...
Santé et sécurité au travail dans les petites entreprises : quelle prévention ?
L'Institut National de Recherche et de Sécurité pour la prévention des accidents du travail et des maladies professionnelles (INRS) a fait réaliser par l'institut Viavoice une enquête sur les petites entreprises (moins de 50 salariés, représentant aujourd'hui 98 % des entreprises relevant du régime général de la Sécurité Sociale) et les risques professionnels. L'INRS a commandité en 2007 et 2010 deux enquêtes sur les risques professionnels dans les petites entreprises de moins de 50 salariés...
Negotiating safety practice in small construction companies
Small construction companies have high rates of work related injuries and pervasive challenges in preventing them. This article examines safety practice from the employee perspective, taking into account the role of the owner–manager and interactions with customers in everyday work settings. Data were derived from a qualitative multi-case study of ten small construction companies (carpentry/plumbing/masonry) involving one or two-man work crews. The analytic approach is phenomenological, based on thematic content analysis of interviews and participant-observations. The employees' general...
A multi-case study of the implementation of an integrated approach to safety in small enterprises
An integrative approach to managing safety has been proposed which is based on a combination of the behavior change and culture change approach to safety. The key features are a data-based and participatory problem-solving process and an explicit culture change process. Objective: The aim of the current study was to operationalize and test the implementation of an integrative approach to safety in small (20–49 employees) enterprises within the metal and wood processing industries using a quasi-experimental, multi-case design with two intervention (Int1 and Int2) and two control enterprises...
Understanding how to improve the management of exposure to wood dust amongst construction sub-contractors and manufacturing SMEs
Literature review Available evidence was reviewed to develop a better understanding of how to improve the management of wood dust exposure in small and medium-sized construction and manufacturing enterprises (SMEs). There was a paucity of research, with most papers exploring the factors that broadly influence health and safety (H&S) management in SMEs. Factors that influence SMEs' behaviours, included: i) limited resources (particularly for small construction and wood working companies), ii) a poor awareness of the importance of ill-health prevention, iii) risk control advice from third...
The business case for safety and health: Cost–benefit analyses of interventions in small and medium-sized enterprises
This report examines the economic aspects of occupational safety and health (OSH) interventions in small and medium-sized businesses (SMEs). First, case studies in the existing literature were identified and examined. Second, 13 new case studies on OSH initiatives in European SMEs were developed, with a business case for each intervention prepared according to a common model. The OSH interventions studied were generally profitable, and these new case studies therefore provide a useful tool to allow owners and managers of SMEs an insight into the potential benefits of improving OSH and the key factors...
Les très petites entreprises
Une équation à plusieurs inconnues On les appréhende comme un ensemble, mais la réalité des très petites entreprises, celles de moins de dix salariés, est plurielle. Aussi les enjeux en matière de conditions de travail réclament-ils de nouvelles approches, plus globales, territoriales et pragmatiques. Source: Travail & changement , No 356, septembre-octobre 2014. http://bourgognefranchecomte.aract.fr/download/site-principal/document/pdf/parutions/tc356.pdf
Group Purchasing of Workplace Health Promotion Services for Small Employers
Objective: Small employers are underserved with workplace health promotion services, so we explored the potential for group purchasing of these services. Methods: We conducted semistructured telephone interviews of member organizations serving small employers, as well as workplace health promotion vendors, in Washington State. Results: We interviewed 22 employer organizations (chambers of commerce, trade associations, and an insurance trust) and vendors (of fitness facilities, healthy vending machines, fresh produce delivery, weight management services, and tobacco cessation quitlines). Both cautiously...
Social dialogue in micro and small companies
Micro and small companies constitute the backbone of private business in Europe, accounting for nearly 99% of all enterprises, more than half of total employment in the private sector and an even greater proportion of new jobs. Despite their crucial place in the economy, there has been little research on micro and small companies, particularly in terms of the implementation of fundamental workers' rights – such as health and safety at work – and the positive role of social dialogue in striving for good working conditions and industrial relations. Given this knowledge gap, Eurofound...
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