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Les salariés utilisent-ils les outils de prévention des risques professionnels ?
Près de neuf salariés sur dix reçoivent des informations sur les risques que leur travail fait courir à leur santé ou à leur sécurité, notamment via des formations spécifiques ou lors de visites avec un médecin du travail. Cependant, les femmes en bénéficient moins souvent que les hommes, comme si les risques qui les concernaient étaient moins visibles. Les consignes de sécurité et les équipements de protection individuelle contre le bruit ou les risques chimiques ne sont pas toujours...
Effectiveness of occupational e-mental health interventions
A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Objective: This systematic review and meta-analysis investigated the effectiveness of occupational e-mental health interventions aimed at stress, depression, anxiety, burnout, insomnia, mindfulness, well-being, and alcohol misuse and their potential treatment moderators. Methods: We systematically reviewed randomized control trials published in English using three electronic databases (MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINAHL) and three register trials. A pooled effect size for each mental health area was calculated using random-effects modelling...
Effectiveness of psychological and educational interventions for the prevention of depression in the workplace
A systematic review and meta-analysis Objectives :Psychological and educational interventions for the prevention of depression have a small-to-moderate effect. However, little is known about their effectiveness in the workplace. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of such interventions through a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCT). Methods: We searched PubMed, PsycINFO, EMBASE, CENTRAL, CIS-DOC and Open Grey for RCT. Search was supplemented with manual searches of reference lists of relevant meta-analyses and trials. We included RCT that assessed either...
Le rôle futur des mégadonnées et de l’apprentissage automatique dans l’amélioration de l’efficacité des inspections de santé et de sécurité
Cet article examine la manière dont les inspections du travail pourraient utiliser les mégadonnées afin de déterminer efficacement les cibles des inspections de santé et de sécurité. Il expose la manière dont les autorités déterminent actuellement les objets des inspections et utilisent les nouvelles technologies numériques afin de recenser les entreprises à haut risque. L’article passe en revue des exemples de technologies pertinentes mises en pratique, notamment un outil développé par l’Autorité...
Évolution 2010-2018 du burnout en Belgique et intérêt de l’utilisation conjointe de deux outils de diagnostic
Le projet se structure en différentes étapes : - Établir une revue de la littérature scientifique des cinq dernières années sur le burnout et les troubles mentaux associés (stress, dépression, workaholisme, fatigue chronique, fibromyalgie, brown-out, bore-out) ; - Faire le point sur des concepts fortement médiatisés comme le bore-out ou le brownout; - Mesurer l'ampleur du burnout dans la population belge ; - Adapter l'outil à l'intention des médecins permettant d'aider à la détection...
Un outil en ligne gratuit pour aider les travailleurs de nuit à mieux gérer leur sommeil
La professeure Marie Dumont, de l’UdeM, lance un outil en ligne gratuit destiné aux travailleurs de nuit pour les aider à mieux gérer leur sommeil. Il repose sur ses 30 ans de recherche sur le sujet. Accessible gratuitement, «Mieux vivre le travail de nuit» comprend quatre modules que l’usager peut parcourir à son rythme. «Basé sur des connaissances scientifiques plutôt que sur des opinions comme c’est souvent le cas sur Internet, il propose également plusieurs ressources et références qui permettront...
Mental health first aid in the workplace: A feasibility study
Increasing people's awareness of mental health, reducing stigma, and promoting and facilitating early help-seeking are recognised as key strategies for a mentally healthy workplace. However, people may delay seeking help because workplace support systems are not available, not accessible, or not known. In this context Mental Health First Aid (MHFA) has emerged as an international programme that seeks to raise awareness of mental ill health and improve attitudes. It also educates people about the ways that they can support those experiencing a mental health crisis, through a range of training...
Strategies to improve the implementation of workplace-based policies or practices targeting tobacco, alcohol, diet, physical activity and obesity
Implementation strategies are meant to improve the adoption and integration of evidence-based health interventions into routine policies and practices within specific settings. This review examined whether using these strategies improved the implementation of policies and practices in the workplace promoting: •Healthy eating •Physical activity •Weight control •Tobacco cessation •Prevention of risky alcohol consumption The review authors also wanted to know if these strategies changed employees' health behaviours, caused any unintended effects, and were good value for...
