Parcourir par tags

Tous les tags » Organisation de l’entreprise (RSS)
Une forme de gestion désincarnée de l’activité
L'exemple d'une formation en santé et sécurité du travail destinée aux préposés aux bénéficiaires au Québec Cet article a pour objectif d'illustrer les limites d'un mode de gestion désincarné de l'activité réelle de travail. Nous prenons l'exemple d'un mode de gestion « top-down » d'une formation en santé au travail destinée aux préposés aux bénéficiaires travaillant dans les organisations gériatriques au Québec...
Safety Culture: An Integration of Existing Models and a Framework for Understanding Its Development
Objective: This study reviews theoretical models of organizational safety culture to uncover key factors in safety culture development. Background: Research supports the important role of safety culture in organizations, but theoretical progress has been stunted by a disjointed literature base. It is currently unclear how different elements of an organizational system function to influence safety culture, limiting the practical utility of important research findings. Method: We reviewed existing models of safety culture and categorized model dimensions by the proposed function they serve in safety...
Le présentéisme au travail. Mieux évaluer pour mieux prévenir
Le présentéisme au travail, ou le fait de venir travailler alors que l'on est malade, est un phénomène rarement étudié en France car sa mesure de grande échelle était impossible jusqu'à récemment. Dans ce document de travail, nous utilisons les données de l'enquête Conditions de Travail 2013, première enquête nationale en population générale permettant une mesure du phénomène afin d'évaluer les déterminants de sa durée sur une année...
Organizational change and employee mental health: A prospective multilevel study of the associations between organizational changes and clinically relevant mental distress
Objective The aim of the present paper was to elucidate the relationship between exposure to separate, multiple or repeated organizational change at both individual- and work-unit level and subsequent clinically relevant mental distress amongst employees two years after change had taken place. Methods A full panel, prospective design was utilized. Data were collected at two time-points two years apart, by self-administered, online questionnaires. Organizational change was measured by six items pertaining to separate types of change. Mental distress was measured using HSCL-10, with cut-off set to...
Organizational change and employee mental health
A prospective multilevel study of the associations between organizational changes and clinically relevant mental distress Objective: The goal of this paper was to elucidate the relationship between exposure to separate, multiple or repeated organizational change at both individual- and work-unit level and subsequent clinically relevant mental distress amongst employees two years after change had taken place. Methods: A full panel, prospective design was utilized. Data were collected at two time-points two years apart, by self-administered, online questionnaires. Organizational change was measured...
Effectiveness of training workplace managers to understand and support the mental health needs of employees
A systematic review and meta-analysis Managers are in an influential position to make decisions that can impact on the mental health and well-being of their employees. As a result, there is an increasing trend for organisations to provide managers with training in how to reduce work-based mental health risk factors for their employees. A systematic search of the literature was conducted to identify workplace interventions for managers with an emphasis on the mental health of employees reporting directing to them. A meta-analysis was performed to calculate pooled effect sizes using the random effects...
Implications of work effort and discretion for employee well-being and career-related outcomes
An integrative assessment How does work effort affect employee outcomes? The authors bridge distinct literatures on the well-being versus career-related implications of work effort by analyzing the relation of overtime work and work intensity to both types of outcomes. They also extend examination of the role of discretion in modifying the effects of work effort from well-being to career-related outcomes. Using data from the fifth and sixth European Working Conditions Surveys, the authors show that greater work effort relates strongly to reduced well-being and modestly to inferior career-related...
Long working hours and depressive symptoms
Systematic review and meta-analysis of published studies and unpublished individual participant data Objectives: This systematic review and meta-analysis combined published study-level data and unpublished individual-participant data with the aim of quantifying the relation between long working hours and the onset of depressive symptoms. Methods: We searched PubMed and Embase for published prospective cohort studies and included available cohorts with unpublished individual-participant data. We used a random-effects meta-analysis to calculate summary estimates across studies. Results: We identified...
Managerial Quality and Risk of Depressive Disorders Among Danish Eldercare Workers
A Multilevel Cohort Study Objective: To examine whether low managerial quality predicts risk of depressive disorders. Methods: Using multilevel mixed-effects logistic regression analyses we examined the prospective association of individual-level and workplace-mean managerial quality with onset of depressive disorders among 5244 eldercare workers from 274 workplaces during 20 months follow-up. Results: Low managerial quality predicted onset of depressive disorders in both the individual-level (odds ratio [OR] = 1.85, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.25 to 2.76) and the workplace-mean analysis ...
Fly-in/fly-out et santé psychologique au travail dans les mines
Une recension des écrits La fatigue, associée aux longues heures de travail, aux courtes périodes de récupération entre les quarts de travail et à la qualité des installations d'hébergement, est considérée comme un des principaux enjeux en matière de santé et de sécurité au travail par les travailleurs miniers FIFO. Dans une étude, 70 % des travailleurs miniers FIFO interrogés déclarent vivre des troubles de sommeil. Selon une autre étude, 45 % des travailleurs miniers...
A review of the impact of shift work on occupational cancer
The change to a 24-hour society means that increasingly more people are working ‘non-traditional' hours, including shift work and night work. However there remains concern over the effect of shift work on health, including its relationship with cancer. This research, undertaken by the Institute of Occupational Medicine, aimed to review the literature on the impact of shift working on the risk of cancer and the steps that could be taken to reduce the risks, to help build an international perspective of the problem. Source: https://www.iosh.co.uk/Books-and-resources/A-review-of-the-impact...
A two-wave study on workplace bullying after organizational change
A moderated mediation analysis The role of organizational change in the process leading to the development of bullying has received only little attention so far. The present longitudinal study aimed at filling this gap by examining a moderated mediation model through Structural Equation Modelling where the mediating effect of psychological strain in the relationship between workload and workplace bullying is moderated by the experience of organizational change. Data were available for 141 university employees (65.2% females). The moderating role of organizational change was tested through the multi...
Le bore-out ou l'ennui au travail: démêler le vrai du faux
En 2015, alors que la question du burnout 1 fait la une des médias et est débattue par les pouvoirs publics, un nouveau sujet de santé au travail fait soudainement son apparition : le bore-out ou l'ennui au travail, qui ferait encore plus de victimes que le burnout. Les médias s'en font largement écho, mettant en avant à la fois la publication d'un ouvrage sur le sujet et une plainte d'un salarié contre son ex-employeur pour bore-out consécutif à une " mise au placard ". Au-delà du caractère sensationnel...
Les activités rémunérées des étudiants: quelles formes et quelle organisation?
En moyenne de 2013 à 2015, parmi les 2,4 millions de jeunes âgés de 18 à 29 ans qui suivent des études dans l'enseignement supérieur, près de 23 % sont actifs au sens du Bureau international du travail (BIT). L'activité rémunérée d'un étudiant est particulière en raison du cumul de l'emploi et des études. Le taux et les formes d'emploi des étudiants varient en fonction du calendrier des études. Les étudiants qui travaillent déclarent majoritairement choisir...
Les changements organisationnels augmentent-ils les risques psychosociaux des salariés?
Une analyse sur données couplées Cet article propose, à partir de l'enquête Changements Organisationnels et Informatisation 2006, une évaluation non paramétrique de l'impact des changements organisationnels ou technologiques sur les risques psychosociaux des salariés. La nature couplée de cette enquête permet de mesurer les changements au niveau salarié et entreprise. Les risques psychosociaux sont pris en compte en suivant une méthodologie recommandée par le rapport Nasse-Légeron et à sa suite...
Journaliste, un métier en voie de précarisation
La crise que traverse les médias traditionnels semble interminable. Il n'y a pas que les comptes de résultat des groupes de presse qui font peine à voir. Les professionnels de l'information sont également durement touchés. Réalisé en collaboration avec la Fédération européenne des journalistes (FEJ), le dernier numéro de HesaMag, le magazine de l'Institut syndical européen (ETUI), dresse un bilan de santé des journalistes en Europe. Source: http://www.etui.org/fr/Themes/Sante-et-securite/HesaMag...
The importance of commitment, communication, culture and learning for the implementation of the Zero Accident Vision in 27 companies in Europe
In this paper the findings are presented of a multinational study involving 27 companies that have adopted a ‘Zero Accident Vision’ (ZAV). ZAV is the ambition that all accidents are preventable, and this paper focuses on how companies implement ZAV through ZAV commitment, safety communication, safety culture and safety learning. Managers and workers took part in a survey (8,819 respondents), company interviews and national workshops in seven European countries. A common characteristic of all the companies was the high ZAV commitment of their managers and workers, which often were embedded...
Employees’ drug purchases before and after organizational downsizing