De-escalation techniques for managing non-psychosis induced aggression in adults
Background: Aggression occurs frequently within health and social care settings. It can result in injury to patients and staff and can adversely affect staff performance and well-being. De-escalation is a widely used and recommended intervention for managing aggression, but the efficacy of the intervention as a whole and the specific techniques that comprise it are unclear. Objectives: To assess the effects of de-escalation techniques for managing non-psychosis-induced aggression in adults in care settings, in both staff and service users. Source: Spencer, S., Johnson, P. et Smith, I. C. (2018...
Alcohol and Drug Guidelines and Work Rule : Canadian Model for Providing a Safe Workplace
The Canadian Model for Providing a Safe Workplace (the Canadian Model) is a Best Practice Alcohol and Drug Policy that stakeholders in the Canadian construction, maintenance and oil and gas industries can adopt and follow. The purpose of the Canadian Model is to ensure a safe workplace for all workers by reducing the risks associated with the inappropriate use of alcohol and drugs. This sixth version, issued on July 1, 2018, is issued jointly by COAA and Energy Safety Canada. Source: https://www.coaa.ab.ca/library/canadian-model-version-6/
Promotion de la santé mentale au travail
La santé mentale et le bien-être de la main-d'oeuvre européenne sont de plus en plus reconnus comme une question importante pour les parties prenantes du travail en Europe. Ce document d'orientation a essentiellement pour vocation de présenter un intérêt pratique pour toutes les parties prenantes concernées en la matière (employeurs, syndicats, décideurs politiques et professionnels). Il adopte donc une approche pratique, axée sur la fourniture d'un cadre intégré pour la promotion de la santé mentale...
Pour quelles raisons la formation aux techniques sécuritaires de manutention ne fonctionne-t-elle pas?
Revue critique de la littérature La formation en manutention fait l'objet de nombreuses demandes de la part des milieux de travail. Or, malgré leur abondante diffusion, ces formations voient leur efficacité remise en cause par cinq méta-analyses publiées entre 2007 et 2014. La consultation de ces revues de la littérature ne permet pas de comprendre les raisons pour lesquelles il en est ainsi puisque les formations recensées – et dont on tente d'évaluer l'efficacité – n'y sont pas décrites, ou alors...
Recueil de fiches portant sur les indicateurs de la Grille d’identification de risques psychosociaux du travail
En réponse au grand nombre de demandes d'obtenir de l'information simple et précise sur les risques psychosociaux du travail (RPS), ce recueil de fiches se veut un outil pratique destiné à tous les intervenants en santé au travail. Ces fiches ont été élaborées par les experts de l'équipe Prévention des risques psychosociaux du travail et promotion de la santé des travailleurs de l'Institut national de santé publique du Québec (INSPQ), avec la collaboration du Groupe scientifique sur...
A cross-Canada knowledge transfer and exchange workplace intervention targeting the adoption of sun safety programs and practices
Sun Safety at Work Canada Outdoor workers have a higher risk for skin cancers and heat stress. Workplaces need solutions relevant to their needs, proven to be effective in the real-world, and trialed in workplace settings. This article examines a workplace-based knowledge transfer and exchange intervention project, called Sun Safety at Work Canada. The objective was to have sun exposure included as a hazard within the workplaces' health and safety management systems. Knowledge brokers from the research team engaged intensively and supported workplaces in the municipal and electrical-utility...
A health economic outcome evaluation of an internet-based mobile-supported stress management intervention for employees
Objective: This study aimed to estimate and evaluate the cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit of a guided internetand mobile-supported occupational stress-management intervention (iSMI) for employees from the employer's perspective alongside a randomized controlled trial. Methods: A sample of 264 employees with elevated symptoms of perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale, PSS- 10 ≥22) was randomly assigned either to the iSMI or a waitlist control (WLC) group with unrestricted access to treatment as usual. The iSMI consisted of seven sessions of problem-solving and emotion-regulation techniques...
A novel tool for evaluating occupational health and safety performance in small and medium-sized enterprises
The case of the Quebec forestry/pulp and paper industry Efforts to prevent work-related injuries have met with tangible success in industrialized countries. In Quebec, workplace accidents and occupational illness have declined sharply since the end of the 1990s. However, there is still considerable room for improvement in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Expert specialists in accident prevention in SMEs are overloaded. Their interventions are repetitive and not personalised. Few tools are available for accelerating the process of evaluating occupational health and safety (OHS) performance...