A natural experiment on the Norwegian working population (2004–2012) Private sector employees in Norway exposed to major organizational downsizing during the period 2004–2012 had elevated odds of purchasing antidepressants, hypnotics/sedatives, anxiolytics, antipsychotics, insulins, cardiovascular- and thyroid drugs around the time of downsizing, compared to the situation three years earlier. We suggest a strengthening of preventive health initiatives and systematic involvement from occupational health services in downsizing processes. Source: Kaspersen, S. L., Pape, K., Carlsen, F...
Organizational change, psychosocial work environment, and non-disability early retirement
A prospective study among senior public employees To date, this is the most exhaustive study to examine voluntary early retirement behavior among senior public service employees exposed to organizational change and subsequent assessment of the psychosocial work environment on the work-unit level. Decision-makers should consider the impact of organizational change and the psychosocial work environment in strategies to maintain senior public employees in the labor market. Source: Breinegaard, N., Jensen, J. H., & Bonde, J. P. (2017). Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health . http...
The Effect of Working Hours on Health
Does working time causally affect workers' health? We study this question in the context of a French reform which reduced the standard workweek from 39 to 35 hours, at constant earnings. Our empirical analysis exploits variation in the adoption of this shorter workweek across employers, which is mainly driven by institutional features of the reform and thus exogenous to workers' health. Difference-in-differences and lagged dependent variable regressions reveal a negative effect of working hours on self-reported health and positive effects on smoking and body mass index, though the latter...
Occupational factors and markers of ovarian reserve and response among women at a fertility centre
Objectives: To explore whether work schedules and physically demanding work were associated with markers of ovarian reserve and response. Methods: This analysis included women (n=473 and n=313 for ovarian reserve and ovarian response analysis, respectively) enrolled in a prospective cohort study of couples presenting to an academic fertility centre (2004-2015). Information on occupational factors was collected on a take-home questionnaire, and reproductive outcomes were abstracted from electronic medical records. Generalised linear models and generalised linear mixed models were used to evaluate...
Regulating the intangible - Searching for safety culture in the Norwegian petroleum industry
The way organizational culture can influence safety has been a topic in safety research and accident investigations for decades. This has led to an increasing interest from regulators to include the concept of safety culture into the sphere of risk regulation. In the Norwegian petroleum regulations, a requirement for a “sound health, safety and environment culture” was introduced in 2002. The article presents a qualitative study of the perceived effects of this requirement on safety, seen from the perspective of both the regulator and the regulated companies. The study shows that introducing...
Mind the gap: a qualitative approach to assessing why different sub-cultures within high-risk industries interpret safety rule gaps in different ways
Measuring the distance between the performance of safety rules as imagined and safety rules as enacted in high-risk environments has been an area of great interest and debate in recent years. Yet a significant gap in our understanding remains. Some authors have even advised us to “stop bitching about the gap” and start closing it (Hale and Borys, 2013a, p. 218). In this paper, we follow this call by investigating the relationship between safety rules as imagined, and enacted, in a rule-driven organization working in the oil and gas industry in Norway. Specifically, we investigate how...
Does Worksite Culture of Health (CoH) Matter to Employees?
Empirical Evidence Using Job-Related Metrics Objectives: This study examines the relationships between the workplace culture of health (CoH), job satisfaction, and turnover intention. We also examined the moderating effect of job classification. Methods: Structural equation modeling analysis was performed on data from employees of a Korean life insurance company (N=880). Results: Workplace CoH directly influenced job satisfaction (β=0.32; P<0.001) and was indirectly associated with intention to leave. Job satisfaction was directly associated with intention to leave (β=−0.42;...
Improving safety climate through a communication and recognition program for construction
A mixed methods study We evaluated the efficacy of a novel safety communication and recognition program (B-SAFE), designed to encourage improvement of physical working conditions and hazard reduction in construction. Using mixed methods, we determined that B-SAFE led to many positive changes, including an improvement in safety climate, awareness, team-building, and communication. The study has important implications for both research and practice. Source: Sparer EH, Catalano PJ, Herrick RF, Dennerlein JT. Scand J Work Environ Health , 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3569
Plus de Messages Page suivante »

Abonnement courriel

Messages récents

Catégories

Mots-Clés (Tags)

Blogoliste

Archives