Organizational practices for learning with work accidents throughout their information cycle
Research has acknowledged the relevance of accident information for prevention and learning and the need for companies to develop a reporting and learning culture. Few studies have approached this issue by comparing the different learning strategies used by companies. The aim of this study is to explore how companies use accident information and to develop strategies for learning from accidents, which cover all the learning cycle phases by: (a) identifying learning patterns across company and activity sectors, (b) checking for potential differences among certified and non-certified companies. Seventeen...
Out of sight, out of mind?
Research into the Occupational Safety and Health of Distributed Workers Less well-defined workforce and recent changes to more flexible working patterns are introducing challenges to today's workplaces. One of these transformations is exemplified by the way many workers spend at least some of their work time working away from a main office or location. Leading the occupational safety and health of these distributed workers is challenging, due to less opportunities for face-to-face contact and potential issues of access to safety, health and wellbeing resources. The goal of this research is...
Assessing a national work health and safety policy intervention using the psychosocial safety climate framework
Despite wide support for work health and safety (WHS) public policy interventions, the evaluation of their effectiveness has been largely overlooked. As such, many important policy developments have not been assessed for their impact within jurisdictions and organisations. We aimed to address this research gap by using the Psychosocial Safety Climate (PSC) framework, theory, measurement tool – the PSC-12, and benchmarks - to investigate the impact of a WHS policy intervention, across Australian jurisdictions, that standardised policy approaches (i.e. harmonisation) and legislated the protection...
Supporting micro and small companies with interactive risk assessment tools - Conference
On 17 May 2017, EU-OSHA and the European Commission jointly convened a conference to discuss how to support micro and small companies (MSEs) through the use of interactive risk assessment tools. The purpose of the conference was to assess the tools, highlighting its added value and its contribution to improve occupational safety and health (OSH) standards, as well as to share knowledge and good practice. Source: https://osha.europa.eu/en/tools-and-publications/seminars/supporting-micro-and-small-companies-interactive-risk-assessment
Évaluer les interventions de prévention des RPS - TMS
Ce guide pratique accompagne étape par étape les intervenants dans leur démarche d'évaluation. Il propose des apports méthodologiques sur l'évaluation, des exemples illustratifs et une grille regroupant les conséquences potentielles des démarches de prévention des risques psychosociaux (RPS) et trouble musculosquelettiques (TMS). Il est accompagné du " Document d'évaluation de mon intervention " que l'intervenant pourra renseigner au fur et à mesure de sa démarche. La démarche...
Managing Employee Stress and Wellness in the New Millennium
It has been almost a decade since Journal of Occupational Health Psychology published back-to-back meta-analyses on occupational stress management interventions (Richardson & Rothstein, 2008) and organizational wellness programs (Parks & Steelman, 2008). These studies cited the need for systematic reviews given the growing body of literature in the field and the proliferation of stress management interventions and mental health wellness programs, which have traditionally been viewed as two distinct initiatives. More recent research has shown a trend toward incorporating stress management...
Fundamentals of Total Worker Health Approaches
Essential Elements for Advancing Worker Safety, Health, and Well-Being A Total Worker Health (TWH) approach is defined as policies, programs, and practices that integrate protection from work-related safety and health hazards with promotion of injury and illness–prevention efforts to advance worker well-being. This workbook is a practical starting point for employers, workers, labor representatives, and other professionals interested in implementing workplace safety and health programs aligned with the Total Worker Health (TWH) approach. The workbook focuses on five Defining Elements of TWH...
The relationship between occupational health and safety vulnerability and workplace injury
This study employs a recently developed conceptual framework and measurement tool that moves beyond defining occupational health and safety (OH&S) vulnerability using population or occupational characteristics, and instead examines how work and workplace characteristics shape an individual worker's risk of injury (Smith et al., 2015). The measurement tool captures information on four dimensions of OH&S vulnerability: (1) exposure to workplace hazards; (2) workplace safety policies and procedures; (3) worker awareness of health and safety-related rights and responsibilities; and (4)...
Addressing Occupational Violence
An overview of conceptual and policy considerations viewed through a gender lens This report reviews the international literature and a selection of regulatory instruments with respect to occupational violence - work-related violence involving incidents in which a person is physically, psychologically or sexually assaulted, threatened, harassed, bullied or mobbed in circumstances relating to their work. This definition covers a broad range of actions and behaviours that can create a risk to the health and safety of employees. This report provides an overview of policy strategies addressing the...
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